Posters

Posters

Organizer: 
Alex Score
EcoAdapt
Time Slot: 
Tuesday 5:30pm - Evening Poster and Tools Cafe Reception
Session Type: 
Symposium (Individual Presentations)

National

Poster # 1
Temperature and Emergency Room Visits from Mental-Health Related Outcomes in California
Rupa Basu, Cal EPA/Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
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Temperature and morbidity has been explored for several health outcomes. However, the association between temperature and mental health-related outcomes, including violence and self-harm, remains relatively unexamined. We obtained daily counts of mental health-related emergency room visits from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 16 California climate zones from 2005 to 2013, and combined them with data on mean apparent temperature, a combination of temperature and humidity. Using Poisson regression models, we estimated climate zone-level associations, which were combined using random-effects meta-analyses to produce overall estimates. Analyses were stratified by season (warm: May-October; cold: November-April), race/ethnicity, and age. A 10-degree Fahrenheit increase in same-day mean apparent temperature was associated with a 4.8% (95% confidence interval, 3.6-6.0%), 5.8% (4.5-7.1%), and 7.9% (7.3-8.4%) increase in all mental health outcomes, self-injury/suicide, and intentional injury/homicide, respectively, during the warm season. Similar results were found during the cold season for all outcomes considered. Variations were observed by race/ethnicity and age group, with Hispanics, Whites, and those 6-18 years at greatest risk for most outcomes. Increasing mean apparent temperature was found to have acute associations with mental health outcomes and external injuries, and warrants further studies in other locations.

Co-authors:
  • Lyndsay Gavin, Yale University
  • Dharshani Pearson, Cal EPA/Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
  • Keita Ebisu, Cal EPA/Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
  • Brian Malig, Cal EPA/Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
Poster # 2
Amplification of flood frequencies with local sea level rise and emerging flood regimes
Maya K Buchanan, Princeton University
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The amplification of flood frequencies by sea level rise (SLR) is one of the most economically damaging
impacts of climate change for coastal communities. Because both historical
flood return periods and projected sea level rise are uncertain, we combine joint probability distributions
of the two to calculate amplification factors (AFs) and their uncertainties over time along U.S. coastlines. Under probabilistic
relative sea level (RSL) projections, at tide-gauge locations along the contiguous U.S. coastline, a median
40-fold increase (range of 1- to 1314-fold increase) is projected by 2050 in the expected annual
number of floods exceeding the local elevation of the current 100-year flood. Some places can expect
disproportionate amplification of higher frequency events and should increase resilience to historical
flood events, whereas others can expect amplification of lower frequency events and need to prepare for
largely unprecedented events. For example, with the same amount of SLR (e.g. 0.5 m), we project that
the 10-year, 100-year, and 500-year flood to recur 108, 335, and 814 times as often in Seattle, but 148,
16, and 4 times in Charleston, SC.

Co-authors:
  • Michael Oppenheimer, Princeton University
  • Robert Kopp, Rutgers University
Poster # 3
Spurring the Adaptation Field in Challenging Times
Joyce Coffee, Climate Resilience Consulting
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This presentation will be the culmination of a six month project aimed at identifying insights and key learnings concerning the state of the adaptation field to spur its growth. The formal project, funded by the Kresge Foundation as part of their Adaptation Portfolio Review, will seek and synthesize insights from over 75 US adaptation experts, the extant literature and other inputs.

With growing impacts of climate change, cities at the center of risks and adaptation innovation, an early 2017 change in Federal and many States’ leadership, growing global awareness for the need for adaptation demonstrated by the Paris Agreement, a forthcoming 4th National Climate Assessment and a renaissance in the understanding of gross social and economic inequities in many US cities, this presentation will provide answers to timely questions about where the field is and what actions will accelerate its development.

Experts include leaders in the philanthropic, non profit, government, academic and private sectors. They are being interviewed and surveyed, and results from this process will be analyzed, alongside insights from a thorough literature review. A specific set of themes derived from this research process will be available in Spring 2017, and we expect NAF WILL SERVE AS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH OF THESE RESULTS.

It is anticipated the themes will address building resilience capacity to withstand stresses and shocks, prospering under a wide range of climate-influenced circumstances, planning for the effects of climate change that are underway or anticipated, and fostering social cohesion and inclusion.

Co-authors:
  • Joyce E. Coffee, Climate Resilience Consulting
  • Susanne Moser, Susanne Moser Research and Consulting
  • Aleka Seville, Four Twenty Seven Inc.
Poster # 4
Yurok Tribe Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Water and Aquatic Resources
Karen Cozzetto, Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals, Northern Arizona University
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The Yurok Tribe in California has been developing a Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Water and Aquatic Resources. The plan addresses potential impacts on aquatic habitat, traditional foods, drinking water, and public health with the latter including not only physical effects but spiritual and emotional wellbeing as well. The planning process has involved engagement of both resource managers and community members and has incorporated traditional knowledge with respect to both changes observed and adaptation strategies. The Yurok have taken a holistic approach in which the interaction of climate stressors with non-climatic factors to create impacts has been considered and in which upslope and upriver influences on aquatic environments have been included. This poster will discuss the adaptation planning process and lessons learned as well highlight key, cross-cutting adaptation recommendations for increasing the resilience of the Yurok community to climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Suzanne Fluharty, Yurok Tribe Environmental Program
  • Joe Hostler, Yurok Tribe Environmental Program
  • Julie Maldonado, Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals, Northern Arizona University
Poster # 5
HUD's National Disaster Resilience Competition: Empowering Local Adaptation
Katrina Durbak, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
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Over the past several years, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC) has provided an innovative approach to supporting and furthering adaptation practice across the U.S.. Through the NDRC, HUD leveraged limited federal funding in a competitive grant program and partnered with outside organizations and philanthropic partners, to ultimately empower states and local communities to build cross-silo teams to identify and begin to work to address their challenges to resilience and equity.
This presentation will present HUD’s National Disaster Resilience Competition as well as discus successes and lessons learned from the process.

Co-authors:
  • Katrina Durbak, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Poster # 6
A Framework for Assessing and Addressing Climate Vulnerability of Transportation Assets
Gina Filosa, US DOT Volpe Center
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Transportation agencies across the world have been assessing ways to protect, preserve, and improve their assets in the face of increasing climate change impacts. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) will present its updated framework designed to assist transportation agencies in assessing and addressing vulnerability of specific assets (e.g., highways and bridges) or systems to climate change impacts. In addition to the framework, FHWA will highlight tools the agency has developed to assist agencies in conducting a vulnerability assessment and will also provide information on recent agency guidance on assessing vulnerability to flooding, sea level rise, and storm surge. The session will also feature examples of state departments of transportation and metropolitan planning organizations who have used the FHWA framework and tools to conduct vulnerability assessments and evaluate adaptation options, with a particular focus on how agencies are using the results of the vulnerability assessment to inform decisions regarding transportation investments.

Co-authors:
  • Becky Lupes, Federal Highway Administration
Poster # 7
Incorporating Multiple Knowledge Systems Into Climate Planning: The Case of Tribal Adaptation Plans
Miles Gordon, Ohio University George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
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This presentation will focus on methods for incorporating multiple sources of knowledge and information on climate change action into climate planning by using the case of tribal adaptation plans. Indigenous tribes in the United States are expected to be exposed to the negative impacts of irreversible climate change, due to increased vulnerability from tribal lands along coasts and arid regions, limited social and economic adaptive capacity, and lack of support from the governments that control their territory. In response, we are beginning to see tribes increasingly take action and undertake community-driven adaptation planning. The end result of this process has meant the publishing of tribal adaptation plans with the assistance of technical experts from the government agencies and others. Unlike other climate action plans by cities and states, that focus on technical solutions and formal policy interventions, tribal adaptation plans are the first to substantively incorporate traditional knowledge into adaptation planning along with this more conventionally sourced information. This research illustrates the types of information that have been incorporated into these plans, the methods used and the ultimate benefit and utility in adaptation planning. It highlights how a diversity of knowledge systems such as citizen, experiential, traditional, sectoral, local and policy-based can be reconciled with scientific knowledge into planning. It specifically identifies barriers to working with multiple knowledge systems, as well as methods for how such barriers might be overcome.

Co-authors:
  • Derek Kauneckis, Ohio University George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
Poster # 8
Strive for (Less than) Perfect in a World of Uncertainty
Kimberly Gotwals, Leidos
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Useful tips and lessons learned after eight years of executing climate risk workshops and developing policy and guidebooks for several US Federal agencies, to include: a) don't wait for perfect, start! b) understanding how to USE climate data; c) integration is best; d) it takes a team.

Co-authors:
  • Christina Hudson, Leidos
Poster # 9
Integrating Hazard Mitigation Planning and Comprehensive Planning
Robert Graff, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
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Integrating hazard mitigation planning with comprehensive, land use, transportation, capital improvement, and other emergency management planning helps communities develop a better, nuanced, understanding of their risk and vulnerabilities; influence decisions to reduce risk; and improve coordination to ultimately reduce communities’ risks. This presentation highlights best practices of how communities across Pennsylvania, including those in the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission, have used FEMA guidance to identify how they currently work to reduce risk, and how they can better coordinate their actions, integrating their understanding of their risk and identification of strategies to address their risk, into their planning efforts.

Co-authors:
  • Robert Graff, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
Poster # 10
Whole Community Adaptation for Local Champions
Tonya Graham, ClimateWise
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Are you tasked with developing your community’s adaptation plan or vulnerability assessment, but have minimal to no budget? Or do you need to develop an RFP for this purpose, but don’t know where to start? We can help. Geos Institute’s ClimateWise team has helped communities around the U.S. create high quality adaptation plans since 2008. We have developed a science-based framework called Whole Community Adaptation from this experience and are now sharing the framework widely. This science-based adaptation framework uses a highly collaborative, cross-sector approach to take advantage of local, ground level expertise and to ensure the best chance for implementation. Our poster will share the basic tenets of Whole Community Adaptation and how communities can get started on their adaptation work with a low entry cost.

Co-authors:
  • Geoff Weaver, Geos Institute
Poster # 11
Implementation of Climate Solutions: What Leads to Taking Meaningful Actions?
Gwen Griffith, Cumberland River Compact
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The urgent need for effective implementation of adaptation strategies is not being met by sufficient action. Even the best adaptation plans don’t always lead to action. Why is that? What are the obstacles? What’s the missing secret sauce that could lead to more implementation success stories? What about those who do succeed? What can we learn from what works? This poster will share program methods and outcomes designed to advance implementation success, including ways to overcome obstacles to taking action and foster meaningful implementation via education, public policy, and on-the-ground practices. The Climate Solutions University (CSU) Team will draw from 7 years of experience of facilitating adaptation planning and implementation of resilience strategies to share elements of success. A poster will review how elements of problem solving, capacity building, project management, impact consulting, and funding strategies helped to work across sectors and geographic regions with innovations to overcome obstacles. Shared learning will include examples of community leaders sharing real world implementation insights, lessons learned, and factors for success. Results will be informed by year-end evaluation findings for each of 7 years, including community outcomes, survey responses, and interviews with participating community leaders. The poster will review varying perspectives and spark dialogue on the following questions:

  • What defines effective implementation?
  • What elements or capacities are necessary to enable that success?
  • What are common implementation gaps, obstacles and lessons learned?
  • Beyond lack of time and money, what really gets in the way of taking action?
  • What actually works for accelerating implementation actions?
Co-authors:
  • Deb Kleinman, Model Forest Policy Program
  • Alyx Perry, Model Forest Policy Program
Poster # 12
Mapping Strongholds for Nature Under a Changing Climate in the Central U.S.
Kimberly R. Hall, The Nature Conservancy
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One of the most promising strategies available to help nature adapt to climate change is to conserve connected networks of resilient landscapes that capture the full range of abiotic site conditions. Networks in which resilient sites (e.g., intact sites with high internal microclimate variability) are linked by corridors that facilitate movement should maximize the ability of plants and animals to reach suitable climates. By supporting species adaptation in this way, we increase the odds that the widest variety of ecosystem functions and services necessary for supporting both wild species and people will be sustained. An approach to identifying such a network, which we refer to “Conserving Nature’s Stage” (CNS) has been developed by The Nature Conservancy, with support from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (DDCF). CNS has already been applied to ecoregions in the Northeast, Southeast, and Northwest regions of the US. Work is currently underway to conduct these analyses in 19 ecoregions within the Central US. On our poster, will provide details on our mapping approach, and show draft maps for the Great Plains and Great Lakes analysis regions. We will also bring example products from earlier assessments, and be ready to answer your questions on applications and integration with other datasets.

Co-authors:
  • Kimberly R Hall, The Nature Conservancy
  • Meredith Cornett, The Nature Conservancy
  • Mark Anderson, The Nature Conservancy
  • Marissa Ahlering, The Nature Conservancy
  • Arlene Olivero-Sheldon, The Nature Conservancy
  • Melissa Clark, The Nature Conservancy
  • Brad McRae, The Nature Conservancy
Poster # 13
Bureau of Indian Affairs Tribal Climate Resilience Program - Nationwide Showcase
Margaret T Herzog, BIA Tribal Climate Resilience Program
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This poster will showcase how each of the 12 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Tribal Climate Resilience Program (TCRP) Regional Points of Contact (POCs) works with Tribes throughout their geographic area to address diverse climate impacts. The purpose of the BIA TCRP is the mainstreaming of climate considerations at the project level through leadership engagement, delivery of data and tools, training and tribal capacity building. Direct funding supports tribes, tribal consortia, and authorized tribal organizations to plan for climate resilience through competitive awards for tribally designed climate training, adaptation planning, vulnerability assessments, supplemental monitoring, capacity building, and youth engagement. The ocean and coastal management effort supports planning, science and tools, and capacity for coastal tribe's ocean management.

Co-authors:
  • Harold Peterson, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Rachael Novak, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Matt Anderson, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Mark Kahklen, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Michael Miley, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Diane Mann-Klagner, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Harrilene Yazzie, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • David Redhorse, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • John Mosley, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Jarvis Gust, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Crystal Keys, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Joe Jojola, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Chip Lewis, Bureau of Indian Affairs
Poster # 14
Climate Adaptation for the Makah Tribe
Forrest L Howk, Makah Tribe
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The Makah Tribe is already experiencing the effects of climate change. We have seen decreased fish catch, drought conditions, and threats to the cultural and community livelihood for the tribe. Over the past few years, the Makah Tribe has prioritized climate change adaptation and mitigation actions. Though climate change is a global issue, the Makah Tribe is addressing our local scale effects in various ways. These activities include: completing a climate change impacts assessment and adaptation plan; re-vamping the Makah fishing fleet to be more sustainable; outfitting Makah vessels with oil spill response gear; creating community climate engagement and outreach plans; and engaging Makah youth and fishermen to be proactive in implementing the Makah Climate Adaptation Plan.

Co-authors:
  • Mike Chang, Makah Tribe
  • Laura Nelson, The Nature Conservancy
  • Forrest Howk, Makah Tribe
  • Katie Wrubel, Makah Tribe
  • Dana Sarff, Makah Tribe
  • Seraphina McGee, Makah Tribe
Poster # 15
How do Climate Science Boundary Organizations Matter to Local Climate Policy?
Alexander Davis Hurley, George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
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What role do top research universities and federal science agencies play as knowledge production centers that help to facilitate local climate change adaptation action? Do these “boundary organizations” - which straddle the boundary between science and policy - increase local climate adaptation activities through network connections? How do factors such as adaptation sector, geography, demographics, or organizational partnerships impact the diffusion of climate science to useable information? This project aims to answer these questions in order to gain a better understanding of how to deliver climate science to end users, specifically local governments, to whom the integration of climate science is challenging and may have limited capacity to respond. Data on climate boundary organizations was collected from public sources and has been combined with data from the Local Climate Change Policy (LCCP) project a survey of over 1,200 local governments climate actions across the United States. Data was analyzed using statistical and GIS methods in order to discern patterns of the relationships between boundary organizations and local government climate actions. Variables considered based on local government data include: proximity to boundary organization, levels of research spending, the impact of clusters of multiple boundary organizations, degree of climate threat, socio-economic status of local communities, and others. This research is of interest to those interested in the impact of boundary organizations on local community action and in the climate science production and diffusion process.

Co-authors:
  • Derek Kauneckis, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
  • Jackie Kloepfer, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
Poster # 16
Resilience AmeriCorps Training and Technical Assistance Program: Deploying federal climate resilience resources in local communities
Rachel Ilyse Jacobson, NOAA
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This session will explore the successes and challenges of deploying federal climate resilience resources in local communities, and gaining feedback on them through Resilience AmeriCorps’ multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral network. Federal agencies have produced a vast collection of tools and trainings to help local communities build climate resilience. However, Federal Agencies often face challenges to deploying and assessing the utility of those resources given that they are not often in direct contact with communities. NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management leads a federal inter-agency partnership in curriculum development, building coastal resilience capacity and training for the Resilience AmeriCorps program. Resilience AmeriCorps deploys AmeriCorps VISTA members to serve low-income communities across the country by developing plans and implementing projects that increase climate resilience capacity. Over the past year, we have trained over 100 AmeriCorps VISTA Members and community leaders working across 80 communities. This session will discuss the extent to which this effort has brought resources to communities, helped improve those resources, and equipped Resilience AmeriCorps members to effectively build climate resilience capacity in the communities they are serving. The session will present lessons learned relevant to practitioners looking to deploy national products on a local level, and anyone interested in national service as an adaptive capacity-building strategy.

Poster # 17
Evaluating County-Level Heat Vulnerability and Social Inequity in the United States through Climate and Socioeconomic Indices
Yoon Hui Kim, Four Twenty Seven
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Climate change will have many impacts on human health, perhaps most directly through extreme heat. High temperature and humidity combinations inhibit the body's ability to cool through physiological responses such as sweating. Together with extended periods of extreme heat and shifted seasonality, these conditions are particularly dangerous. Current research can be used to show where dangerous heat and humidity conditions are likely to be most prevalent, or where populations vulnerable to heat stress reside. To better assess overall heat vulnerability many factors, such as relative changes in temperature patterns or local socioeconomic conditions, must also be considered. Here, we utilize a multivariate approach to establish county-level risk scores by combining the most relevant indicators for heat vulnerability with climate model projections of wet bulb globe temperature, a metric useful for understanding how the human body will respond to high heat and humidity. 

We present our findings as an ESRI ArcOnline Story Map with data aggregated at the county-level in the continental United States. This format allows users to access maps showing county scores in four categories related to heat vulnerability: heat and humidity hazards, population vulnerability, medical access, and physical infrastructure. A final map showcases a composite heat vulnerability score for each county with comparisons to state and national averages. 

