POSTERS

POSTERS

Organizer: 
Alex Score
EcoAdapt
Time Slot: 
Margaret A. Davidson Networking Reception, Poster Session, and CAKE Tools Cafe
Session Type: 
Symposium
Cross-Cutting Themes: 

Presentations

National

Poster # 1
Fostering Just Community Resilience, Equitable Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Policies and Comprehensive Action Plans
Huda Alkaff, Wisconsin Green Muslims
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This poster aims to explore the realities of climate risks, and climate adaptation and mitigation looking at international and federal laws as well as grassroots actions from communities on the frontline of climate crises. In so doing, we are grounded in shared definitions and core principles of just adaptation and mitigation and science that informs the risks and calamities of sea level rise, flooding, drought and wildfire and other disasters to communities. We will also highlight policies, initiatives and programs that can better help communities cope with a variety of climate-induced disasters and displacements and build strong resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Amanda Devecka-Rinear, New Jersey Organizing Project
  • Tim Judson, Nuclear Information and Resource Service
  • Erika Spanger-Siegfried, Union of Concerned Scientists
Poster # 2
Assessing the State of Climate Adaptation in the Marine and Coastal United States
Kathryn Braddock, EcoAdapt
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Climate change threatens the success and longevity of conservation, planning, and management. Decision makers are faced with the challenge of developing and implementing options that are suitable under changing climate conditions. The field of climate adaptation is in a period of critical transition as it rushes to meet the needs of a growing user base struggling to address the challenges of climate change. Support for adaptation appears to have grown in response to recent events, such as hurricanes and tropical storms. Identifying what approaches are being implemented and to what degree of success expands the list of options for marine and coastal managers seeking to address climate change impacts. EcoAdapt’s State of Adaptation Program aims to achieve this by surveying practitioners, assessing adaptation projects and action effectiveness, crafting in-depth case studies, and synthesizing information into comprehensive reports. These assessments allow us to assess professionals’ understanding and concerns about climate change, and identify the current status of policies and mechanisms that enable and restrict adaptation action. The overarching goal of this project is to identify, synthesize, and/or update climate adaptation activities in the marine and coastal environments of the United States that have emerged since 2011, when we released the results of our previous survey of marine and coastal adaptation efforts in North America. This project includes updating existing case studies, identifying new projects, and expanding the project geography to include new areas such as the Pacific and Caribbean U.S. states, territories, and commonwealths.

Co-authors:
  • Rachel Gregg, EcoAdapt
Poster # 3
Design and Planning Strategies for Climate Resilience
Gary Brown, American Society of Landscape Architects
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Climate change is a threat to people and the ecosystem services on which we depend. Even without climate change, standard development practices are putting people and communities at risk. We need a new paradigm for planning, building, and enhancing communities that works in tandem with natural systems and considers the needs of all. The report of the American Society of Landscape Architects interdisciplinary Blue Ribbon Panel on Climate Change and Resilience is a call to action and an invitation to collaboration. The Panel identifies the most critical planning- and design-based approaches for creating healthy, climate-smart, and resilient communities, along with specific public policy recommendations to support those approaches. Recommendations cover natural systems, community development, vulnerable communities, transportation, and agriculture, and are applicable to communities of all sizes and in all regions. A unique feature of the Panel and its recommendations are their interdisciplinary nature, drawing on expertise from planning, landscape architecture, engineering, environmental science, and public policy.

Co-authors:
  • Nancy Somerville, CEO
  • Jonathan Bronk, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Poster # 4
The iCASS Platform: Nine principles for landscape conservation design
Robert M. Campellone, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
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The Anthropocene presents society with a super wicked problem comprised of multiple contingent and conflicting issues driven by a complex array of change agents. Super wicked problems cannot be adequately addressed using siloed decision-making approaches developed by hierarchical institutions using science that is compartmentalized by discipline. Adaptive solutions will rest on human ingenuity that fosters transformation towards sustainability. To successfully achieve these objectives, conservation and natural resource practitioners need a paradigm that transcends single-institution interests and decision-making processes. We propose a platform for an emerging and evolutionary step change in sustainability planning: landscape conservation design (LCD). We use existing governance and adaptation planning principles to develop an iterative, flexible innovation systems framework-the "iCASS Platform." It consists of nine principles and five attributes that are organized around four cornerstones of innovation: people, purpose, process, and product. The iCASS Platform can facilitate LCD via processes that aim to create and empower social networks, foster stakeholder involvement, engender co-production and cross pollination of knowledge, and provide multiple opportunities for deliberation, transparency, and collaborative decision-making. Our intention is to pivot from single-institution, siloed assessment and planning to stakeholder-driven, participatory design, leading to collaborative decision-making and extensive landscape conservation.