Our tool, part of the White House's Climate Data Initiative, is presented as a series of maps with a normalized scoring system to provide access to the indicators most relevant to evaluating local heat vulnerability. This readily available tool helps community decision makers communicate heat vulnerability and identify which factors are most critical to improving local resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Nik Steinberg, Four Twenty Seven
  • Colin Gannon, Four Twenty Seven
Poster # 18
Are we resilient? Comparing climate resiliency building efforts across the US
Christine Kirchhoff, University of Connecticut
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Water systems across the US are challenged to be more resilient to an uncertain and changing environment from heavy precipitation, more frequent drought, and sea level rise to changing socio-economic and development patterns, to changes in the supply and demand of water. Responding to these challenges, state agencies and community water systems are embarking on a variety of experiments to improve water system resilience. This presentation reviews these efforts to distill important lessons about how to improve resilience and about how to overcome challenges that states and systems may face in resilience building efforts.

Co-authors:
  • Julia Flagg, University of Connecticut
  • Christine Kirchhoff, University of Connecticut
  • Cristina Mullin, University of Connecticut
Poster # 19
Watching the waves: An analysis of climate policy responses by US coastal communities
Jacqueline Kloepfer, Ohio University
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The most direct unambiguous effects of climate change are those likely to impact coastal cities. Sea level rise presents a variety of challenges to coastal communities, from the necessity of flood protection measures, to salt water intrusion, and the revision of building codes and land use plans. Comparing climate policy activities across coastal cities presents the opportunity for examining the factors that lead to the prioritization of different types of climate risks, focus on specific sectors, the range of policy activities, and the level of their implementation. It presents a natural experiment where we can better understand what influences effective climate policies. This research uses data from the Local Climate Change Policies (LCCP) project, a survey of the climate policy activities of over 1,200 local government organizations along the US coastlines and overseas territories. The research analyzes the climate policy activities of all communities expected to be directly influenced by sea level rise and presents an analysis of the similarities and stark differences in community responses. It provides a guideline for learning from innovators in local government climate policies and a better understanding of what factors lead to different climate policy responses.

Co-authors:
  • Jacqueline E Kloepfer, Ohio University's Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
  • Lydia Ramlo, Ohio University
Poster # 20
Building Tribal Capacity for Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
Meade Krosby, University of Washington
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The future well-being of tribal communities relies on effectively anticipating and responding to climate impacts on natural and cultural resources. And yet, many tribes face difficulties initiating and completing the critical first step of the climate adaptation planning process: an assessment of locally-specific climate risks that accounts for the unique priorities, values, and concerns of individual tribes. We describe a new project designed to support climate change vulnerability assessment activities by Northwest and Great Basin tribes. The primary objectives of the project are to: 1) make the vulnerability assessment process more accessible to tribal staff by providing online guidance materials targeted to tribal needs and capacities; 2) address the demand for decision-relevant climate data by providing downscaled climate data and climate change summaries for tribes; and 3) support tribal staff through the vulnerability assessment process via workshops and webinars to provide training on the use of project resources and datasets, and by staffing a Tribal Climate Technical Support Desk to provide rapid response to questions about the vulnerability assessment process. We are conducting this effort in close consultation with tribal partners, and working with existing tribal knowledge-sharing networks to connect project resources to a broad range of tribal communities.

Co-authors:
  • Lara Whitely Binder, University of Washington
Poster # 21
Tools for Climate Change Adaptation: State Climate Summaries and New Climate Scenarios
Kenneth E. Kunkel, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
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The National Climate Assessment links science and decision making. In addition to producing quadrennial Assessment reports, the ongoing Sustained Assessment process encourages engagement between scientists and stakeholders across regions and sectors to facilitate the development of climate change adaptation tools. Due to growing demand for state-level information, a set of State Climate Summaries have been produced for all 50 U.S. states and new high-resolution climate scenarios are being produced for the upcoming Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4).

The State Climate Summaries provide stakeholders, decision makers, and informed non-scientists with up-to-date information on observed and projected climate changes and impacts. Future climate scenarios based on two possible greenhouse gas pathways present an internally consistent climate picture for every state to inform users about potential climate change impacts. The Summaries are available via an interactive website and as PDFs. Comprehensive analyses, metadata, and supplemental figures are also available.

New climate scenarios will serve as the basis of physical climate and impacts analyses for NCA4. They consist of simulations from CMIP5 and its derivatives, including Localized Constructed Analogs (LOCA) statistically downscaled simulations at daily, 1/16th degree resolution. LOCA-based scenarios comprise 30+ temperature and precipitation impacts-relevant metrics, including threshold, percentile, and degree days calculations. A Generalized Extreme Value analysis of the LOCA data provides estimates of changes in Intensity-Duration-Frequency relationships used in climate-adaptive infrastructure design.

Methods for incorporating risk-based framing are also being developed to provide information relevant for climate change risk assessment, specifically with regard to extremes, worst-case scenarios, and thresholds.

Co-authors:
  • David R. Easterling, NOAA NCEI
  • Laura E. Stevens, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Sarah M. Champion, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Liqiang Sun, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Rebekah Frankson, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Jennifer D. Runkle, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • James C. Biard, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Brooke C. Stewart, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Andrew L. Buddenberg, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Thomas K. Maycock, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Jessicca Griffin, CICS-NC/NC State/NOAA NCEI
  • Sara Veasey, NOAA NCEI
Poster # 22
Building a Resilient Community through Data & a Dashboard: Nashua, NH's Experience
Kim Lundgren, Kim Lundgren Associates, Inc.
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There is a lot of pressure on local governments today to transition to a more citizen centric form of service delivery that is transparent, holds the government accountable, and provides an easy pathway for community members to be actively involved in decision making. In many ways, this is a shift towards a more resilient community. For many local government leaders, however, limited staff and budgets make it difficult to even think about, let alone take preemptive action to create a more resilient community.
Having experienced significant floods followed by serious drought, the City of Nashua, NH has certainly been feeling the impacts of climate change. Without a budget for a vulnerability assessment or adaptation plan, a resourceful Community Development Director leveraged an online dashboard to build the foundation for a more livable, sustainable, resilient Nashua. The dashboard, developed by Kim Lundgren Associates, Inc. is a communications platform that translates data points into a compelling story by explaining why we care about each metric, how we measure it, where we are now, and where we want to be in the future. By displaying the data in multiple ways, and putting it into context through equivalencies, comparisons, and infographics, community members can easily connect with the data in a way they feel most comfortable. Community members are then introduced to three simple calls to action, allowing them to play an active role in building a resilient community.

This poster presentation will highlight Nashua’s experience in the first year.

Co-authors:
  • Kim Lundgren, Kim Lundgren Associates, Inc.
  • Sarah Marchant, City of Nashua, NH
Poster # 23
Climate Change Communication: Sharing Science, Tools, and Adaptation Actions Online
Kailey Marcinkowski, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
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Effective climate change communication is important for understanding and acting on climate change, and communicating through an online platform offers different opportunities for sharing climate change information. The USDA Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) is a national online resource that connects natural resource managers with science-based information and tools concerning climate change and ecosystem management options. This online portal communicates credible and relevant climate change information in a quick and easy way for busy land managers by sharing science, tools, and adaptation actions.

The CCRC uses its online platform to share science through its peer-reviewed topic pages, which deliver brief summaries of specific topics in natural resource science and management related to climate change. Short summaries cater to busy professionals, but there are also opportunities to explore more details with recommended readings, links, and other resources. Climate change tools are summarized and shared through a curated list that is intended to help land managers incorporate climate change and carbon stewardship into decision-making. Because many land managers are moving forward in considering climate change in their management planning and on-the-ground actions, the CCRC shares adaptation actions by continually expanding the adaptation examples section. This section highlights how researchers and managers are working together to address climate change at many different scales and provides examples for peer-to-peer learning.

Co-authors:
  • Kailey Marcinkowski, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Hannah Abbotts, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Chris Swanston, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Shawn Klomparens, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
Poster # 24
USDA Forest Service Climate Change Education: Interactive modules designed for everyone
Kailey Marcinkowski, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
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Clear, engaging, and scientifically accurate climate education is the first step to incorporating climate change into everyday actions. The USDA Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) has created online climate change education modules focused on interactive learning experiences in order to reach wide audiences. These modules are designed to provide a basis for beginning learners and also to expand the knowledge of more advanced learners through interactive features.

The online modules were designed as a three-part series to help address the need for materials to help fulfill requirements for climate change education within the Forest Service and beyond. Together, the three modules cover a range of topics: climate change science and modeling, climate change effects on forests and grasslands, and adaptation responses to climate change in forest ecosystems. All modules can be completed in approximately 20 minutes, each contains a regionally-relevant activity, and with completion of the activity a certificate of module completion is generated.

The CCRC originally created the modules for online viewing, but the modules can be utilized in other formats as well. Forest Service National Forest units are using the modules to educate their employees, and other groups and government agencies have adapted the module to suit their needs. In particular, the CCRC has partnered with the U.S. Navy to use the basic climate change module in Navy environmental training courses. We hope to collaborate with others interested in climate change education to adapt these modules and associated materials for new users, and settings.

Co-authors:
  • Kailey Marcinkowski, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Hannah Abbotts, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Chris Swanston, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
Poster # 25
Shifting Vulnerability: Quantifying the Success of Buyout Programs, 
A Staten Island Case Study
Devon J McGhee, Duke University
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An increasingly common post-disaster mitigation approach, home buyout programs are generally intended to reduce vulnerability to future disasters. However, to date, there has been no quantitative evaluation of whether or not coastal buyout programs are successful in reducing vulnerability. Through a change in vulnerability analysis, this study quantifies the success of the Staten Island buyout program in reducing the national vulnerability of people and property to coastal flood hazards. Results show an increase in overall vulnerability, which includes exposure and social vulnerability, for 99% of the buyout participants studied. Buyout participants tend to relocate within five miles of their origin address, move to areas with higher levels of poverty, higher population density and greater percentages of individuals over 65. Given these results, it remains unclear whether the program met its objective of reducing the vulnerability of people and property to coastal flood hazards.

Poster # 26
The Collider: Turning Climate Risks Into Business Opportunities
James McMahon, The Collider
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Business at its core is solving people's problems for a profit. The significant problems that businesses and communities face in adapting to the current and future climate therefore represent a potential for significant profit. In this session, we explore the value chain from data to information to expertise and decision support, examining the types of business opportunities along the way. We will present techniques and case studies for accelerating the development and success of resilient solutions, collected through the past year of experience operating The Collider, a nonprofit innovation center for climate in Asheville, North Carolina. Techniques and case studies will highlight the role of public-private-academic partnerships, the catalytic role of nonprofits, the use of traditional startup acceleration approaches, and real-world examples of creating economic value by investing in resilience and through resilience in investments.

Co-authors:
  • James McMahon, The Collider
Poster # 27
Minnesota GreenStep Cities: A Model for Advancing Climate Adaptation and Community Resilience Through Best Practices
Laura Millberg, MN Pollution Control Agency
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Minnesota GreenStep Cities Program is one of the nation's leading sustainability programs, providing a framework of best practices to help more than 100 cities meet goals to improve the quality of life in their communities.

Climate change in Minnesota means an increased risk of flooding, extreme weather events, prolonged heatwaves, ecological disruptions, and more. GreenStep Cities helps cities plan and prepare for extreme events, adapt to changing climatic conditions, and foster stronger community connectedness and social and economic vitality. Best practice actions are designed to help cities incorporate climate resilience and adaptation in planning, operations, and budgeting; complete vulnerability assessments; minimize impact to the built and natural environments; protect water supply; and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

GreenStep Cities is the most robust city sustainability program in the Midwest, delivering sustainable and resilience actions at scale. As states in the heartland face many of the same climatic challenges, this program can serve as a guide beyond Minnesota. The program’s best practice actions are replicable and available to support communities that may not otherwise have access to a statewide program.

Many GreenStep Cities best practices provide co-benefits to reduce risk, enhance public amenities, decrease GHG emissions, strengthen air and water quality, and reduce vulnerabilities of our region’s residents.

Co-authors:
  • Abby Finis, Great Plains Institute
  • Dan Thiede, Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs)
Poster # 28
Enabling Local Governments to Optimize Resources for Resilience: Introducing the Climate Response Planning Process
Sam P Milton, Climate Resources Group
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In resiliency planning, disconnects between the engineering world and the political world often lead to underfunded or ineffective emergency preparedness programs. Our Climate Response Planning Process gives local government officials, elected officials and community leaders valuable insights into their climate change related preparedness gaps. Through this process and a follow-on community-specific Capacity Assessment Report (CAR), communities are better able to prioritize relevant infrastructure and social capital projects to maximize resiliency investments.

Climate Resources Group starts by reviewing preparedness at the individual level, then moves up through the household unit, the immediate neighborhood, the larger community and on to local, state and federal government resiliency and adaptation capabilities, plus those of relevant NGOs, faith-based organizations and professional response corporations. Using the most recent research on cognitive functioning and communication strategies, we help stakeholders organize, digitalize and quantify the resiliency and adaptation concerns that are most relevant to their unique circumstances. By drawing on large-scale climate change models and emergency planning and disaster preparedness studies, the Climate Response Planning Process allows these same stakeholders to put their particular concerns in the larger context of an unknown but threatening future of persistent and unpredictable climate emergencies.

Finally, by providing a planning process that cuts across both engineering and politics, we offer the government official, professional engineer, career politician or the stay-at-home-mom relevant and impactful insights where their real-life experiences and needs meet the budget constraints, time limitations and political and engineering realities of existing adaptation efforts.

Co-authors:
  • Craig Kelley, Climate Resources Group
Poster # 29
Use of Web Applications to Incorporate Climate Change Impacts into Inland Hydrologic Analysis
Chanel Mueller, USACE
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Scientific evidence shows that in some places, certain variables critical to the design and evaluation of water resources projects are being impacted by climate change and anthropogenic watershed modifications in a way that is undermining the fundamental assumption of stationarity typically applied in accepted hydrologic design practices. To start to address how water resources engineers can incorporate techniques that account for non-stationary hydro-meteorological records into analyses, the U.S Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has released technical guidance in the form of an Engineering Construction Bulletin (ECB) and an Engineering Technical Letter (ETL) related to the identification of both observed changes, as well as potential future changes in hydro-climatic conditions. In addition to the written guidance, the USACE has developed three web applications, along with a scientific literature synthesis that will make it easier for water resources professionals to both obtain and apply the techniques described in the guidance in a technically correct, timely and reproducible manner.
Additional Notes: The web applications being presented have been developed by the USACE Climate Change Preparedness and Resilience Community of Practice. We would also like to acknowledge the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Institute for Water Resources role in making the tools for analysis freely available at http://corpsclimate.us/.

Co-authors:
  • Bryan Baker, USACE
  • Ann Banitt, USACE
Poster # 30
Transitioning Appalachia to a Sustainable Future – Adapting to New Energy Economies
Jonathan Allen Norris, Ohio University, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
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What framework conditions need to be established for communities reliant on coal to transition toward carbon-constrained, economically-diverse, sustainable futures? What groundwork must be laid in terms of strengthened innovation economies, access to financial and physical capital, enhanced human capital, and supportive policy frameworks? This presentation will uncover transition pathways toward new local economies that are diverse and sustainable for communities historically dependent on coal. Central Appalachia is examined as a case through a mix of quantitative and qualitative analysis. Since 2007, electricity generation from coal-fired power plants has been on the decline. At the same time, natural gas has surpassed coal as the nation’s leader in fuel for utility-scale generation. Consequently, historically coal-dependent communities in the Central Appalachian region have been forced to adapt to the nation’s evolving energy system. Additionally, a legacy of environmental issues, social issues, and non-diversified economies stemming from the region’s history with extractive industry places significant burdens on these communities’ abilities to adapt. This presentation examines framework conditions that support the region’s transition toward more sustainable futures. This work will provide an analytical framework for understanding directions forward for rural economies with a history of resource extraction.

Co-authors:
  • Derek Kauneckis, Ohio University, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
Poster # 31
Tribal Climate Science Liaisons- and Introduction to the New Initiative
Rachael Novak, Bureau of Indian Affairs
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The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the USGS are collaborating with tribal organizations to place tribal climate science liaisons in the Department of Interior's Climate Science Centers. This new initiative is intended to enhance the climate science delivery, communication, and collaboration between the partners: tribes, tribal organizations, and federal agencies, for climate resilience building across Indian Country and Native Alaskan communities. This presentation will focus on the introduction of the liaisons (recently hired in 2017) and their tribal engagement strategies to better understand and address tribal climate science needs in their respective regions.

Co-authors:
  • Rachael Novak, Bureau of Indian Affairs
Poster # 32
Forest adaptation in action: lessons learned from regional climate adaptation projects
Todd A Ontl, Northern institute of Applied Climate Science
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Knowledge of potential ecosystem climate change effects provides natural resource professionals with a growing body of information on how the systems that they manage may respond. This information can become overwhelming, and it is often unclear how much can be incorporated into management planning and activities. The Climate Change Response Framework (www.forestadaptation.org) is a structured approach developed to provide managers with access to usable information and resources regarding climate change and facilitate their application through on-the-ground management. The Adaptation Workbook process assists managers in creating plans with prescriptions that enhance ecosystem adaptability while simultaneously addressing site-specific management goals.
To date, more than 165 adaptation demonstration projects have been developed on federal, state, tribal, county, conservancy, university, and private lands within the Midwest and Northeast through the Adaptation Workbook. This presentation will provide an overview of the resources that have been developed through the Framework, including the Adaptation Workbook, and describe forest adaptation efforts that are underway. Drawing upon the existing network of demonstration projects, we examine the influences of regional location, forest type, and organizational characteristics on adaptation while discussing concerns, barriers, and opportunities common across many projects. These analyses highlight the characteristics of adaptation projects that are well-poised to increase the ability to adapt to future conditions.

Co-authors:
  • Todd A Ontl, USDA Northern Forests Climate Hub
  • Maria Janowiak, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Stephen Handler, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Leslie Brandt, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Patricia Butler, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
  • Danielle Shannon, USDA Northern Forests Climate Hub
  • Chris Swanston, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science, USDA Northern Forests Climate Hub
Poster # 33
Connecting Science and Decision Making in Natural Areas Recreation
Wincenty M Pawlowski, Association for the Tree of Life http://www.tree-of-life.works/
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Recreation is a fundamental component of human culture and the economy. This poster presents ways in which recreation can be reconsidered in discussions of climate change. Ecosystems that support outdoor recreation can be significantly altered, extreme climatic conditions can affect plant and animal health, and extreme weather events can limit human outdoor activity. Projections indicate global temperatures will rise and precipitation will shift from historical conditions to less predictable regimes. These projected changes affect recreation and the economies recreation supports. Recreation should be included as a topic in future national and regional assessment synthesis reports. Climate change impacts on regional recreation in the US is demonstrated using the National Park Service and Forest Service as case studies. Peer-reviewed and agency literature suggest that the impact of projected climate change on US recreation needs further scrutiny. Federal land management approaches to identifying, measuring, and managing climate change–induced recreation impacts are developing, but remain fragmented at the local and regional scale. Opportunities to address and improve research efforts can be found at the intersection of climate change, decision making and outdoor recreation.

Poster # 34
Perception of Time and Climate Warming
Hugh Gilbert Peach, Adapt Global Inc.
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Using heating degree day information from SEATAC and an average of climate models plus simple regression for projection we isolate the warming trend line and show cycles of warming. We then look at project length and perception of when to take the climate trend into account. The presentation is oriented towards the utility sector and is based on ordinary statistical analysis and the question of perception.

Co-authors:
  • Hugh Gilbert Peach, Adjust.Global Inc.
  • Crystal Raymond, Seattle City Light
Poster # 35
Climate Adaptation Toolkit for Fisheries Management
Alex Score, EcoAdapt
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Climate change is affecting marine and coastal ecosystems in the United States, including commercial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries and aquaculture. Climate change, in addition to other regional pressures, is having and will continue to have effects on all aspects of fisheries, including fish production, essential fish habitats, and fishing-dependent communities. Fisheries managers are tasked with applying scientific and conservation principles in order to sustainably exploit fish stocks while minimizing negative effects on fish habitats, often despite uncertainty. Climate change and ocean acidification will add an additional layer of complexity in balancing the extraction and conservation of fish stocks. The extent to which these changes occur and how quickly they become manifest depends on the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the vulnerability and level of preparedness in natural and human systems. Fisheries managers may need to modify existing policies and management strategies in order to minimize or take advantage of actual and projected climatic changes and acidification impacts. This "Climate Adaptation Toolkit for Fisheries Management" Dashboard on CAKEx.org (http://www.cakex.org/dashboard/fisheries-toolkit) provides articles, tools, and case studies related to climate change, ocean acidification, and fisheries to support management and decision making.

Co-authors:
  • Rachel Gregg, EcoAdapt
  • Lara Hansen, EcoAdapt
Poster # 36
USDA's Climate Hubs: Building Landscape-Level Resilience in a Changing Climate
Rachel Steele, USDA
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The Climate Hubs develop and deliver science-based information and technologies to natural resource and agricultural managers so they can make better management decisions, informed by climate projections and resource vulnerabilities, and using best approaches to reduce risk. The Hubs work across USDA and Federal Agencies to ensure that their partners (forest owners, farmers, and ranchers) will have useful and usable information about expected changes to climate and associated natural hazards when making their strategic and implementation management decisions.

Co-authors:
  • Rachel Steele, USDA
  • Dan Lawson, USDA
Poster # 37
Understanding Ecosystem Services through an Organizational and Policy Analysis: Application to the Truckee-Carson River System
Azamat Tashev, George Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
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Integrative modeling continues to present significant hurdles towards improving our applied knowledge of how to manage socio-ecological systems under conditions of change. This presentation proposes that the concept of ecosystem services offers a potential mechanism for linking human agency and decision making to ecological systems across multiple governance scales and under different climate change scenarios. Based on organizational and policy analysis it presents a framework for how decisions can be linked to environmental models through the institutional structures that generate ecosystem services. Using the Truckee-Carson River system in the western United States as an applied example, we illustrate how analyzing the policy subsystems around water management and the variety of diverse decision making agents can be associated with provisioning and production of specific ecosystem services along the river system. Additionally, organizational analysis through the lens of ecosystems-based management allows exploring the potential opportunities and pitfalls for cross-sector and cross-jurisdiction coordination. This analysis can be spatially referenced in order to integrate decision sciences with models of both the built and natural systems. This framework offers a methodology for conducting comparative research across river basins, improving the integration of natural sciences with the study of local policy subsystems, and developing a better understanding of the dynamic of how humans in complex decision making environments interact with natural systems.

Co-authors:
  • Derek Kauneckis, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
  • Maureen McCarthy, Academy for the Environment, University of Nevada, Reno
  • Loretta Singletary, Cooperative Extension and Department of Economics, University of Nevada, Reno
  • Karen Simpson, Department of Political Science, University of Nevada, Reno
  • Kelley Sterle, Graduate Program of Hydrologic Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno
  • Jacqueline Kloepfer, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
Poster # 38
Tough Question! Using Real World Scenarios to Teach Effective Climate and Risk Communication Techniques
Sarah Watson, Bloustein School for Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University
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Effectively communicating about climate change, flood and sea level rise risks requires far more than just the facts. Risk perception is individual and understanding individual perspectives helps make communication far more effective. To help coastal officials and others learn more about these techniques, as well as find creative ways to practice and perfect delivery, we developed a new one-day in-person training. The training includes an interactive activity based on real world scenarios and applies multi-disciplinary social science and risk communication research. Participants use fictional profiles to respond to commonly asked questions that often stump professionals during high-pressure situations. The activity was developed in a partnership with NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management, the Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve, and the New Jersey Coastal Management Program. The training will debut in a June, 2017 pilot in New Jersey. This poster highlights some of the key components of the activity.

Co-authors:
  • Stephanie Fauver, Office for Coastal Management, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Poster # 39
Blue Carbon Modeling: Mapping and Valuating the Carbon Sequestration Potential of Coastal Habitats
Jessica Williams, Center for Ocean Solutions
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Coastal habitats, despite their small global extent, provide important carbon sequestration benefits, among many other ecosystem goods and services. However, climate impacts and coastal development pressures threaten these habitats and their provision of services. To support decisionmakers in effectively allocating limited resources for managing coastal ecosystems, the Center for Ocean Solutions is leveraging the best available data to map and value California’s blue carbon—carbon sequestration and storage potential in coastal habitats. By identifying carbon stock and “hotspots” of carbon sequestration we can assist managers in prioritizing locations for conservation and restoration to successfully manage overall carbon budgeting, ocean acidification mitigation, and other ecosystem services. Our team is engaging with state management agency staff and local scientific, legal, and policy experts in California to provide science-based information on the role of blue carbon that is relevant to local and regional climate adaptation decisions. We will present our findings from a recent case study conducted in Elkhorn Slough along California’s central coast, in which we demonstrate the application of a new flexible and iterative decision-support tool that aids managers in adaptively managing the coastline. Our modeling efforts yielded maps of carbon stock and value within a network of marine protected areas, showing over 40,000 tonnes of CO2 stored and a value of over $200,000 in state protected areas. Through this approach, we can guide resource prioritization efforts as scientists and managers effectively engage on the role of blue carbon in climate change policy and management at various scales.

Co-authors:
  • Lisa Wedding, Center for Ocean Solutions
  • Eric Hartge, Center for Ocean Solutions
  • Jesse Reiblich, Center for Ocean Solutions
  • Monica Moritsch, Center for Ocean Solutions
  • Gregg Verutes, Natural Capital Project
Poster # 40
Climate Planning through the Resilient Chicago Initiative
Molly Woloszyn, IL-IN Sea Grant/Midwestern Regional Climate Center
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The Resilient Chicago initiative helps decision makers in the greater Chicago metropolitan region incorporate climate adaptation into local planning efforts through workshops, direct stakeholder engagement, partnerships, and the development of tools and other resources. The Resilient Chicago initiative is led by the extension climate specialist with Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant (IISG) and the Midwestern Regional Climate Center (MRCC). This presentation will provide a brief overview of efforts within the Resilient Chicago initiative currently and over the last 2 years. It will highlight a workshop in July 2015 that provided information to 80 local attendees on urban flood management through green infrastructure planning and the American Planning Association (APA)’s No Adverse Impact approach. The presentation will also discuss the development and availability of a new online Flood Vulnerability Assessment for Critical Facilities. While developed and piloted with the Cook County Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, the Flood Vulnerability Assessment was developed for use across the Central U.S. Finally, the presentation will also highlight Resilient Chicago partnerships, resources, and a briefly highlight a new joint project with the American Planning Association (APA) and the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning.

Co-authors:
  • Molly Woloszyn, IL-IN Sea Grant/Midwestern Regional Climate Center
Poster # 41
Understanding How Regionality Impacts Public Health: An Analysis of Urban Climate Change Policy
Kerri Yandrich, State of Delaware
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As climate change planning (CCP) has become more common, so too has the range and diversity of initiatives to address current and future impacts. Two emerging emphases drive the proliferation and variation in CCP: The work that local governments are undertaking to plan for climate change, and the prompt to develop adaptation strategies alongside mitigation efforts. Municipal CCP must address specific dynamics of the local context, including city infrastructure, urban and regional ecology, local communities, as well as existing sociopolitical capabilities and vulnerabilities. In this poster, we provide an analytic frame for cross-city comparison that helps show emerging best practices and patterns across a diverse field of emerging policy. Specifically, our an analytic extends beyond technocratic, economic, and resource-based initiatives solely, to assess how CCP attends to the relationship between environmental and infrastructural dynamics and public health vulnerabilities. Public health vulnerabilities are often poorly addressed in city CCP; in our study, we found that local CCPs may refer to public health issues but often without reference to data, or concrete strategies to address existing vulnerabilities. In this poster, we draw data from city CCP to show how municipalities attend to heat related illness, extreme weather events, poor air quality, and other climate change dynamics that will impact public health. Our poster focuses on regional, infrastructural, political, and demographic differences in the U.S. context. Analysis is based on a review of CCP documents in the 100 most populated U.S. metropolitan statistical areas between 2008 and 2016.

Co-authors:
  • Alison Kenner, Drexel University

International

Poster # 42
Incorporating Evolutionary Considerations into Climate Adaptation Plans: A Decision Framework
Andrew Battles, USGS, NCCWSC
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Evolutionary adaptive capacity (EVAC) is the ability of organisms to adapt to changing environments through natural selection. Because environmental conditions are highly susceptible to global climate change, and other stressors, it is important to assess potential changes in the fitness of species’ phenotypes between current and future conditions. However, assessment efforts often exclude evolutionary considerations, potentially resulting in inaccurate measures of vulnerability and misguided decisions related to implementation of appropriate management strategies. After a series of meetings with both practitioners and scientists to discover knowledge gaps and identify priorities for evolutionary-based management, the need for more information on EVAC-related practices became apparent. This knowledge gap includes the lack of understanding of often complex evolutionary concepts, limited examples of successful EVAC management, and few assessments of how current management practices benefit or harm the EVAC for a species. Therefore, we initiated development of a decision tree that seeks to address these gaps by outlining important considerations for designing management plans that incorporate a species’ or populations’ evolutionary adaptive potential. Each topic and pathway has support in the scientific and management literature, but also presents opportunities for collaboration where information lacks, or where taxa-specific research is needed. Using this tool, managers can proceed with management plans that do not overlook evolutionary outcomes, allowing for more efficient usage of funds and resources. While this poster presents an outline and framework, the vision is that this decision tree, along with literature reviews and management suggestions, will become available as an online and interactive resource.

Co-authors:
  • Laura Thompson, U.S. Geological Survey, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center
Poster # 43
Using phenology to assess species vulnerability for climate adaptation planning
Stephan P Carlson, U of MN
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There is a critical need to assess risk and vulnerability of species to effect climate change. We examined species sensitivity to changing climate using citizen collected phenology data (i.e., recording timing of biological events such as migration, leafing and flowering) from Minnesota. We analyzed several historical datasets to identify phenological trends through time and correlated them with temperature/climate data. Our results show the phenology of some species is responding to changes in climate (e.g. earlier bud break or bird migration in spring), while other species are not responding, despite evidence of earlier springs, prolonged autumns, and milder winters. The biology and phenological plasticity of a particular species may explain these responses. For example, bud break in trembling aspen is very sensitive to spring temperatures, leafing earlier in warmer/earlier springs. In contrast, red maple may delay bud break in earlier springs because of a strong winter chilling requirement (i.e. accumulation of the number of cold winter days) that isn’t met during mild winters . For trees, early leafing and flowering may make the tree more vulnerable to spring frosts. For birds, changes in arrival times can affect nest site habitat, food availability, and overall fitness. We used historical data collected by citizen naturalists to quantify the effect of past climate change on several native species and we used these results to assess and predict species vulnerability to future climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Rebecca Montgomery, U of MN Forestry Dept.
  • Christopher Buyarski, U of MN Forestry Dept.
Poster # 44
Accelerating Nature-Based Solutions for 'Negative Emissions' and other Benefits
Ellie M Cohen, Point Blue Conservation Science
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Human-caused impacts on ecosystems, from changes in land-use to climate, are accelerating, already exceeding some planetary boundaries or tipping points. The speed and severity of environmental change pose unprecedented challenges to wildlife and human communities. While life as we know it is totally reliant on nature’s services to sustain us, public policy- globally, nationally and regionally- is only recently beginning to recognize and prioritize the value of adding nature-based approaches to the climate-change solutions tool box. Climate-smart restoration and conservation management approaches that not only maintain but accelerate the production of benefits from functioning ecosystems, such as carbon sequestration ("negative emissions"), replenishing groundwater, enhancing biodiversity and sustaining our communities, are required to secure our future. Examples of innovative and climate-smart conservation practice from the Sierra Nevada to the Pacific Ocean will be shared. The presentation will conclude with a hopeful vision for our future.

Co-authors:
  • Grant Ballard, PhD, Point Blue Conservation Science
Poster # 45
Education for Adaptation in the Republic of the Marshall Islands
Daniel Fahey, Independent Consultant
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The Republic of the Marshall Islands, a sovereign nation in eastern Micronesia consisting of 1,225 islets, is extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change. By some estimates, the likelihood of submersion due to sea level rise, saltwater contamination of freshwater supplies, and other effects may make the nation uninhabitable by 2100. An additional challenge for Marshall Islanders is the end of the Compact of Free Association (COFA) in 2023. Through COFA, the United States government funds health and education programs in the Marshall Islands, and affords opportunities for Marshall Islanders to work and reside in the USA. There are already more than 22,000 Marshall Islanders living in the USA, and as a result of climate change and the impending end of COFA, tens of thousands of people may migrate to Hawaii and the continental United States.

The University of Hawaii is developing a peer-to-peer experiential education program in the Marshall Islands focused on climate change, environmental security, One Health, and disaster risk reduction, to offset projected education and health challenges. The initial phase of this project will take place in June 2017, when students from University of Hawaii, the College of the Marshall Islands, the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and Tufts University meet in the Marshall Islands to develop plans for measuring and adapting to climate change impacts, and to develop relevant curricula for Marshall Islander students. Subsequent phases will establish international links to support health and educational programming beyond the expiration of COFA.

Co-authors:
  • Gregg Nakano, University of Hawaii
Poster # 46
Issue Linkage: Mainstreaming Gender in Adaptation Finance
Peder Garnaas-Halvorson, University of Minnesota
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The United Nations Environment Programme’s estimated global cost for climate change adaptation is $280-500 billion annually by 2050. In this context, it is imperative for countries to increase their ambition toward adaptation financing and for funding to be used as efficiently and effectively as possible. However, measuring adaptation finance and its impact is difficult because adaptation and resilience are highly linked with other socio-economic issues, making adaptation and development difficult to differentiate. Among issues formally linked to adaptation funding, gender has received much attention from various multilateral climate funds. This linkage is in reaction to studies in development, which find that including women stakeholders leads to improved project outcomes and that women can be important change agents. Therefore, effective gender mainstreaming in adaptation ought to both improve livelihoods for women and add value to the adaptation process in general. Multilateral funds at the UNFCCC and World Bank directly addressing adaptation (AF, GCF, SCCF, LDCF, and PPCR) have a range of policies on mainstreaming gender in the projects they fund. This study compares these policies and how they are implemented at the project level. We will review project proposals from across adaptation funds to explore how gender is integrated in the planning process and how this is related to policies from different funding bodies. This study does not give a definitive answer to the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming in adaptation financing, but starts the conversation of how to effectively link gender to adaptation in the interest of efficiently using limited resources.

Co-authors:
  • Peder Garnaas-Halvorson, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota
  • Gabriel Chan, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota
Poster # 47
The Staying Connected Initiative: Linking People and Nature across Two Nations
Melissa Gaydos, National Wildlife Federation
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The Staying Connected Initiative (SCI) is a binational collaboration of over thirty public and private partners working together to restore and enhance landscape connectivity across the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada, for the benefit of nature and people. The forests of this region, home to over five million people and uncounted millions of animals, are globally significant as the most intact temperate broadleaf forest in the world. Yet the region is not immune to challenges posed by climate change and habitat fragmentation from new development and expanding roads. As the climate changes, a connected landscape comprised of large core forest blocks along with forested corridors between them will be essential, as it will allow species to move in search of suitable habitat while also sustaining the human livelihoods and values dependent upon a thriving forest.

SCI partners include transportation and natural resource agencies, universities, and conservation organizations. Partners work across borders and at many different scales to habitat connectivity, along with the many ecological, social, and economic benefits of a healthy, connected, resilient landscape. SCI’s innovative approach includes six key facets: (1) conservation science to identify important areas to focus our work, (2) targeted land protection of priority parcels, (3) assistance with land use planning to maintain connectivity, (4) community outreach and engagement to build awareness and action on the ground, (5) cost-effective transportation mitigation to keep roads safe for wildlife and people, and (6) advancement of policy solutions focused on connectivity from local to regional levels.

Co-authors:
  • Melissa Gaydos, National Wildlife Federation
  • Jessica Levine, The Nature Conservancy
  • Phil Huffman, The Nature Conservancy
  • Jens Hawkins-Hilke, Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department
Poster # 48
Wetlands or Walls? Engaging the Private Sector in Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Allie Goldstein, Conservation International
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Globally, adaptation finance is falling more than an order of magnitude short of the $300 billion that United Nations Environment Program says will be needed annually by 2030. At the same time, nature-based solutions receive just 2% of climate-related investment – despite the significant resilience benefits that ecosystems such as cloud forests, wetlands, and mangroves provide. Public sector coffers alone will not be able to close these twin gaps; the private sector must be part of the conversation.

A year-long project underway at Conservation International (CI) seeks to answer the question: Why and through what pathways should private sector actors engage in scaling up and financing ecosystem-based adaptation? The research includes an analysis of almost 2,000 companies’ CDP disclosures to understand the climate risks they face and whether/how they are addressing them – through hard infrastructure, ‘soft’ strategies such as disaster planning or shifting procurement, or ecosystem protection and management. We then identify the most promising actions that companies are taking or could take on ecosystem-based adaptation, including a suite of potential financing mechanisms: payment for ecosystem services, climate bonds, climate-inclusive insurance mechanisms, Green Climate Fund proposals, and more. The project draws on CI’s experiences working with major companies through our Center for Environmental Leadership in Business. The presentation will focus on the climate risks that U.S.-based companies face and their opportunities to engage in ecosystem-based adaptation both at headquarters and throughout their (often global) operations and supply chains.

Co-authors:
  • Allie Goldstein, Conservation International
Poster # 49
Climate change vulnerability and human migration
Martina Grecequet, University of Minnesota Institute on Environment
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Climate change is altering weather patterns and ecological processes in ways that are consequential for many human population processes, including migration. The climate-migration relationship depends critically on the differential vulnerability of populations and places to climate change. As migration is increasingly part of major international climate and development policy framework, global perspectives on the vulnerability-migration relationship are urgently needed given growing threats to natural resources and ecosystem services, as well as persistent economic inequalities. However, beyond specific case studies, little is known about the relationship between climate change and vulnerability and migration in global perspective. We combine the 2010 vulnerability score of the Country Index of the Global Adaptation Initiative at the University of Notre Dame with recently updated international migration flow data covering the 2010-2015 period. We provide a descriptive, country-level portrait of the association between climate vulnerability and international migration.

Co-authors:
  • Jack DeWaard, University of Minnesota
  • Jessica Hellmann, University of Minnesota IonE
Poster # 50
After the Vulnerability Assessment: Identifying Adaptation Strategies and Using Benefit-Cost Analysis from a Planner’s Perspective
Timothy Grose, Cambridge Systematics
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Public agencies, private entities, and other stakeholders have progressed considerably in assessing vulnerabilities to climate change on a regional, or “macroscopic”, scale and in identifying adaptation options for individual assets at a “microscopic” scale. Linking these two processes is a critical aspect of effective adaptation planning.

Drawing from the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) recent Post Hurricane Sandy Resilience Study, this presentation will demonstrate the vulnerability and adaptation process at the “mesoscopic” scale, emphasizing the adaptation portion of the process. Specifically, it will describe how organizations can develop shortlists of adaptation strategies and perform planning-level benefit-cost analysis to help understand the economics of different adaptation alternatives. Using the Climate Adaptation Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) tool developed as part of the Post-Sandy study or similar instrument, practitioners can and should experiment with different types of adaptation solutions before moving into engineering-level studies and designs. Insights stemming from the BCAs conducted for this study will be shared. BCA-related topics covered will include costs of disruption versus damage, investment timing, social costs, and risk tolerance. While the Post-Sandy study focused mostly on transportation, this presentation will discuss the process and analysis from a cross-sector perspective.

Co-authors:
  • Timothy Grose, Cambridge Systematics
Poster # 51
Developing a Rapid Vulnerability Assessment Tool
Lara Hansen, EcoAdapt
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Understanding the climate change vulnerability of a site, resources or services is necessary in order to develop effective adaptation strategies. However, it is also important that climbing this rung of the Adaptation Ladder of Engagement not cause unnecessary delay in implementation of a climate-informed process. Often decision-making is required on an immediate timescale and requires sufficient understanding of the implications of climate change. We have developed a Rapid Vulnerability Assessment Tool to fill this gap. While this tool can be modified for application to any system or topic by replacing the choice sets (subject, relevant non-climate stressors, additional climate stresses), in this example we have tested it with marine protected area managers in Mexico, the United States and Canada. The tool was used not only to identify vulnerabilities within each site but to highlight common vulnerabilities among sites with a goal of identifying potential collaborative adaptation strategies across sites. Here we share a sample application of the tool and its five steps, as well as the results of the test application.

Co-authors:
  • Eric Mielbrecht, EcoAdapt
  • Sara Hutto, Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary
Poster # 52
Network Weaving to Build Resilience and Better Cope with Shocks
Margaret T Herzog, BIA Tribal Climate Resilience Program
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No matter the culture or class, networks tend to develop with those in closest proximity with the most in common with us. However, this is often a poor way to maximize collaboration and resource sharing to build climate resilience and cope with unexpected shocks and surprises. This hands-one presentation will take the audience through an illuminating exercise in which they learn some key principles of sociology and the multi-disciplinary science of social network analysis (SNA) to more systematically close gaps, cross sectors, and reduce community vulnerabilities. Participants will also be provided links to related resources to continue to build skills.

Poster # 53
Does Discussing Adaptation “Subtract from Prevention”? Perceived Tradeoffs between Adaptation and Mitigation-based Policy Planning
Erza M. Markowitz, University of Massachusetts Amherst
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A concern among environmental advocates is that introducing adaptation-based planning into the public narrative and climate change policy discussion may have adverse effects on maintaining and increasing mitigation-based action (e.g., public engagement in preventative behaviors). Research has begun to examine—with mixed findings—whether a focus on adaptation-oriented policies reduces public climate change concern or support for mitigation. However, no research to date has examined the extent to which members of the public report concern about these adaptation-mitigation tradeoffs (i.e., the concern that discussing adaptation will demotivate others’ mitigation support) or the implications of these concerns for policy preferences and interpersonal climate change communication. We report findings from a survey examining the extent to which individuals (N = 278) are concerned about adaptation-mitigation tradeoffs, and the issue-specific beliefs (e.g., perceived solvability of climate change) and psychological characteristics associated with these concerns. Greater concern about tradeoffs was associated with a preference for a policy focus on mitigation at the expense of adaptation, greater perceived solvability of climate change, beliefs about the efficacy of mitigation, and a psychological need for ambiguity reduction. Tradeoffs concern was not associated with political ideology, people’s mental models of climate change, or beliefs about technological progress as a solution to environmental issues. Results from a subsequent experimental study (N = 190) found that individuals reporting greater tradeoffs concern were less motivated to share a news article about climate change when it discussed adaptation rather than mitigation. Implications for effective communication and public engagement will be discussed.

Co-authors:
  • Ezra M Markowitz, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Daniel A Chapman, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Poster # 54
Indianapolis Climathon: INvision Resiliency
Jeffrey Meek, City of Indianapolis
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For 24 hours on October 28th, 2016, Indianapolis joined over 50 cities around the world to participate in Climathon: a civic-hack focused on developing innovative solutions to the climate crisis. Dubbed 'INvision Resiliency,' the Indianapolis Climathon focused on creating resources to enable local neighborhoods to strengthen their climate resilience. Teams were tasked with developing proposals that included: neighborhood-scale solutions, ideas that both mitigate impacts from disasters and improve residents' everyday quality of life, and ways to repurpose resources that are readily available in Indy neighborhoods. Following the welcome session, participants dove into solution-building. The nearly 50 attendees paired themselves into six groups and began brainstorming ideas for their proposals. The teams had an opportunity to meet with subject-matter experts through the afternoon and evening to gain feedback on their initial ideas, and some participated in 'baseball swapping' to learn from each other's team members. The teams presented their proposals to a panel of judges with a wide range of expertise, from resiliency to community development to the management of Indianapolis. The winning team, “The Connectors,” made up of staff of the Marion County Public Health Department, was awarded a $5,000 grant to hire two fellows. These fellows will be working in the two new Great Places 2020 Neighborhoods to integrate sustainability and climate resilience into the new Great Places plans.

Co-authors:
  • Aliya Wishner, City of Indianapolis
Poster # 55
Education on Energy, Environment and Society
Ned Mohan, University of Minnesota and Minnesota Sea Grant
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This poster will describe a University of Minnesota course EE1701 on the topic of “Energy, Environment and Society,” which is intended to be a part of the College in the Schools program. The website for this course is http://z.umn.edu/ee1701.

Poster # 56
Public-Private Partnerships to Empower Data-Driven Climate Resilience
Ana Pinheiro Privette, USGCRP
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The Partnership for Resilience and Preparedness (PREP) is a public-private collaboration to empower a data-driven approach to building climate resilience. PREP aims to help planners, investors, and resource managers more easily incorporate climate risks into their decisions by enhancing access to relevant data and facilitating collective learning.

With climate change already upon us, a growing number of communities, companies, and civil society organizations are looking to assess climate vulnerability and to develop resilience plans. However, efforts to turn data into actionable plans are constrained by limited access to robust, actionable data. PREP addresses these challenges by promoting collaboration among producers and users of information, fostering standards to enhance accessibility and interoperability of data and information products, and developing platforms that improve data accessibility and knowledge sharing.

PREP is jointly managed by the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which coordinates the federal contributions to the partnership, and the World Resources Institute (WRI).

Co-authors:
  • Ana Pinheiro Privette, USGCRP (contractor)
  • Lauretta Burke, WRI
Poster # 57
Pilot Study on Effects of Occupational Heat Exposure on Traffic Police Workers in Ahmedabad, India
Amee Raval, Asian Pacific Environmental Network
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One of the most concerning environmental effects of climate change is rising levels of extreme heat, which already poses serious risks in many parts of the world. In June and July 2015, we collected weekly heat exposure data using area and personal temperature monitoring in the rapidly urbanizing city of Ahmedabad, India. The study was conducted at four different traffic junctions with a cohort of 16 traffic police. For information on demographics and experiences of heat stress, we administered a baseline survey at the start of the study and prospectively followed up with the officers on prevalence of heat-related symptoms. Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) levels ranged from 28.2 to 36.1 °C during the study period. Traffic police workers who participated in this study were exposed to WBGT levels higher than the recommended Threshold Limit Value (TLV) as per American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) guidelines even beyond the hottest months of the season. Our findings suggest that airport measurements by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) may not accurately capture heat exposures among individuals that work in and alongside high-density traffic junctions. Based on our temperature estimates, traffic police are at risk for heat stress. India is likely to experience warmer temperatures and increased heat waves in the coming decades, fueled by climate change. Therefore, it is important to reduce current and future heat-related risks for traffic police workers and similar occupational risk groups by establishing protection strategies.

Poster # 58
Big Problems Need Big Solutions: Advancing the Practice of Conservation at the Landscape Scale
Melly Reuling, Center for Large Landscape Conservation
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A fundamental shift in conservation is occurring in the U.S. and globally due to the realization that ecological sustainability in a time of climate change must be addressed at the landscape scale. Healthy, resilient communities of both people and nature depend on tackling the large-scale challenges of the 21st century including climate change, habitat loss, and biodiversity decline with a collaborative, landscape approach across both public and private landscapes.

No “playbook” exists in this emerging field, and new and different skill sets are required – including how to collaborate effectively across boundaries (both geographic and sectoral) and how to incorporate the best science at the landscape scale. Without information-sharing and strategic analysis, individual conservation initiatives run the risk of constantly reinventing the proverbial wheel, slowing the rate of progress and innovation.

Enter the Network for Landscape Conservation (NLC) -- an emergent collaborative of leading conservation practitioners, including conservation organizations, academics, agencies, and others. NLC works to: (1) build a diverse community of practice to promote information exchange; share expertise, and disperse best practices and lessons learned; and (2) develop organizational leadership to advance policy, funding, and practice to achieve systematic change toward the landscape conservation approach.

NLC submits this proposal to (1) highlight its role as a resource to adaptation professionals by showcasing its work empowering landscape conservation practitioners and supporting the innovative work that is emerging across the country; and (2) invite the leaders of the adaptation field to join the diverse, cross-sector landscape conservation arena and Network.

Poster # 59
Global Connectivity Conservation: Adaptation Through Designation
Melly A. Reuling, Center for Large Landscape Conservation
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With Earth’s human population on a trajectory to grow by 3 billion people in the next 50 years, the cumulative impact of human activity on the planet requires a new approach to conservation. Ecological connectivity conservation links natural and semi-natural landscapes, mitigating habitat fragmentation and enabling migratory flows essential to a fully functioning, resilient system in the face of a changing climate. Yet, there is still little practical application to ensure ecological connectivity is protected.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has launched a new Connectivity Conservation Specialist Group (CCSG) within its World Commission on Protected Areas to address this issue. The membership-driven CCSG is charged with developing a new conservation designation for the world’s governments to adopt: Areas of Connectivity Conservation (ACC). ACCs offer essential structures for regional practitioners to maintain or restore ecological and evolutionary processes across landscapes, fresh waterscapes, and seascapes, so that people and other species my adapt and survive with environmental change.

Additionally, Ecological connectivity may be preserved through strategic design of linear infrastructure, including roads, rails and pipelines. As part of the ACC process, a Transport Working Group (TWG) has been formed to provide direction towards adapting infrastructure to address impacts on wildlife movement and mortality. This poster will discuss the implementation of the ACC conservation designation and offer insight into new structures for adaptive conservation measures on international scales.

Poster # 60
Distributed Generation for Climate Resilience
Sherry Stout, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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Distributed generation can play a critical role in supporting climate adaptation goals. This info-graphic style poster will showcase the role of distributed generation in achieving a wide range of technical and policy goals and social services associated with climate adaptation.

Co-authors:
  • Sherry stout, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Eliza Hotchkiss, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Poster # 61
Is Your Tribe's Waste Management Program Climate Ready?
Dolly B Tong, U.S. EPA Region 5
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Waste management vulnerabilities often get overlooked in climate change adaptation planning efforts, especially increased occurrences of disaster debris and the spread of contamination from disaster debris from extreme weather. Tribes that are able to build or have access to effective waste management program capacity can reduce these vulnerabilities. U.S. EPA Region 5 developed a Tribal Climate Ready Waste Management Planning Tool to assist tribes in:

- reducing disaster debris and other climate impacts on their waste management efforts;
- sustainably managing debris after a disaster; and
- ensuring their waste management facilities are climate ready.

The tool includes suggested strategies to address waste management vulnerabilities from climate change, as well as a template for developing a disaster debris management plan. By using this tool, tribes can align their waste management goals with their adaptation goals, thereby increasing their climate resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Dolly B Tong, U.S. EPA Region 5
Poster # 62
Cultivating Resilience at the Personal Level
Martha Turner, Fossil Free California
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Living into and addressing climate change is a revolution of linking, as well as expressing these links, of our intellect, our creative capacity, our heartfelt need for connection, care for our physical and mental health, and care for this earth. Weather-related circumstances occurring now and likely to occur call us to increase our capacity to tolerate uncertainty while at the same time growing our empathetic capacity. Coping with and adapting to climate change will also create situations where persons and their social organizations are challenged with cognitively processing unfamiliar information. For some this will be scientific analysis and recommendations, while for others, the unfamiliar will show up in the arts and culture to name a few areas.
This session will include a brief overview of helpful practices for cultivating personal resilience, primarily through the lens of “mindful awareness”. An example is the well-researched and documented Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction protocol, first introduced by Jon Kabat-Zinn and now recognized worldwide http://www.umassmed.edu/cfm/stress-reduction/history-of-mbsr/. Particular note will be made of the “negativity bias” inherent in brain structure and techniques to temper that bias. I will include a list for further reading on some of the research literature on the neural structures involved in mindful awareness as well as some references to the researchers investigating applications and efficacy.

Poster # 63
Climate Resilience and Vulnerability of Two Indigenous Communities in Global North and South
Karl G Van Orsdol, The Rockies Institute
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The Rockies Institute is working in collaboration with the South African National Parks, the South African Agricultural Research Council and the University of South Africa on a project to compare and contrast climate adaptation and resilience in two indigenous communities: the Blood Tribe in Canada and the Nama Tribe in South Africa. Through this work, we are exemplifying the importance of sharing climate knowledge between indigenous communities in the global south and north which contributes to national commitments made under the Paris Agreement. 
This project will demonstrate how the benefits of knowledge sharing between two indigenous communities could be applied by other indigenous communities. Outcomes could provide a best practice model for the UNFCCC Indigenous Peoples’ Platform formed under the Paris Agreement. Recognizing that the two communities adopt significantly different approaches in how they interact with the natural resources, the project is:
- Exploring views / relationship with the natural world from the social, cultural and ecological perspective;
- Documenting challenges related to the capacity to address climate change risks and the ability to identify / recognize actions related to building adaptive capacity;
- Assessing what is working well with these actions;
- Determining key barriers to climate adaptation and resilience building going forward;
- Assessing priority areas, and identifying gaps (including knowledge/ education/tools);
- Evaluating and recommending methods and tools for protecting socio-ecological knowledge while facilitating information exchanges with other indigenous communities around the world;
- Developing skills and tools to support on-going climate adaptation plans.

Co-authors:
  • Laura Lynes, The Rockies Institute
  • Mmoto Masubelele, South African National Parks
  • Emily Harwit, European Economic Agreement and Norway Grants
Poster # 64
Integrated City-Scale Climate-Action Plans?: Exploring Challenges and Opportunities to Assess Synergies Between Mitigation & Adaptation
Alexa Kate Weiand, Western State Colorado University
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Effective climate action planning requires attention to both mitigation and adaptation, as well as the synergies between them. Recent years have seen an increase in city-scale climate action plans, but there has been little synthesis of how these plans address the interactions and tradeoffs between mitigation and adaptation actions. In this project, we review over 30 city-scale climate action plans to assess how these plans consider mitigation and adaptation synergies. Choosing several innovative case studies, we also interview planners to better understand best practices, opportunities, and challenges encountered. This review will provide a synthesis of lessons learned from prior efforts, and suggestions about pathways to more integrated climate action plans.

Co-authors:
  • Ashle Kumburis, Western State Colorado University
  • Corrie N Knapp, Western State Colorado University
  • Abel Chavez, Western State Colorado University
Poster # 65
Adaptation Planning for Rural Character
Joanna Wozniak-Brown, Antioch University New England
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In the planning discipline, local and regional planners focus acutely on the concept of community character. This concept guides planners as they lay the groundwork for the community's future. All decisions about land-use, economic growth, infrastructure, etc. are filtered through that vision. How then, can this concept guide adaptations? And, how can the adaptations reinforce the community's chosen character?

In an interdisciplinary Ph.D. dissertation, Joanna Wozniak-Brown examined these questions. Using a case-study of northwest Connecticut, her research specifically explored community character as a socio-ecological concept, the place-based definition of rural character, and the adaptation tools rural communities will need. The dissertation begins with a scholarly argument and finished with a practice-oriented tool-kit for rural planners. In this presentation, hear about her research and explore the toolkit. This research applies to climate adaptation scholar-practitioners and all community or regional planners (especially in a rural setting) concerned about climate change.

Alaska

Poster # 66
Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning in the Chugach Region, Alaska
Willow M Hetrick, Chugach Regional Resources Commission
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Chugach Regional Resources Commission (CRRC) has been working on climate change-related issues as they affect tribal lands, communities, and the subsistence resources upon which the Tribes depend. Currently, CRRC Tribes do not have a strong connection to the western research and climate science despite their vulnerability to climate change impacts and being extremely susceptible to adverse effects from climate change such as declining water resources, reduced aquaculture productivity, drop and/or change in fish and wildlife populations, and extreme weather such as increased flooding and heavier rainfall or extreme drought. Tribal members notice climate-related changes and are beginning to understand what it means to them but there is a large disconnect between western science and agency management plans and traditional Tribal land and resource management practices. As such, CRRC has been identifying and addressing climate needs relative to understudied resources of high cultural value to serviced tribes and traditional knowledge. CRRC brought together scientific experts, tribal leaders, community members, and interested public a day-long climate change workshop. There were four main topics covered in this initial workshop Ocean Acidification, Subsistence, Climate Change, and Fisheries. Participants rank their subsistence resources as the most important issue to consider when facing climate change and want to be able to continue to hunt and adapt and recognize that it is going to take cooperation from fish and game regulators to adapt to changing seasons.

Co-authors:
  • Willow Hetrick, Chugach Regional Resources Commission
  • Patty Schwalenbery, Chugach Regional Resources Commission
Poster # 67
Perceptions of Success: A Case Study in Planning for Climate Change in Rural Alaska
Stefan Gabriel Tangen, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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Global climate change may the most pressing issue facing the world as we know it today. Climate change planning is increasingly used in places like Northwest Alaska where people are dealing with the effects of global climate change in dramatic and life altering ways. Planning for climate change often involves multiple actors from various levels of government working together with various goals, motivations, and perceptions of success. The purpose of this study is to document the development, process, and outcomes of climate adaptation planning in the community of Shaktoolik, in Northwest Alaska. Mapping the history of climate change planning in Shaktoolik will contextualize this process providing a perspective on what compels a community to begin formally planning for climate change, who they work with throughout the process, the community dynamics involved, and the outcomes created. This research will be a case study approach based on local planning processes and will utilize qualitative methods in the form of interviews and participant observation to understand the ways in which community and non-community actors perceive successful climate adaptation planning. Grounded theory will be used for data analysis in order to develop theory based on empirical findings.

Caribbean

Poster # 68
Climate change and coffee: Assessing vulnerability by modeling future climate suitability in Puerto Rico
Nora Alvarez-Berrios, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub, Forest Service
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Coffee production has long been culturally and economically important in Puerto Rico. However, since peaking in the late 19th century, harvests are near record lows with many former farms abandoned. While value-added markets present new opportunities to reinvigorate the industry, regional trends associated with climate change may threaten the ability to produce high quality coffee. Here we discuss the history of coffee in Puerto Rico, outline important bioclimatic parameters, and model current and future habitat suitability using statistically downscaled climate data. Model projections suggest warming trends may surpass important temperature thresholds during the coming decades. Under high (A2), and mid-low (A1B) emission scenarios for 2011- 2040, Puerto Rico is projected to exceed mean annual temperature parameters for growth of Coffea arabica. Warming and drying trends may accelerate after 2040, and could result in top producing municipalities losing 60-84% of highly suitable growing conditions by 2070. Under the A2 scenario, Puerto Rico may only retain 24 km2 of highly suitable conditions by 2071-2099. High temperatures and low precipitation levels can result in diminished quality and yields, as well as increased exposure and sensitivity to certain insects and diseases. The climate data and models used are based on best current understanding of climate and emission interactions with results best interpreted as projected climate trends rather than predictions of future weather. Planning, innovation, and adaptation provide promising avenues to address current and future socioecological challenges while building a model of sustainable and resilient coffee production in Puerto Rico and throughout the region.

Co-authors:
  • Josh Fain, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub, Forest Service
  • Maya Quinones, IITF
  • Isabel Pares, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub, Forest Service
  • William Gould, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub, Forest Service
Poster # 69
Delivering Climate Services For Tropical Forestry And Agriculture
Isabel K Parés Ramos, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub
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Agriculture is the most climate-sensitive industry and thus very vulnerable to climate change. In the U.S. Caribbean, climate change impacts are felt with sea level rise and a warmer-drier climate. Agriculture and forestry in the region include coffee, tropical fruits, root crops, livestock, dairy and wood products, but local production is well below its full potential. Consequently, Puerto Rico imports 85% of its food supply and the U.S. Virgin Islands about 97%. The region’s food security is highly vulnerable to local and global climate change so farmers need support to increase production sustainably. The mission of the USDA Regional Climate Hub Networks is to deliver science-based information and technologies to farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The Caribbean Climate Hub (CCH) is building tools and communication platforms to enable a new level of cooperation that serves as a framework for collaborative response to climate change. Through workshops and a climate adaptation demonstration project (ADAPTA), the CCH delivers climate services and connects science providers with science users for knowledge co-production and stakeholder engagement. The CCH is providing a nexus for the flow of information and ideas between institutions, nongovernmental organizations, and producers working to achieve climate-resilient agroecosystems.

Co-authors:
  • William Gould, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub
  • Josh Fain, USDA Caribbean Climate Hub

Great Plains

Poster # 70
Agricultural Conservation Practices to Restore Ecosystem Functions in the Central US
Michael A Wilson, USDA-NRCS
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U.S. ecosystems have been significantly altered since the early settlement of Europeans. The trapping of beaver in the upper reaches of watersheds is cited as one of the first significant alterations of hydrology. Agriculture is a hallmark of our Nation and will be increasingly important in the future. Yet, extensive crop production in the central US has resulted in loss of prairie, narrowing of riparian areas, drainage of wetlands and floodplains, and degradation of soil. These changes have resulted in increased desertification and seasonal flooding due to decreases in wetlands and water storage. Hydrologic changes have also impacted water quality, increasing sediment as well as N and P in both surface and ground water. Implementation of conservation practices help offset the effects of agricultural land use. Three studies were conducted in Oklahoma documenting the importance of sub-watershed based conservation. Practices installed included prescribed grazing, nutrient management, contour farming, cover crops, reduced tillage, and pond installation. Results showed reductions in soil erosion and run-off, along with improvements in water quality, increases in organic matter, and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Restoration of ecosystem functions and natural cycles (e.g. hydrologic, nutrient, biological) is possible by building soil health through implementation of conservation on working agricultural landscapes. These successful locally-led projects have increased impact when combined with public education and community outreach via demonstration plots and presentations. Conservation is a foundational piece for adapting to climate impacts, and improving land productivity, water quality and quantity, and wildlife habitat.

Co-authors:
  • Michael . WIlson, USDA-NRCS
  • Clay Pope, CSP, LLC/USDA Southern Plains Climate Hub
  • Verlon Barnes, USDA-NRCS
  • Shanon Phillips, Oklahoma Conservation Commission

Hawaii & Pacific Islands

Poster # 71
From Mauka to Makai: Assessing Vulnerabilities and Identifying Climate Adaptation Actions in the Hawaiian Islands
Rachel M Gregg, EcoAdapt
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The Hawaiian Islands encompass a dynamic region featuring iconic habitats and species at risk from a number of stressors from the mountains (mauka) to the sea (makai). Climate change impacts, coupled with land use changes, invasive species spread, and population growth and development, all have important implications for the ecosystem services upon which over 1.4 million people rely. The Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative (PICCC) has initiated a multi-year Hawaiian Islands Terrestrial Adaptation Initiative to assist managers in all aspects of confronting the challenges presented by climate change. To place this Initiative on a firm scientific foundation, the PICCC asked EcoAdapt to develop comprehensive, science-based syntheses of current and projected future climate changes and impacts on, and adaptation options for, terrestrial and freshwater resources within each of the main Hawaiian Islands. We aim to synthesize existing climate change information; improve understanding of why important resources may be vulnerable to changing climate conditions; identify what adaptation actions can be implemented to reduce vulnerabilities and/or increase overall resilience; and co-generate products with land and resource managers to improve understanding of and capacity to address climate change. This project brings together resource managers and conservation planners to discuss these challenges, share knowledge, identify needs, and prioritize key actions to reduce the vulnerability of resources to climate change on the islands of O‘ahu, Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i, Moloka‘i, Maui, Lāna‘i, and Kaho‘olawe. We are conducting island-by-island vulnerability assessments and adaptation workshops in order to provide tailored information that reflects the uniqueness of individual islands.

Co-authors:
  • Rachel M. Gregg, EcoAdapt
  • Jessi Kershner, EcoAdapt
  • Jeff Burgett, Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative
  • Wendy Miles, Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative
  • Whitney Reynier, EcoAdapt
  • Laura Hilberg, EcoAdapt
Poster # 72
Kauai Kakou! Lessons Learned from Kauai's 2035 General Plan Update
Ruby Pap, Hawaii Sea Grant
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Islands provide important case studies in climate change adaptation. The Island of Kauai, a small island in the middle of the tropical north Pacific, is subject to a myriad of coastal hazards, all of which are exacerbated by climate change. While less developed than the other Hawaiian islands, the population is still growing at about 1% per year in addition to a burgeoning visitor population. Appropriate land use planning informed by the latest hazards science one important key to Island's resilience. Kauai's General Plan draft update incorporates the latest climate science, however gaps and uncertainties for moving forward exist. Kauai must continue to move forward with sound policy and land use decisions, while remaining flexible and adaptable to changing science and conditions on the ground.

Mid-Atlantic

Poster # 73
Mapping Natural Solutions for Resilient Maryland Communities
Nicole Carlozo, Maryland Department of Natural Resources
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Maryland’s Coastal Resiliency Assessment is a landscape-level GIS analysis that supports conservation and restoration planning near socially vulnerable, flood-prone communities. The Maryland Department of Natural Resources and The Nature Conservancy developed this spatial planning tool to 1) evaluate coastal exposure along Bay and Ocean shorelines; 2) assess the role of existing habitats in reducing exposure; 3) identify socially vulnerable communities at risk to coastal flooding and erosion; and 4) encourage the use of natural and nature-based features as an adaptation strategy. The resulting data products prioritize shoreline and marsh areas where conservation and restoration activities can increase the resiliency of vulnerable communities. Priority areas were identified via application of the Natural Capital Project’s InVEST Coastal Vulnerability Model, which models shoreline exposure based on geomorphology, relief, sea level rise, wave power, storm surge, erosion, and nearby habitat type. To complement shoreline data, The Nature Conservancy's Marsh Protection Potential Index was applied to rank marshes based on their ability to protect people from coastal hazards. Floodplain and demographic data were also used to identify communities at greater risk to flooding and coastal storm impacts. Final map products are being integrated into decision-making at local and state scales to enhance the state's ability to prepare for, respond to and recover from coastal hazard events.

Co-authors:
  • Michelle Canick, The Nature Conservancy
  • George Edmonds, Center for GIS at Towson University
Poster # 74
Whole of Government Planning for Resilience: Challenges and a Path Forward in Hampton Roads
Carol E Considine, Old Dominion University
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The Hampton Roads Sea level Rise Preparedness and Resilience Intergovernmental Planning Pilot Project (IPP) sought to develop a ‘whole of government and community' planning process for flooding resilience across a region of 17 localities including Virginia Beach and Norfolk, the Port of Virginia, and many federal facilities including the largest Naval station in the world. Carol Considine chaired the Private Infrastructure Advisory Committee, and Emily Steinhilber worked in to help convene the project. Both led the writing of a phase 1 and final report of the project.

The IPP was one of 5 other climate resilience pilots initiated by either the White House or the Department of Defense with the goal for developing models for collaborative whole of government resilience planning. However, the IPP was the only pilot initiated by both the White House and the DOD, and convened by a university or neutral partner which was critical to the overall success of the project. Over two years ODU faculty engaged stakeholders as members of committees (Public and Private Infrastructure, Economics, Law, Public Health, Citizen Engagement, Land Use and Science) with the goal of providing regional recommendations and proposing a path forward for collaborative planning adaptation.

The project concluded in summer 2016, and a final report with recommendations was issued in fall of 2016 (http://www.centerforsealevelrise.org/finalreport/). Now ODU faculty, William & Mary faculty, local, state, and federal partners all continue to work together to implement priority recommendations from the IPP as a part of other regional initiatives.

Co-authors:
  • Emily E Steinhilber, Old Dominion University
Poster # 75
SAGE: Building Partnerships for Coastal Resilience in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey
Bari Greenfeld, US Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources
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Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering (SAGE) is a community of practice that promotes the integration of green and gray infrastructure techniques for building coastal resilience. The “systems approach” aspect of SAGE means understanding how coastal systems operate as a whole – including physical, ecological, social, and economic factors. Instead of evaluating projects parcel by parcel, a systems approach considers how projects would impact each other and function together within a landscape. This poster will provide an overview of the SAGE program and showcase successes and lessons learned from the regional SAGE effort in Barnegat Bay. The Barnegat Bay team provides a good example of how a community of practice is developed and sustained. A core group of partners established a plan that set regional goals and identified priority areas for the use of green/gray techniques. Based on this plan, they received a Green Infrastructure Grant from the Federal Highway Administration to conduct research in one of the priority areas. The grant project will produce recommendations for natural and nature-based solutions to reduce flood risks along Great Bay Boulevard, a coastal highway that was impacted by Hurricane Sandy and is routinely flooded during storms and extreme high tides.

Midwest

Poster # 76
Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Dairy Production Systems of the Great Lakes Region
Carolyn R Betz, University of Wisconsin-Madison
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To better understand how agriculture affects and is affected by climate change, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has invested significantly in multiple transdisciplinary grants related to food, fiber and fuel. The Dairy Coordinated Agricultural Project examines climate change in dairy production systems across the Great Lakes region of the United States. Since 2013, a team of 70 researchers has collaborated across 12 institutions and multiple disciplines to conduct the investigations at the cow, barn, manure, crop and soil levels. The goals of the five-year project are: 1) to identify opportunities to increase resiliency in dairy production systems at the cow, manure and cropping systems levels; 2) to identify a suite of beneficial management practices and show where in the life cycle of a dairy system their application can reduce greenhouse gases; 3) to improve decision support tools so that farmers can implement changes to feed, manure, field and energy management systems without sacrificing productivity or profit; 4) to provide educational materials to producers and their advisors, the agri-business industry, students, teachers and policy-makers for sustainable dairy production systems. Preliminary results indicate that GHG emissions can be reduced significantly by implementing beneficial management practices. Improvements in ventilation and energy use in the barn, and improvements in nutrient efficiency, soil heath and water holding capacity in the field are ways in which resiliency can be increased as the region prepares to adapt to projected increases in temperature, humidity and extreme flooding and drought events.

Co-authors:
  • Matt D Ruark, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Poster # 77
Enhancing Human Motivation in Group Settings Relative to Climate change
Peggy Ann Burkman, Stages of Change
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We have understood the science behind climate change for well over a century and realized proof of rising greenhouse gases over 50 years ago. However, significant action on this ‘wicked issue’ is lacking in spite of abundant information regarding its seriousness. This research sought to understand motivation regarding climate change and the feasibility of enhancing lower levels, especially when working with groups in an organizational setting. Mixed methods research occurred with both an online and a local group. The online group completed two surveys, while the local group completed the same surveys, engaged in participatory action research, and repeated the surveys. One survey, developed for this research included action items, associated rationale, and climate change perceptions, was tested with the online group. The second instrument was the Six Americas audience segmentation tool (Maibach et al, 2011) which aligns groups from most to least motivated regarding climate change. Participatory action research included education, organizational carbon footprinting, and brainstorming solutions and resources required.
Results from the online group indicated significant relationships between actions and rationale, perceptions, and audience segments, which supported use of the surveys with the local research group. Action research results indicated that individuals transitioned from less to more motivated audience segment categories, and exit interviews showed increased motivation. Collectively this information supports use of the motivation survey and incorporation of audience segmentation tools into mixed groups. Finally, results indicated it was possible to increase motivation relative to climate change and the specific process utilized was successful.

Co-authors:
  • Peggy Burkman, Stages
Poster # 78
Utilizing real-time automated controls to minimize cost and maximize performance of a flood control BMP
Bob Fossum, Capitol Region Watershed District
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Curtiss Field Park is a neighborhood park located within the City of Falcon Heights, MN. Within Curtiss Field Park is a small landlocked stormwater pond called Curtiss Pond that collects direct runoff from approximately 38 acres of residential neighborhood, commercial property, and portions of a state highway. Curtiss Pond has a history of flooding which limits the use of the park, damages park infrastructure, threatens adjacent property and presents a safety concern for the City.

In 2014, CRWD in partnership with the City of Falcon Heights constructed a large underground detention and infiltration facility adjacent to Curtiss Pond under the ball field. The system includes 390’ of 10-ft. perforated pipe that stores and infiltrates floodwater. Additionally, the inlet structure of the facility included an automated valve system that allows the pond to be drawn down prior to heavy rainfall to provide more flood storage.
By utilizing this automated inlet technology, the floodwater storage in the system was increased by 58% at half the cost of installing additional pipe storage. This system is automated and decisions to open the valve are based on real-time forecasts continually accessed from the National Weather Service.
In aggregate, the BMP construction and the performance improvements through the use of real-time automated technologies removed all adjacent properties from flooding threat in excess of the 100-year event and protects the building within the park up to the 20-year flood event. This represents a significant improvement in safety and usability at Curtiss Field Park.

Co-authors:
  • Bob Fossum, Capitol Region Watershed District
Poster # 79
Sustainable Stormwater Analysis for the Ford Site Redevelopment, St. Paul, MN
Bob Fossum, Capitol Region Watershed District
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Ford's former Twin Cities Assembly Plant in St. Paul is in the process of being redeveloped over the coming years on more than 135 acres of land situated along the Mississippi River. The City of St. Paul’s vision for the site is that it will be a livable, mixed-use neighborhood that looks to the future with clean technologies and high quality design for energy, buildings and infrastructure.

Capitol Region Watershed District and the City of Saint Paul have been collaborating to develop a stormwater management vision for Ford Site. A comparative analysis approach was completed to compare redevelopment public realm alternatives. A centralized stormwater management approach was compared to a baseline parcel-by-parcel approach. Innovative approaches/tools for comparing feasibility costs, benefits, impacts and sustainability profiles for the different options has provided valuable insights about the community value that redevelopment alternatives might generate. A key component of the proposed analysis was monetization of ALL of the costs and benefits of each scenario. Sustainable Return on Investment (SROI) analysis using the software AutoCase allowed for monetizing of the estimated environmental and social impacts of each alternative, thereby informing planning recommendations. Ultimately, the analysis completed allowed all stakeholders to be able to answer the following key questions relative to planning at the Ford Site:

Will the 21st Century Community water feature approach cost more than normal?
How will we quantify social benefits of added livability?
Can we financially measure our environmental impact?

Co-authors:
  • Bob Fossum, Capitol Region Watershed District
  • Wes Saunders-Pearce, City of St. Paul
Poster # 80
Vulnerability of Specialty Crops to Climatic Variability and Adaptation Strategies in the Midwestern USA
Erica Jean Kistner, USDA-ARS
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Despite the perception that the Midwest is solely a corn-soybean production region, this area is also home to a variety of high-value specialty crops. Specialty crop agriculture is an important component of the Midwest’s rural economy with an estimated value of $1.8 billion dollars in 2012. Albeit more profitable than row crops, specialty crops are more sensitive to climatic stressors such as shifts in temperature and precipitation requiring more stringent management compared to traditional row crops. Consequently, many of these high risk, high reward crops are not eligible for crop insurance. With climate disruptions to agriculture already increasing nationwide, climate change poses a serious threat to weather-sensitive specialty crops. Temperature and precipitation fluctuations across the Midwest are already impacting specialty crop production via crop quantity and quality, as well as indirectly influencing the timing of crucial farm operations and the economic impacts of pests, weeds, and diseases. Given the vulnerability of specialty crop production to current and projected climate shifts, developing appropriate adaptation strategies will be crucial in increasing the resilience of Midwestern specialty crop production. Here, we describe how ongoing changes in climate variability are impacting Midwestern specialty crop production and discuss possible adaptation strategies. Trends in crops losses due to weather hazards over time were assessed using USDA Risk Management Agency’s regional data from 1989-2015. Excessive moisture, drought, and freeze events were the top three most common weather hazards resulting in significant specialty crop losses. The development of crop specific weather, production and risk management tools are warranted.

Co-authors:
  • Olivia Kellner, Midwest Regional Climate Center
  • Jeffrey Andresen, Michigan State University
  • Dennis Todey, USDA Midwest Climate Hub
  • Lois Wright-Morton, Iowa State University
Poster # 81
Planning for Coastal Hazards in Coastal Indiana Communities
Kaitlyn McClain, Indiana Department of Natural Resources
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Located at the southern end of Lake Michigan, Indiana's coastal communities are subject to coastal hazards such as fluctuating lake levels, beach erosion, and winter storms. While adaptation measures are becoming increasingly necessary for existing structures and developed areas, early planning in areas of new development or redevelopment can minimize potential future damage to life and property along the Lake Michigan shoreline. Coastal and shoreline structure planning and zoning decisions are made at the local level in Indiana and vary between municipalities. The Indiana Department of Natural Resources Lake Michigan Coastal Program has developed GIS resources, model ordinances, and educational content to aid coastal decision-makers with hazard-related planning.

Poster # 82
Manage Urban Flooding from the Grassroots: the RainReady Approach
Molly Oshun, Center for Neighborhood Technology
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Addressing the urban flooding challenge requires coordinated action at multiple scales and across sectors and agencies. This presentation will introduce two new data-driven tools to help local decision makers effectively address flooding challenges and create more livable communities.
RainReady’s approach to risk evaluation empowers residents and business owners to identify flood-prone areas, turning adversaries into advocates, and often discovering problem areas previously unknown to local decision makers. The RainReady Optimizer, adapted from an approach developed by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, is a tool to aggregate varied indicators of risk across a region, including homeowner surveys, stakeholder interviews, 311 calls, and LiDAR analysis. The resulting flood risk score is then augmented with hundreds of spatially defined resilience opportunities (areas identified for beautification, transit oriented development, schools, parks, etc.) to identify optimal sites for green infrastructure interventions. The tool has been piloted by RainReady Community in 6 municipalities in southern Cook County through a partnership with the USACOE.
Building-level retrofits are another key strategy for flood resilience, however, individual property owners are often challenged to evaluate mitigation options based on their particular flood risk. My RainReady is a free online decision-making tool to guide homeowners through a self-assessment of their property, resulting in a custom set of recommendations for their building and flood risk. My RainReady is modeled after the Center for Neighborhood Technology’s innovative home inspection service, RainReady Home. The RainReady programs and their respective data-driven tools build capacity among local decision makers to effectively address flooding challenges.

Poster # 83
A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories: Integrating Ojibwe Perspectives
Hannah Panci, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission
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The Ojibwe member tribes of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission depend on natural resources to meet spiritual, cultural, medicinal, subsistence, and economic needs. Climate change impacts on species distribution and abundance may affect the ability of tribal members to continue exercising their treaty rights to hunt, fish, and gather these resources. We used the Climate Change Vulnerability Index tool produced by NatureServe to assess the vulnerability of species of tribal interest to climate change. We also conducted Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) interviews and reviewed previously gathered TEK to identify species of concern and record changes experienced within the cultural memory. We found that several species of tribal interest and cultural significance are vulnerable to climate change in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories; among the most vulnerable mammals are American marten, fisher, moose, and snowshoe hare. We also found that the combination of western science and TEK broadened our understanding of climate change impacts on these species. The ability of tribal members to exercise their treaty rights will continue to be affected by climate change and it is essential to consider tribal perspectives in climate change adaptation planning.

Co-authors:
  • Travis Bartnick, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission
  • Melonee Montano, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission
Poster # 84
Narratives of Climate Preparedness in a Lake Superior Coastal Community
Vanessa Perry, University of Minnesota
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A growing body of evidence indicates extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall and flooding are increasing in the Upper Midwest. In June 2012, Duluth, Minnesota, and neighboring communities experienced extreme precipitation and flooding, resulting in more than $50 million in infrastructure damage. With models predicting future extreme weather events occurring in greater intensity and frequency, Duluth and neighboring communities will be increasingly vulnerable to the social, economic, and environmental impacts of such events. Therefore, climate adaptation is essential at a local scale. Community decision makers and leaders will play key roles in local adaptation planning, and understanding these stakeholders’ perceptions of climate change and narratives of climate preparedness will illuminate key barriers and inform prioritization of actions.

To document climate change perceptions and adaptation narratives, we conducted 27 key informant interviews with community decision makers, resource managers, and other leaders active in the Lake Superior subwatersheds study area. Stakeholder experiences, beliefs, and attitudes served as the foundation for data analysis examining barriers to and opportunities for climate adaptation planning in the communities. Results indicate divergent perspectives on climate preparedness. Primary barriers to climate adaption include lack of connection to climate impacts, lack of perceived control, lack of perceived solutions, and prioritization challenges. Study results will provide a framework for climate adaptation visioning and strategies for building adaptive capacity in the study communities.

Co-authors:
  • Holly Meier, University of Minnesota
  • Mae Davenport, University of Minnesota
  • Vanessa Perry, University of Minnesota
  • Jenn Shepard, University of Minnesota
Poster # 85
Qualitative inquiry as a tool for centering local knowledge in community based adaptive management
Jenn Shepard, University of Minnesota
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Complex environmental problems, those with high uncertainty, diffuse sources, and rapidly changing conditions, push the limits of what top down structures can efficiently manage. One approach to addressing the challenges of complex environmental problems is to take a proactive, adaptive approach to managing impacts of environmental problems at the local level. The move towards successful community level adaptive management requires managers and decision makers to adopt new techniques for community inclusion, problem definition, and knowledge generation. Qualitative inquiry is one social science tool that can center community based knowledge and aid managers in moving towards adaptive management of local resources.

This study uses qualitative inquiry to investigate how community leaders conceptualize climate change and impacts on the North Shore of Lake Superior in Northeastern Minnesota. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 government officials, agency managers, and business owners in the region. The data were analyzed for emergent themes that capture community members’ perceptions of local climate change impacts and specific areas of risk and vulnerability. Through this process, researchers gained a deep and contextual understanding of how the community’s decision makers understanding the problem of climate change and the need to adapt. Through pairing this way of understanding an environmental problem with a biophysical understanding, a more robust management strategy can be designed to address the challenges of complex environmental problems.

Co-authors:
  • Jenn Shepard, University of Minnesota
  • Mae Davenport, University of Minnesota
  • Erin Seekamp, North Carolina State University
Poster # 86
Lessons in Conservation, Economics, and Sustainability from a Student Housing Experience
Larry Zazzera, Self
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This case study highlights the site selection, design, conservation, build, and use phases for a single family dwelling in the University of Minnesota Como neighborhood of Minneapolis. Some of the design features chosen to reduce energy consumption also lower the dwelling’s vulnerability to local climate extremes. Energy consumption data from 6 years of monitoring show that this traditional sized house has lower cost of ownership and lower associated CO2 emissions compared to a typical contemporary house. These results show that economic incentives for reduced consumption also produce less pollution. This case study becomes a valuable lesson when the student occupants and owner communicate their combined experiences from this work, and through this outreach become aware of consistencies within the themes of sustainability and economy.

Co-authors:
  • Joshua Quinn, Self
  • Josh Hemelgarn, Self
  • Michael Zazzera, Self

Northeast

Poster # 87
A Policy Framework for Creating Wetlands Using Dredge Materials for Coastal Resiliency in Connecticut
Rebecca A French, UConn, Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate Adaptation
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Coastal fringe wetlands and marshes have been shown to reduce wave height and provide storage for flood waters during storms, therefore the creation or restoration of marshes has become part of the broader conversation on the use of living shorelines as a natural coastal green infrastructure technique to improve coastal resiliency. Connecticut maintains several harbors for water-dependent industry as well as private marinas, resulting in the need to dredge these areas and use or move the material elsewhere. Beneficial use of dredge materials to restore wetlands using thin layer deposition as well as the creation of wetlands along the coast may present a win-win opportunity for the State of Connecticut to improve coastal resiliency and lower the cost, both financial and political, of managing dredged sediments. However, Connecticut lacks guidance for state regulators and project initiators to follow for this relatively new use of dredge materials. Moreover, there are significant potential barriers to permitting these projects under existing regulatory paradigms from Section 404 of the Clean Water Act that highly regulate “fill” in wetlands. In order to identify and address these regulatory barriers, the Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate Adaptation is developing a policy framework for permitting these types of projects in the state with the input of in-state stakeholders as well as a review of case studies for similar projects in New York, New Jersey, and Rhode Island. This presentation will review the challenges identified thus far and highlight how Connecticut’s neighboring states have taken on this challenge.

Poster # 88
Extreme Event Targeted Toolkits: Post-Event Learning and Macro-Adaptation
Erin Friedman, The Graduate Center, CUNY
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The potential for increasing frequency of extreme weather events is becoming an immediate priority for urban coastal practitioners and stakeholders, adding complexity to decisions concerning risk management for short-term action and long-term needs for cities. The conflict between the prioritization of near term risk versus longer term risk management can create a disconnect between climate science and its applications. The Consortium for Climate Risk in the Urban Northeast (CCRUN), a NOAA RISA team, helps to bridge this gap and promote the application of climate science during the aftermath of extreme weather events. It is the post event policy window where significant opportunities for science-policy linkages exist. In particular, CCRUN is interested in producing actionable and useful information for city managers to use in decision-making processes surrounding extreme weather events and climate change. This process includes a sector specific needs assessment survey instrument and two tools for urban coastal practitioners and stakeholders. More specifically, the tools focus on post event learning and connections between resilience and transformative adaptation. The elements of two emerging tools (PELT – Post Extreme Event Learn Tool and MART – Macro Adaptation Resilience Tool) will be shown to provide opportunities for the operationalization of resilience practices that can address short-term action and long-term need through co-producing knowledge.

Co-authors:
  • Rebekah Breitzer, The Graduate Center, CUNY
  • William Solecki, CUNY Hunter College
Poster # 89
Collaborating for Resilience: The New Hampshire Coastal Adaptation Workgroup
Lisa Graichen, UNH Cooperative Extension and NH Sea Grant
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Cities and towns are leading the way in implementing climate adaptation, but small communities, especially those with limited professional municipal staff, cannot do it alone. They benefit from the outreach, education, technical assistance, and facilitation that collaborative networks can provide. These networks, like the New Hampshire Coastal Adaptation Workgroup (CAW), play an important role in boosting the capacity of local communities to implement climate adaptation.

CAW’s mission is to assist communities in NH’s coastal watershed to prepare for the impacts of extreme weather and long-term climate change by providing resources, facilitation, and guidance that enhance readiness and resilience. Since 2010, CAW has grown to include over 20 member organizations, including universities, state and federal agencies, regional planning commissions, local communities, nonprofit organizations, consultants, and businesses. The group has evolved to better meet communities’ needs as we learn more about the local vulnerabilities and impacts and as adaptation efforts advance.

This poster tells the story of CAW – WHO we are, HOW we interact with each other and communities we serve, WHAT the results of our work are to date, WHAT lessons we’ve learned, and WHY we continue to collaborate. By being responsive to community needs, coordinating efforts among members, leveraging resources, and providing diverse and frequent opportunities for communities to engage, our workgroup is able to make a difference. With CAW’s assistance, coastal communities in NH are reviewing local data, accessing needed resources, and integrating preparedness into planning, regulation, and practices.

Co-authors:
  • Amanda Stone, UNH Cooperative Extension
  • Julia Peterson, NH Sea Grant and UNH Cooperative Extension
Poster # 90
Economic Assessment of Local Coastal Protection Strategies in the Face of Sea Level Rise
Allyza Lustig, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies
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According to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC), the southern coast of New York State has experienced more than 15 inches of sea level rise (SLR) since the mid-19th century. The implications of this trend touch many of the state’s coastal communities, not just along the ocean but also further north throughout the estuarine zone of the Hudson River Valley. This study will focus on the latter impact by evaluating the economic cost of sea level rise in five towns along the eastern coast of the Hudson River in New York State: Yonkers, Croton on Hudson, Poughkeepsie, Hudson, and Troy. The decision to protect coastal property (if it should be protected, when, and where) depends in part on a comparison of the cost of coastal protection and the cost of abandonment. In this paper, I explore the cost of sea level rise in terms of damages to structures and land, and produce a decision tree that illustrates the costs and benefits (i.e. avoided damages) of either protecting of abandoning the coastline. I present three decision trees for each town, each reflecting a different climate (and thus SLR) scenario. I then indicate the economically optimal decision pathways for each town and explore study limitations and areas for future research.

Co-authors:
  • Allyza Lustig, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies
Poster # 91
Promoting aquatic connectivity in a changing climate through culvert improvements
Melissa Ocana, UMass Amherst Dept of Environmental Conservation
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This poster will outline work to build resilience to climate change impacts in freshwater ecosystems and human communities in the 13 state North Atlantic region through promotion of aquatic connectivity. In collaboration with local, state, and federal partners through the North Atlantic Aquatic Connectivity Collaborative, we are assessing and prioritizing road-stream crossings (e.g., culverts) within the larger landscape context. Culvert improvements result in reconnection of streams to their headwaters, access to coldwater refugia for native fish populations, increased movement of aquatic wildlife trying to track climatic changes, and transportation infrastructure that can withstand extreme flows and flooding from storm events. Our work brings together natural resource managers interested in ecological issues and transportation agencies interested in road networks. We will illustrate examples of our work including a model for how to restore connectivity for coldwater stream habitat while accounting for impacts of climate change on stream temperatures.

Co-authors:
  • Melissa Ocana, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Jessica Levine, The Nature Conservancy Canada
  • Scott Schwenk, North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative
  • Scott Jackson, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Poster # 92
Coastal Vulnerability Index for Ecological, Cultural, & Recreational Assets at a Massachusetts Land Trust
Jennifer Ryan, The Trustees
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The Trustees is the world's first land trust and protects, for public use and enjoyment, Massachusetts properties of exceptional scenic, ecological, and historic value. Our portfolio includes over 70 miles of coastline in 25 communities, including barrier beaches, endangered species habitat, and historic and cultural features. With the Woods Hole Group, a probabilistic and sophisticated hydrodynamic model has been applied to Trustees coastal properties to evaluate pathways, inundation probabilities, water depths and exposure to wave activity under future storm surge scenarios - evaluating infrastructure, ecological, and cultural resource vulnerability. A Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) allows site managers to compare needs within and across properties to maximize the protection of assets and the future uses of Trustees properties. As impacts extend beyond property lines, results will be integrated with municipal and regional assessments, as appropriate, and are being used to identify and develop public policy initiatives which will help public and private partners respond together to a changing coastline.

Co-authors:
  • Tom O'Shea, The Trustees
  • Jennifer Ryan, The Trustees
Poster # 93
Climate Smart Cities-Boston
Darci Anne Schofield, The Trust for Public Land
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The Trust for Public Land has worked in cities for 43 years, leading thousands of projects in urban areas across the country in service of our “Land for People” mission. Our Climate Smart Cities™ Program helps cities use parks and natural lands as “green infrastructure” for equitable climate solutions. Working in partnership with the City of Boston, we created a science-based, spatial decision support tool that identifies where the multiple-benefits of green infrastructure can be leveraged to address major climate risks. Our results indicate that 183,000 residents are already severely impacted by the urban heat island effect, that 14% of residents live in floods zones today which will only be magnified significantly with sea level rise and projected storm surge, and 66% of city land is expected to generate stormwater runoff in a typical flood-producing storm. We are already combating these risks with major green infrastructure adaptation strategies. First, we are transforming vacant land into vibrant working farms that manage stormwater and capture carbon. Second, our conservation finance experts secured over $20 million per year in new public funding that will support Boston’s green infrastructure resiliency goals. Finally, we are working with the City to create a world-class linear park and active transportation corridor completing Olmstead’s envisioned Emerald Necklace and connecting to Dorchester Bay. The project will expand park access for nearly 45,000 people within a 10 minute walk, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, promote public health, and connect low-income communities to the ocean as well as jobs.

Co-authors:
  • Darci Anne Schofield, The Trust for Public Land
Poster # 94
A Holistic Approach to Coastal Resiliency Enhancement and Community Risk Reduction: Upper North Shore, Massachusetts
Taj Schottland, National Wildlife Federation
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The National Wildlife Federation’s work in coastal Massachusetts serves as a model demonstration of how to take a holistic approach to enhancing coastal resiliency in the Northeast and beyond. Located along the north shore of Massachusetts, the Great Marsh is New England’s largest contiguous barrier island and saltmarsh. The Marsh provides critical habitat to state and federally listed species, sportfish, shellfish, and thousands of birds migrating along the Atlantic Flyway. The area is also home to 29 municipalities and millions of visitors that benefit from the ecosystem services provided by the marsh. However storm surge, sea level rise, and accelerating erosion have contributed to decreased marsh health and increased community vulnerability. To address these climate-driven threats, the National Wildlife Federation (through a $2.9 million dollar grant) is leading a large coalition of federal, state and local partners in a multi-faceted project that takes holistic approach to enhancing the ecological resiliency of the marsh and reducing municipal vulnerability. This poster will detail the five project sub-components: sediment transport and salinity modeling, hydrological barrier assessment, marsh restoration, dune nourishment and revegetation, and community planning. Brief descriptions of each project component will serve as a means of highlighting this framework for a systems approach to coastal adaptation and its transferability to other geographies.

Co-authors:
  • Chris Hilke, National Wildlife Federation
  • Taj Schottland, National Wildlife Federation
  • Melissa Gaydos, National Wildlife Federation

Northwest

Poster # 95
Working together to address climate change across borders: The importance of actionable science and diversity
Anne A Carlson, The Wilderness Society
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Efforts to develop and deliver strategies to conserve large landscapes in the face of global impacts like climate change are often hampered by the twin challenges of developing science at the proper geospatial and temporal scales, and engaging numerous diverse communities in common action. Here, we describe a holistic, transboundary initiative that brings together the different perspectives and expertise of state, federal and provincial agency staff; tribes and First Nations; universities; non-governmental organizations; and community stakeholders to implement coordinated climate adaptation strategies across the Crown of the Continent: an 18 million acre Canadian-American landscape of high ecological integrity. This initiative delivers the best available science to stakeholders for six collaboratively chosen targets (native salmonids, Canada lynx and wolverines, terrestrial invasive plants, and whitebark pine forests) at the scale of the entire landscape; identifies and prioritizes adaptation strategies intended to build resilience to current and projected climate change impacts; supports pilot projects; and replicates successful adaptation prototypes. Our experience indicates it is possible to meet the interests of diverse jurisdictions, communities and stakeholders, whilst aligning large landscape conservation with emerging best practices and processes. The initiative encourages intentional and explicit thinking about the ways in which lessons learned can be applied through time to improve the process and outcomes as collaborative work on subsequent conservation priorities commences. The success of the program will be evaluated by assessing the efficacy of adaptation strategies in meeting desired conservation outcomes, as well as the ability to evolve and deploy new collaborative management strategies.

Co-authors:
  • Anne A Carlson, The Wilderness Society
  • Regan Nelson, Crown Conservation Initiative
  • Erin Sexton, Crown Managers Partnership and University of Montana, Institute on Ecosystems
  • Ian W Dyson, Alberta Environment and Parks
  • Linh Hoang, U.S. Forest Service
Poster # 96
A three-step decision support framework for linking climate science to adaptation action
Molly Cross, Wildlife Conservation Society
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A growing body of scientific research is being increasingly used in conservation planning, to identify climate change effects on species and ecosystems of management concern and potential strategies for addressing those impacts (i.e., ‘adaptation strategies’). Despite this important progress, there remain relatively few examples of climate science and planning leading to the implementation of adaptation strategies. One barrier to implementation is that climate adaptation planning often generates sizeable ‘menus’ of potential climate adaptation strategies and actions, without sufficient consideration of which adaptation strategies to apply, and where and when to apply them. To help overcome this barrier, we developed a new decision support framework for using available climate science to set forward-looking conservation goals and select among a menu of climate adaptation strategies. This decision framework is designed to catalyze adaptation actions by bridging recent advances in climate science and adaptation planning, while also helping managers document and defend how climate change information was incorporated into their management decisions. The framework was developed in partnership with U.S. Forest Service managers at the Custer Gallatin National Forest in Montana, and was tailored to support decisions about native cold-water trout conservation. The framework is intended to be a 'living document' that can be continually improved as it gets tested and used. It offers an approach to incorporating climate change into conservation decisions that can be applied to other species or ecosystem targets of concern. It could also be modified to inform management and planning decisions in any sector of interest.

Co-authors:
  • Regan Nelson, Crown Conservation Initiative
  • Lara Hansen, EcoAdapt
  • Gary Tabor, Center for Large Landscape Conservation
Poster # 97
Hazards in Oregon: Insights from Providing Local Climate Services in Practice
Josh George Foster, OSU/OCCRI
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The Pacific Northwest Climate Impacts Research Consortium (CIRC) has a mandate to assess regional climate change and variability, support local decision makers in different sectors with climate information, and understand how climate services can be better provided in local contexts. CIRC is housed at the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute and is a NOAA Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Program team serving the Pacific Northwest including Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and western Montana. From 2012-14, CIRC advised the City of Eugene, Oregon on a first ever update to the city’s hazard mitigation plan to include climate change impacts. Eugene received funding from the State of Oregon, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, as well as drawing on city resources. CIRC provided plausible future climate scenarios for 2030 and 2060 helping to develop a new vulnerability assessment tool combining climate and hazard vulnerability assessments. The survey tool was used to collect information from city departments including: drinking water, health care and public health, sanitary sewer, electricity, natural systems, housing, food, transportation, stormwater, communications, and public safety on the adaptive capacity and sensitivity of their systems to climate change and other hazards. Interviews were conducted with 150 agency employees over 90 hours. Personnel assigned low, medium, and high risk scores for their systems producing an overall score comparable across systems, and an accompanying narrative highlighting key vulnerabilities. This information eventually was used to prioritize recommended actions in the updated Hazard Mitigation Plan.

Poster # 98
AgClimate.net – A New Model for Climate Change Extension
Roesch-McNally Gabrielle, Northwest Climate Hub
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It is often difficult for agricultural professionals to navigate the many complex climate resources available to them. AgClimate.net was created as a single online portal providing interested agricultural professionals with relevant research, and facilitating access by translating relevant science and promoting conversations around Pacific Northwest agriculture and climate research.
Our approach is to maintain an active blog that includes thought-provoking analyses, scientific perspectives on current issues, and highlights of innovations, including introduction to the researchers who are developing them and the professionals who test them. We strive to illustrate the connections between regional efforts, explain why readers should care about climate change, and provide guidance on relevant tools and approaches. Long-term, we envision AgClimate.net becoming a model for effective outreach on climate change and agriculture for the Pacific Northwest and beyond.
Though still in its infancy, readership and impact are growing. The site has had nearly 7,000 hits since June 2014, with readership climbing every quarter. As the site develops, continued growth of our team of authors and readership and their productive interaction is our main focus.
Through the blog platform, we encourage researchers and professionals to engage in dialogue in their area of expertise. We continually recruit potential authors at conferences and other face-to-face settings to keep contributions diverse and relevant to the needs in our region. Our goal is to develop a network of researchers and professionals that use the site to discuss climate and agriculture, thereby supporting sustainable, climate-smart and climate-friendly agriculture in the Pacific Northwest.

Co-authors:
  • Brooke Saari, Washington State University Extension
Poster # 99
EPA Climate Change and TMDL Pilot Research Project in the South Fork Nooksack River, WA
Oliver Grah, Nooksack Indian Tribe
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To help better understand the potential impact of climate change on achieving water quality and salmon recovery goals, the EPA, Washington Department of Ecology, and Nooksack Indian Tribe launched the collaborative EPA Climate Change and TMDL Pilot Research Project for the South Fork Nooksack River, Washington. The overarching goal of the Pilot Research Project is to further EPA’s understanding of how to incorporate projected climate change impacts in a total maximum daily load (TMDL), using the temperature TMDL developed for the South Fork as a pilot study. The collaborative framework and coordinated research components conducted as part of this project provided the opportunity to move beyond the regulatory goal of the TMDL and to achieve synergistic advancement of how climate change might influence salmon recovery actions and restoration plans prepared in the context of the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Pilot Research Project was structured using a quantitative and qualitative assessment, and relied on stakeholder engagement as a fundamental, cross-cutting element. The quantitative assessment evaluates the implications of climate change for the water temperature TMDL using best available climate science. This assessment uses quantitative methods to estimate future temperatures of the South Fork. A qualitative assessment was conducted to conduct a vulnerability assessment and an adaptation plan for salmon habitat restoration, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of restoration tools. The qualitative assessment uses local and tribal knowledge to identify and prioritize climate change adaptation strategies. This poster will summarize the methodology and key findings of the Pilot Research Project.

Co-authors:
  • Oliver Grah, Nooksack Indian Tribe
Poster # 100
Climate Change Adaptation: Moving From Plans to Action in the Nooksack River Basin, WA
Oliver Grah, Nooksack Indian Tribe
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The South Fork Nooksack River is a tributary to Puget Sound and provides habitat to spring Chinook salmon, which is listed threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The SFNR has suffered from legacy impacts, temperature and fine sediment exceedances, due to a variety of land uses. The temperature exceedances threaten Chinook survival and this pollution must be addressed through a Clean Water Act total maximum daily load regulatory program. Climate change is projected to cumulatively add to existing legacy impacts. Millions of dollars are spent on salmon habitat restoration in the SFNR that primarily addresses these legacy impacts, but few if any restoration actions take climate change into direct consideration. The Nooksack Indian Tribe and USEPA-ORD jointly completed a pilot research project that addresses climate change, legacy impacts, ESA recovery actions, CWA compliance, and salmon habitat restoration in one comprehensive project. The project evaluates how climate change and the impacts of land use impacts could be incorporated into a TMDL and influence restoration actions pursuant to the ESA and watershed recovery plan. The project evaluated the effectiveness of existing habitat restoration plans and how such plans and actions could be modified to be climate ready and promote ecosystem resiliency in the face of continued climate change. Both the TMDL and the climate change pilot research project recommend that watershed-wide restoration planning be implemented to more effectively address existing non-point sources of temperature and sediment pollution as well as the additional impact of climate change on watershed processes and functioning.

Co-authors:
  • Klein Steve, EPA-ORD
  • Oliver Grah, Nooksack Indian Tribe
Poster # 101
Climate adaptation for wildlands: Lessons and challenges from Yellowstone
John Gross, NPS
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Our core research team has been working with land managers and other stakeholders in the Greater Yellowstone System in multi-year projects to identify key resources as a focus for demonstrating, implementing, and evaluating a structured process for climate adaptation. As part of the process, managers identify key climate-relevant issues. Managers in Yellowstone and elsewhere consistently prioritized dominant forest species, important habitats, key ecological processes (e.g. water dynamics), and resources previously thought to be under threat from climate and non-climate stressors as a high priority. Based on a climate-smart framework, much of our research focused on assessing vulnerability of these key resources, with assessments at scales of species, ecological systems, and landscapes. Vulnerability assessments evaluated relative risk and the sources of threats to resources and ecological processes. Results of the assessments provided a sound, science-based foundation for brainstorming and developing adaptation options.

A key project goal was to use the best, cutting-edge science to inform the climate adaptation planning. In doing so, we faced challenges and learned lessons that will be common to many – probably most - adaptation projects. Here, we discuss lessons and techniques we used to address issues of building and engaging partners, addressing the differing perspectives and expectations of scientists/academics and managers, identifying and selecting appropriate climate issues and resources, targeting science in the most impactful way, and clarifying the diverse contributions of our work as it contributes to long-term climate adaptation efforts.

Co-authors:
  • Andy Hansen, Montana State University
  • Tom Olliff, Great Northern LCC
  • Tony Chang, Montana State University
  • Dave Theobald, Conservation Science Partners
  • Ann Rodman, Yellowstone National Park
  • Forrest Melton, California State University
  • William Monahan, US Forest Service
  • Scott Goetz, Northern Arizona University
  • Patrick Jantz, Northern Arizona University
Poster # 102
Decision support tools to help resource managers evaluate and prioritize adaptation options
Laura Hilberg, EcoAdapt
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Natural resource managers are confronted by many challenges in the face of changing climate conditions, including how to evaluate and select management actions that will effectively ameliorate the impacts of climate change. Important considerations frequently include integrating future climate projections into planning processes, considering needs at multiple spatial scales, and prioritizing actions in order to make the most of limited resources. With funding from the Northwest Climate Science Center (NWCSC), scientists at EcoAdapt and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed two decision-support tools to help resource managers in the Northern Rockies region evaluate and prioritize adaptation strategies and tactics that can be integrated into management projects and plans. The first tool evaluates whether stakeholder-generated adaptation strategies and tactics, developed through the Northern Rockies Adaptation Partnership (NRAP), would ameliorate the impact of one or more climate stressors, disturbance regimes, or non-climate stressors. The tool also includes an evaluation of the existing quantity/quality of evidence for each tactic and whether the tactic is recommended for implementation based on literature review and expert opinion. The second tool helps resource managers integrate climate considerations into management plans and projects by moving through a step-wise process to identify when and where to apply the adaptation strategies and tactics developed through the NRAP. This poster will also demonstrate how this project highlights the need for further research into the effectiveness of adaptation strategies at reducing specific climate change vulnerabilities.

Co-authors:
  • Laura Hilberg, EcoAdapt
  • Jessi Kershner, EcoAdapt
  • Alicia Torregrosa, USGS-Western Geographic Science Center
  • Andrea Woodward, USGS-Forest & Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Poster # 103
Tribally-Based Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Workshop in the Pacific Northwest
Clarita Lefthand-Begay, University of Washington
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This project is a tribally-based collaboration between the University of Washington and the Nisqually Natural Resource Department to develop a climate science literacy tool for tribal citizens and to discuss resiliency. The goals of this tool are to illustrate the most recent climate change science, highlight local human and environmental impacts, define resiliency from an indigenous perspective, and identify community-driven adaptation strategies. This tool will be used by our collaborators during a community-based workshop hosted by the Nisqually Natural Resources in Olympia, WA. We will also discuss this question: What makes Native communities more resilient to the impacts of climate change? There will be four parts to this workshop. First, we will begin with an opening prayer lead by local community leaders. Afterwards, tribal leaders will present about climate science, examples of local adaptation strategies, and collaborative restoration projects across Washington State. Next, participants will break into small groups to discuss resiliency. Finally, participants will gather in a talking circle to discuss priorities and action plans toward building resiliency. In this tool, native pedagogies, native ways of knowing and western science will be used together as equally valued knowledge systems. Tribal members, leaders and scholars will partner in the design, planning and execution of this project. An outcome of this work will be a scalable climate science communication and education tool that can be used by a number of tribes to promote understanding and build capacity. This project will also contribute to our understanding about resiliency among tribes.

Co-authors:
  • Clarita Lefthand-Begay, University of Washington Information School
  • Maggie Sanders, Nisqually Indian Tribe Department of Natural Resources
  • Melissa Watkinson, University of Washington
Poster # 104
Balancing and Optimizing Climate Adaptation, Mitigation, and Equity Priorities in Climate Action Planning
Andrea Laura Martin, Cascadia Consulting Group
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In 2017, the City of Ashland will release its first Climate and Energy Action Plan. The plan, which represents the culmination of a year-long public and stakeholder engagement process, provides a strategic roadmap for the City and community to take effective and equitable climate action across multiple sectors and climate impacts. Unlike many climate plans that focus on mitigation and adaptation as separate issues, the City sought to address climate needs and challenges in a more integrated way. Potential strategies and actions were evaluated against their ability to meet a variety of goals, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, preparing for climate change impacts, and fostering an equitable and prosperous community for all. This integrated approach allowed for identification and prioritization of “win-win-win” strategies that meet multiple objectives and optimize City resources. Strategies and actions also underwent a thorough and inclusive vetting process that included expert review as well as a series of public open houses, surveys, interviews, and workshops. This participatory approach helped ensure that the plan reflected community priorities and diverse perspectives. The plan concludes with a detailed implementation plan, which lays out clear steps for ensuring that the plan is carried out effectively over time, including the development of a governance structure for implementation oversight, guidance, and support.

Co-authors:
  • Adam Hanks, City of Ashland
Poster # 105
The Available Science Assessment Process (ASAP): Evaluating the Supporting Science Behind Climate Adaptation Actions
Whitney Reynier, EcoAdapt
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Have you ever wanted to try a new restaurant, but feel overwhelmed with the number of choices available to you? Managers and planners face a similar dilemma when trying to identify and prioritize specific climate change adaptation actions to use in response to increasing climate stressors. Enter the Available Science Assessment Process, which evaluates the scientific knowledge and evidence backing different climate change adaptation actions to provide a review of the conditions, time frames, and geographic areas where actions may be most effective. By evaluating and prioritizing actions based on supporting science, actions may have a higher chance of being successful, facilitating more effective and efficient resource management in the face of climate change. This poster will provide an overview of the Available Science Assessment Process (ASAP), as well as two case studies of the ASAP in action evaluating wildfire climate adaptation actions in Northwest national forests and sea level rise climate adaptation actions along the Pacific Northwest coast. This process provides an adaptive and replicable model for science-based assessments that can be applied to varying topics, scales, and sectors, and utilized by a wide range of agencies and other interested parties. This project is a public-private partnership between the Northwest Climate Science Center, Oregon State University’s Institute for Natural Resources, and EcoAdapt.

Co-authors:
  • Rachel M. Gregg, EcoAdapt
  • Lisa J. Gaines, Institute for Natural Resources - Oregon State University
  • Jeffrey Behan, Institute for Natural Resources - Oregon State University
  • Nicole DeCrappeo, Northwest Climate Science Center
  • Gustavo Bisbal, Northwest Climate Science Center
Poster # 106
Engaging local communities in sea level rise adaptation
Tina Whitman, Friends of the San Juans
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Located in the Salish Sea, the San Juan Archipelago's 410 miles of saltwater shorelines support ecologically, culturally and economically significant species including salmon and orca whales. As with many coastal communities, shoreline armoring threatens marine ecosystems by changing beach processes, damaging habitat and impacting marine food webs. With rising seas, armoring will cause further narrowing of the beach and losses of nearshore habitats in a process known as the coastal squeeze. Demand for hard armoring is expected to increase as storminess and rising sea levels threaten public and private infrastructure. As our community and region relies on a healthy marine ecosystem for its economic well-being, the development of climate adaptation strategies that improve the resilience of both human and natural systems are essential.
In 2014, Friends of the San Juans and partner Coastal Geologic Services completed a sea level rise vulnerability model that assessed both erosion and floods hazards. Recent work has focused on communicating sea level rise information. New graphics and tools were developed, meetings were conducted with public land managers and a pilot community workshop was held to test communication techniques. These focused outreach, engagement and site specific efforts have identified multiple habitat friendly adaptation projects. Effective techniques included the sharing of detailed maps, decision support tools and a local, case study approach to framing the adaptation conversation. The presentation will highlight primary methods, lessons learned, and key opportunities and barriers to improving habitat and coastal resilience through targeted work with community members and shoreline property owners.

Co-authors:
  • Andrea Maclennan, Coastal Geologic Services

Southeast

Poster # 107
Fort Lauderdale's Seawall Ordinance - How Community Engagement Shapes Adaptation Policy
Nancy J Gassman, Fort Lauderdale
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Faced with widespread street flooding from extreme high tides in September of 2015, the City of Fort Lauderdale Commission directed staff to revise City code to set a minimum seawall elevation. An internal team of subject matter experts was convened to outline the major issues of concern and begin developing language for stakeholder review. The initial proposed ordinance, called the Public Discussion draft, established standards for seawall construction that mitigated the effects of tidal flooding and sea level rise consistent with the City’s 2035 Fast Forward Fort Lauderdale vision of being “A safe and resilient City”. The Public Discussion draft set both a minimum and maximum seawall elevation, contained a provision to maintain seawalls in good repair, and included a requirement that every seawall in the City would have to be raised to the new minimum elevation by the year 2035. The widespread impact and the costs associated with implementation resulted in invitations by concerned property owners to present the draft ordinance at numerous homeowners’ associations meetings and other special interest groups. Sixty days and sixteen public meetings later, the draft that came before the Commission for approval was very different than the original public discussion draft. The mandate to increase seawall heights was limited to new construction and those properties cited for contributing to the flooding of public right of ways and adjacent private properties. Because of the extensive public outreach and staff’s responsiveness to the feedback, the final ordinance was adopted with little public comment or resistance.

Co-authors:
  • Nancy J Gassman, Ph.D, City of Fort Lauderdale
Poster # 108
Moving Toward Resilience: A Structured Resilience Planning Process in Asheville, North Carolina
Karin Rogers, UNC Asheville's NEMAC
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Communities across the United States are recognizing an increasing need to plan for the future as they face challenges posed by climate threats. In order to meet this need, UNC Asheville’s National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC) has developed tools, processes, and techniques for planning to move the climate resilience discussion out of the theoretical and research arenas into practical application. As a boundary organization working with both science producers and users, NEMAC has partnered with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other federal partners to work with communities across the Southeast in building climate resilience.

Recently, NEMAC worked with municipal staff from the City of Asheville, North Carolina, to apply the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit’s “Steps to Resilience” —a five step process for resilience planning that is structured, based on vulnerability and risk, and leads communities to action. Building on the foundation of work that started after a major flooding event in Asheville in 2004, NEMAC worked with the City over the course of six months in 2016 to assess key vulnerabilities and risks to climate-related threats and to develop a set of actions to build resilience, resulting in a Climate Resilience Plan for the City of Asheville. Using the Asheville work as a case study, we highlight some of the main components of the process and how the results are being integrated with municipal and regional hazard mitigation, sustainability, and comprehensive plans.

Co-authors:
  • Matt Hutchins, UNC Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC)
  • James Fox, UNC Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC)
  • Nina Hall, UNC Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC)

Southwest

Poster # 109
Assessing the distribution of Civic Environmental Stewardship and its relationship to demographics in Los Angeles
Krystle Golly, Loyola Marymount University
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As the attention of combating climate change becomes more focused through the development and implementation of policy at the local level, it is critical to evaluate and understand the needs of the affected communities. The needs of urban communities differ greatly depending on the various neighborhood differences between the downtown districts to the fringes of the urban area. This study will focus on the various organizations that perform a type of environmental stewardship within the boundaries of Los Angeles County. Analyses examined the distribution of the organizations and their stewardship activities, the services and activities provided by each organization, and the self-identified geographic boundaries of their work. These data were used to develop various layers on ArcGIS, a geographic information system, to allow for a visualization of environmental stewardship “turfs” within county boundaries. The distribution of stewardship activities was then compared to the demographics of various communities. We will discuss the preliminary results, including whether the geographic gaps in environmental stewardship activities and services are associated with certain demographic groups. In addition to research results, a product of this study is the detailed ArcGIS map providing a visualization of the extent of environmental stewardship activity throughout the County. This can provide critical information to be used by policymakers and other decision makers in order to develop and implement policies that will benefit the neighborhoods they serve, while also helping to empower the underserved communities by providing critical information that individuals can utilize to affect change within their communities.

Co-authors:
  • Michele Romolini, LMU Center for Urban Resilience
  • Brianne Gilbert, LMU Center for the Study of Los Angeles
  • Eric Strauss, LMU Center for Urban Resilience
Poster # 110
Using long-term climate information for on-farm adaptation planning: Farmers’ needs versus modeling capabilities
Kripa Akila Jagannathan, UC Berkeley
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Despite substantial advances in modeling, long-term climate projections are not widely used by farmers. Literature suggests that this maybe because crop-specific, local and decision-relevant climate information is not readily available to farmers. This research aims to bridge this gap between climate science and decision-making needs, by providing an improved understanding of what farmers’ consider as decision-relevant climate information, and how these needs compare with current modeling capabilities.
This project focuses on fruit and nut crops in California’s central valley, which is one of the world’s largest producers of almonds, pistachios, cherries and other stone fruits. Changes in climate within the 25-30 year lifetime of these perennial tree crops can adversely impact crop yield and quality, making them vulnerable to medium and long-term climate change. Also, there is growing evidence that such impacts are already being experienced in the region.
Semi-structured, exploratory interviews were conducted with farmers, farm advisors, and other industry stakeholders, with three goals: (1) to understand how climate information has been used in the past; (2) to identify key climatic variables for the crops - including appropriate temporal scales and uncertainty levels acceptable to growers; and (3) to understand communication methods that could improve the usability of future climate information for decision-making.
Further, the project also includes an analysis of how well current models are able to predict the decision-relevant climatic metrics identified by farmers. Uncertainties in future projections were evaluated and assessed in conjunction with farmer inputs, to understand the limitations in providing usable long-term projections.

Co-authors:
  • Andrew Jones, Lawrence Berkeley Lab
  • Tapan Pathak, UC Merced
  • David Doll, UC Cooperative Extension
  • Amber Kerr, UC Davis
Poster # 111
From Planning to Implementation: Best Practices from California
Julia Kim, Local Government Commission
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The Alliance of Regional Collaboratives for Climate Adaptation (ARCCA) is a network comprised of leading regional climate collaboratives from across California. Through ARCCA, member regional collaboratives have come together to amplify and solidify their individual efforts, as well as to give a stronger voice to regionalism at the state and federal levels.

This poster will share key best practices and lessons learned from ARCCA's 6 member regional collaboratives that span California, as well as from their individual public, private, and nonprofit members. All collaboratives are working to find strategies to effectively advance from planning to implementation and we will aim to focus on this topic when sharing best practices.

Co-authors:
  • Julia Kim, Local Government Commission
Poster # 112
Assessing the Integration of Climate Change into BLM Planning Documents in Colorado
Julia Nave, Western State Colorado University Master in Environmental Management
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Many western communities are surrounded by public lands that support land-based livelihoods and local economies. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) decision-making affects the vulnerability of those land-based livelihoods, especially in the context of climate change. Our team is conducting a social vulnerability assessment for the BLM in Colorado. One component is a grey literature review, used to evaluate how the BLM is considering climate change and sensitive resources in their planning processes. We compiled and reviewed field office level planning documents using both quantitative word counts and qualitative coding. Across the documents, climate sensitive resources are described much more frequently than explicit mentions of climate change. As might be expected, the documents published in recent years (2011-2015) include more explicit mentions of climate change than the older documents (1985-1997). The review has shown a significant decrease from the proposed RMP/final EIS stage to the final RMP. These results prompt questions about the planning process, how climate change considerations are integrated into the final documents, and how that impacts on-the-ground management. The review suggests a need for increased consideration of climate change throughout BLM’s planning process so that landscapes can be managed with more attention and awareness to climate change and its impacts to resources and dependent communities. These findings have motivated researchers to become involved in the development of a new Resource Management Plan and to encourage climate change integration throughout the entire planning process.

Co-authors:
  • Corrie Knapp, Western State Colorado University
  • Shannon McNeeley, North Central Climate Science Center
  • Bruce Rittenhouse, Bureau of Land Management
Poster # 113
Engaging Stakeholders in Developing Social-Ecological Adaptation Strategies in Southwestern Colorado
Betsy Neely, The Nature Conservancy
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The goal of this project, funded by the North Central Climate Science Center, was to facilitate climate change adaptation that contributes to social-ecological resilience, ecosystem and species conservation, and sustainable human communities in southwestern Colorado. The objectives were to: 1) understand social-ecological vulnerabilities; 2) create climate scenarios and models to facilitate decision making; 3) develop actionable adaptation strategies; 4) identify institutional arrangements needed for adaptation; and 5) document and transfer best practices. An interdisciplinary team of social, ecological and climate scientists developed an integrated planning framework and applied it with natural resource managers and stakeholders in the San Juan and Gunnison River Basins to develop adaptation strategies for four targeted landscapes under three future climate scenarios. Natural resource managers were engaged in selecting four targeted landscapes (sagebrush, spruce-fir, pinyon-juniper, and seeps/springs), working with scientists to develop ecological response models, participating in interviews, focus groups, and workshops, developing social-ecological models, and developing adaptation strategies. The managers identified three high-level strategies for the landscapes: 1) identify and protect climate refugia sites, 2) maintain or enhance the resilience of the climate refugia sites, and 3) accept, assist and allow for transformation in non-climate refugia sites. If adopted by the local community, including land managers and landowners, the framework and strategies resulting from this project can help to reduce the adverse impacts of climate change, allowing for a more sustainable human and natural landscape. This framework can be utilized to develop strategies for other landscapes at multiple scales.

Co-authors:
  • Marcie Bidwell, Mountain Studies Institute
  • Renee Rondeau, Colorado Natural Heritage Program
  • Imtiaz Rangwala, CIRES/Western Water Assessment, University of Colorado
  • Laurie Yung, University of Montana
  • Nina Burkardt, USGS-Fort Collins Science Center
Poster # 114
Linking Community and Ecosystem Health in Shoreline Vulnerability Studies: The Richmond Community Visioning Process
Heidi Nutters, San Francisco Estuary Partnership
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The North Richmond Transition Zone Community Mapping Vision Plan intersects the upland transition zone, environmental justice and natural shoreline vulnerability. The project includes multiple phases, including, 1) Working with scientific and management partners to develop a region-wide transition zone mapping methodology for the San Francisco Bay, 2) Completing a thorough assessment of the North Richmond shoreline in conjunction with community partners, and 3) Working with partners in the North Richmond community to develop a vision for their shoreline working through an environmental justice lens, that focuses on enhancing both natural features as well as community benefits. .
Since the early 1900’s, Richmond, CA (just north of Berkeley, CA) has been an industrial city with several refineries in close proximity to local residents, primarily people of color. A local study completed by the Association of Bay Area Governments ranked the area within the highest “Community Vulnerability” category based on 10 indicators related to housing, transportation, education, and racial/cultural composition. Meanwhile, since the 1980’s, the community has been in the national spotlight for effective environmental justice organizing.
This presentation will highlight the mapping methodology and community engagement approach. It will also cover some of the unique benefits of linking environmental justice in natural shoreline assessments. This presentation points to several cross cutting themes at NAF, including equitable adaptation, community engagement, cross-sectoral engagement and actionable science. This project is unique in the way it is bridging technical mapping and environmental justice to benefit more effective climate adaptation responses at the local level.

Poster # 115
San Diego Resilient Coastlines Project: expanding local capacity to implement innovative and creative solutions
Amber Pairis, Climate Science Alliance-South Coast
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In the face of climate change many coastal communities are striving to be “resilient”. How do we achieve resilience? Are there differences between local and regional resilience? How is broader community resilience linked to natural resilience? As the first California and west coast project supported by the NOAA Regional Coastal Resilience grant program, the San Diego region is actively working to overcome barriers to developing, and ultimately implementing, coastal resilience strategies. Protection of the San Diego region's coastal assets, communities, and natural environment is innately tied to preserving its quality of life. This project is taking a multi-faceted approach to building regional resiliency by connecting several local (government) sea-level rise initiatives in the San Diego region and uniting them into a regional strategy that will effectively protect our residents, natural resources, businesses, and infrastructure against climate impacts. Specifically, actions are strategically designed to coordinate the region's fragmented sea-level rise initiatives and develop regional approaches that are consistent and collaborative; fill key information gaps that are barriers to local government action (i.e. cost-benefit, legal and living shoreline information); and pairing these efforts with an innovative and consistent regional communication strategy that expands public understanding and engagement. This session will highlight components of this effort including approaches for building collaboration across sectors and jurisdictions; using legal and economic tools to move from planning to implementation; bridging natural and human resilience goals ; and using art and youth engagement to inspire communities to explore what “resilience” means to them.

Co-authors:
  • Laura Engeman, San Diego Regional Climate Collaborative
  • Danielle Boudreau, Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve
Poster # 116
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment of Tribal Lands in the American Southwest
Anna Elisabeth Palmer, Ohio University
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This poster examines the vulnerability to climate change of 73 tribal territories located in the American Southwest. Tribal nations in this semi-arid region are inherently vulnerable to drought due to geographic exposure and socio-economic imbalances that occur on Native American reservations. The poster frames vulnerability to climate change as the interrelationships of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. The objective of this study is to arrive at an understanding of the relative vulnerability of tribal nations within the study region. A deductive approach was applied using qualitative historic climate data and socioeconomic statistics to create composite vulnerability indices. Equal weighting techniques were applied for the indices within each of the three vulnerability elements. The main output of this study are composite vulnerability index scores that detect differences in vulnerability across tribal lands providing, therefore, a tool for more effective policy interventions that address these phenomena. It presents the first large scale comparative cross territory study of tribal climate vulnerability. The final product will be an online map with access to data and sources that allows community members to interact with the data.

Co-authors:
  • Anna Elisabeth Palmer, Ohio University
  • Derek Kauneckis, Ohio University
Poster # 117
Supporting Climate-Informed Natural Resources Management in Southern California
Whitney Reynier, EcoAdapt
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Managing natural resources in the face of climate change requires us to think beyond today to better plan for tomorrow. But planning for the future can be hard - we must not only question whether what we are currently doing will continue to work, but develop and evaluate new management strategies to meet emerging vulnerabilities. Over the past two years, EcoAdapt led an extensive engagement process with the U.S. Forest Service and other land management entities in southern California to help them better plan for and respond to climate changes. This process resulted in a comprehensive vulnerability assessment for 12 focal habitats, as well as a suite of adaptation products designed to support climate-informed land management in southern California.

Products highlighted on this poster include:
1) Vulnerability assessments that examine habitat adaptive capacity and sensitivity to climate changes, disturbance regimes, and non-climate stressors;
2) Habitat-specific adaptation strategies, which include explicit linkages between identified vulnerabilities and potential adaptation responses and evaluations of implementation feasibility and effectiveness;
3) A watershed management program implementation plan which demonstrates how to evaluate programmatic vulnerabilities to climate change and identify, prioritize, and implement adaptation responses; and
4) An on-the-ground grazing project case study, which examines whether and how existing project actions address climate vulnerabilities and identifies additional actions that could be incorporated into future projects to increase overall resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Jessi Kershner, EcoAdapt
  • Laura Hilberg, EcoAdapt
  • Sarah Sawyer, U.S. Forest Service
Poster # 118
Building Climate Resilience in Mountain Ski Communities
Russ Sands, Brendle Group
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Mountain communities are often driven by winter tourism but warming climates will alter the length of the ski seasons and change precipitation patterns. How will mountain communities adjust to an overall reduction in the number of winter visitors and skiers exiting the sport? At the same time, cooler mountain temperatures stand to increase summer visitors which not only tilt the balance of historic staffing levels but potential bring new infrastructure challenge and environmental impacts. Helping these communities plan early is key to their long-term success.

Poster # 119
Implementation of the California Coastal Commission Sea Level Rise Policy Guidance and Next Steps
Sumi Selvaraj, California Coastal Commission
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In August 2015, the California Coastal Commission unanimously adopted the Sea Level Rise Policy Guidance: Interpretive Guidelines for Addressing Sea Level Rise in Local Coastal Programs and Coastal Development Permits. The guidance provides background on the best available science on sea level rise, step-by-step guidance for addressing sea level rise in Local Coastal Programs (LCPs) and the Coastal Development Permit process, descriptions of possible adaptation strategies, and a discussion of the legal context of sea level rise adaptation planning. This poster highlights Commission staff’s ongoing efforts to work with local governments and other stakeholders to implement the Sea Level Rise Policy Guidance.

Implementation activities fall into three main categories: coordination of the LCP Local Assistance Grant Program, outreach and training events, and ongoing coordination with various agencies and stakeholder groups. Additionally, Commission staff has been working on several federally funded grant projects to support sea level rise adaptation planning work and has been coordinating on diverse issues including transportation planning, environmental justice, nature-based adaptation strategies, and integration of LCP and Local Hazard Mitigation planning efforts. These various implementation activities have revealed areas where additional guidance and tools are needed to address evolving challenges in adaptation planning. The poster will also include a section describing next steps Commission staff will take to refine approaches, identify best practices, and provide public information to support sea level rise planning in California that is consistent with the Coastal Act.

Co-authors:
  • Sea Level Rise Team Coastal Commission, California Coastal Commission

Coasts

Poster # 120
Teaching Climate Justice in the Public Schools: Extreme Weather Events in Disadvantaged Communities
Carl C Anthony, Breakthrough Communities
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Breakthrough Communities has collaborated with the Alameda County Office of Education to pilot a climate justice curriculum in the Alameda County Public Schools. The purpose of the project is to 1. Educate the next generation of climate leaders to address challenge of global warming and poverty.
2. Demonstrate actual solutions for communities of color and others who will be most affected by climate change.
This curriculum is built upon proven strategies of organizing and mobilizing communities toward social action and containsup to date climate science research and examples of local, regional, and national examples of real world solutions and strategies for adaptation.

Co-authors:
  • Paloma Pavel, Breakthrough Communities
Poster # 121
Climate Change Adaptation through Local Comprehensive Planning
Lara Hansen, EcoAdapt
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As communities become aware of the manifestation and impacts of climate change on their local systems (social, economic, environmental), it should not take long for local government leaders to realize there is great opportunity within their land use planning responsibilities to address these impacts. Accommodation for the impacts of climate change, or climate adaptation planning, should be dovetailed with any local comprehensive planning effort and associated regulation. Here we present a process, that has been employed by a community, to incorporate climate in each Comprehensive Plan element for use in planning and implementation of climate adaptation action.

Co-authors:
  • Stacey Nordgren, Foresight Partners Consulting
  • Eric Mielbrecht, EcoAdapt
Poster # 122
Resilient Communities Initiative Equity Lens on Adaptation
Paloma Pavel, Resilient Communities Initiative
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RCI, a grassroots coalition representing the disadvantaged communities of the nine county SF Bay Area has created a learning context for state and regional public agencies that is unprecedented. We have had great success developing a range of field building tools and conducting trainings for agencies and communities. Our 2016 Resilience Planning: Engaging Communities in Effective Problem Solving workshop had a transformative impact on agency staff regarding their understanding of planning challenges from a community perspective, created a framework of trust between agencies and community organizations; and introduced a range of tools for community – agency partnerships and for ensuring equity. Based on the success of this training for more than 110 public agency representatives from local, regional and state levels we were invited to replicate the training at the California Adaptation Forum.
RCI member organizations are:
• Asian Pacific Environmental Network (APEN)
• Bay Localize (RCI coordinator): .
• Breakthrough Communities:
• Communities for a Better Environment (CBE)
• Environmental Justice Coalition for Water (EJCW):
• Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice:
• North Bay Organizing Project
• Movement Generation Justice and Ecology Project
• West Oakland Environmental Indicators Project (WOEIP)
• Youth United for Community Action (YUCA):

Co-authors:
  • Carl Anthony, Breakthrough Communities
  • Colin Miller, Rooted in Resilience
  • Corrinne Van Hook, Rooted in Resilience
  • Colin Bailey, Environmental Justice Coalition for Water
  • Bradley Angel, Greenaction
  • Nahal Ghoghaie, Environmental Justice Coalition for Water
  • Margaret Gordon, West Oakland Environmental Indicators Project
  • Brian Beveridge, West Oakland Environmental Indicators Project
  • Tameeka Bennett, Youth United
  • Danette Pheonix Lambert, Resilient Communities Initiative
  • Hannah Doress, Shore Up Marin
  • Davin Cardenas, North Bay Organizing Project
  • Nile Malloy, formerly of Communities for a Better Environment
  • Marie Harrison, Greenaction for Environmental Justice
  • Taj James, Movement Strategy Center
  • Paloma Pavel, Breakthrough Communities
Poster # 123
Beavers Trump Climate Change! A rodent inspires action.
Kent Woodruff, USFS Methow Valley Ranger District
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Beavers were trapped to near extinction in the 1800s. Streams and rivers were so altered that we don’t even know what they were like pre-settlement. Hudson’s Bay Company beaver removal was a powerful impact to our country. With the impacts of climate change accelerating, beavers’ new role as adaptation specialist is becoming clear. Beaver dams provide fire breaks along streams; they soften impacts of floods as storms become more powerful; they raise water tables that provides for rapid vegetation recovery following fire; they store water that helps streams continue to flow as snowpack in the West steadily diminishes. The Methow Beaver Project has returned beavers to headwaters streams for more than 16 years to provide landscape resilience that has been missing and is now more needed than ever. 336 beavers have been relocated and 45 new sites are storing millions of gallons of water in more than 160 beaver ponds. We realize that the work before us to maintain ecosystem function and retain species and landscapes that we care about is not a sprint, it is a marathon. We know that for 10 Decades or more, we – and those who come after us – will be responding to climate change. That is why we want to inspire as many as possible to incorporate all kinds of climate adaptation one stick at a time, one project at a time, and one decade at a time. http://methowsalmon.org/beaverproject.html
We have learned that beavers are likeable ‘icebreakers’ for conversations about climate change!