Co-authors:
  • Kristina M. Chouinard, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Nicholas A. Fisichelli, Schoodicinstitute
  • John A. Gallo, Conservation Biology
  • Joseph R. Lujan, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Ronald J. McCormick, Bureau of Land Management
  • Thomas A. Miewald, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Brent A. Murry, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • D. John Pierce, Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife
  • Daniel R. Shively, USDA-Forest Service
Poster # 5
Expanding the role of human behavior in climate change adaptation: Proposed framework and practices
Jennifer Carman, University of Michigan
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Human behavior is important to successful climate change adaptation, but behavior change strategies currently play only a minimal role in adaptation planning and policy. This exclusion matters because human behaviors can support – or undermine – institutional and infrastructural adaptations, while behavior itself is driven by psychological and interpersonal factors as well as institutional and infrastructural factors. Behavioral strategies have been excluded not because of a lack of research but a lack of research usability: namely, ambiguities about what constitutes individual-level human adaptation behavior, and about what strategies might support these behaviors. In fact, scholars define adaptation behavior in incomplete and sometimes contradictory ways. Based on a review of 51 academic papers, we propose to define adaptation behavior as responding, either on one’s own or with others, to anticipated and actual consequences of climate change. We offer a typology of applicable individual- and household-level behaviors: coping, learning, pro-environmental actions, citizenship actions, self-protection actions, household protection actions, lifestyle change, and migration. We also propose a framework of psychological and interpersonal factors that may predict these behaviors – such as personal values, risk perceptions, and social connections – and their relationships to behavior. Finally, we discuss potential intervention strategies that integrate these factors, including not only information dissemination but also mental health support. We conclude by discussing key considerations for adaptation professionals when including behavior change strategies. Our goal is to advance individual-level adaptation behavior research and practice, to safeguard individuals’ short- and long-term well-being in the face of climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Michaela Zint, University of Michigan
  • Victoria Campbell-Arvai, University of Michigan
  • Kaitlin Toner Raimi, University of Michigan
Poster # 6
The Role of Parks and Recreation in Extreme Environmental Events
Liliana Elizabeth Caughman, Institute for Sustainable Solutions, Portland State University
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Portland Parks and Recreation (PP&R) is a large bureau in the city of Portland, Oregon that operates parks, community centers, urban forests, gardens, and countless community programs. Recently, PP&R was tasked with understanding their role in resilience to and recovery from extreme environmental events. Through a process of external research and internal inquiry, PP&R was able to uncover the pivotal role they must play when disaster strikes. Our research has shown that in every urban disaster, parks play a critical role in recovery. From earthquakes in San Francisco and Chile, to hurricanes and flooding in New Orleans, parks have proven to support economic, social, physical, and mental health post-disaster. By offering public space to citizens, parks can become safe havens for social and cultural resiliency, businesses and organizations can meet and rebuild, and the livelihood of the city can bounce back. In this presentation, we will discuss how Portland Parks and Recreation is making moves to better support the City of Portland in resilience and recovery efforts, how parks are critical pieces of physical and social infrastructure, and lessons-learned that can be applied in any city or parks department.

Poster # 7
Catalyzing Adaptation Projects In Your Agency: A Half-Day Workshop Model
Sarah Church, Alameda County
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Want to jumpstart a climate adaptation project in your organization? Alameda County has developed an approach to help local government teams catalyze climate adaptation projects within departments or teams. The model involves five steps to plan, hold, and follow up on a half-day workshop on a single climate impact that directly affects the team’s work or clients. The Sustainability Office used this model to hold two successful half-day workshops, with our Public Health and Planning Departments, to address extreme heat and wildfire smoke. Both workshops led to tangible results and further partnerships. The public health workshop resulted in smoke protection flyer translated into 5 languages and distributed to vulnerable clients and a grant to develop a smoke communications protocol; the planning workshop resulted in a grant-funded project to plant trees in heat-vulnerable communities.

This workshop model has been written up into a Guide, “Climate Change Adaptation Workshops: A Planning Guide for Local Government Staff,” (http://www.acgov.org/sustain/what/climate/adaptation.htm) and will be illuminated in poster format by tips and examples. From the poster, you’ll see how you can identify key climate impacts, bring internal stakeholders together, and use the workshop model to begin project implementation. You’ll see how a climate champion within a team can take the lead on designing and holding a workshop on a specific climate impact that affects that team’s clients. You’ll see how the climate adaptation steps developed at the workshop are likely to be feasible and fit with other team goals.

Co-authors:
  • Emily Sadigh, Alameda County
Poster # 8
Developing Case Studies and the Adaptation Resources for Agriculture: Responding to Climate Variability and Change
Adam W Dowling, USDA-NRCS
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The Adaptation Workbook was developed in 2016 to provide producers a flexible, structured process to identify and assess climate change impacts, challenges, opportunities and farm-level adaptation tactics and continuously evaluate adaptation actions for improving responses to extreme and uncertain conditions. The workbook is useful with producers but is also important as a training tool for agricultural extension personnel, crop advisors, and conservationists. It is based on the use of five steps of adaptation; defining management goals, assessing climate change impacts, evaluating management objectives considering projected impacts, identification of adaptation approaches, and monitoring effectiveness. The goal of the workbook is to demonstrate how agricultural producers can consider climate variability and change in their long-range planning in order to improve system resilience. The workbook is being expanded to include multiple case studies of individual farms and ranches around the U.S. These case studies are important to provide localized examples of this approach to demonstrate to producers the importance of considering climate impacts.

Poster # 9
Climate Planning with Multiple Knowledge Systems: The Case of Tribal Adaptation Plans
Miles Gordon, Ohio University George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
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This completed master’s thesis examines the variation in tribal climate adaptation plans and vulnerability assessments and how it is explained by the circumstances and processes of their formation. Four types of plans are known to exist in terms of who convened them: (1) plans convened internally (2) plans convened by university boundary organizations, (3) plans convened by nonprofits, and (4) plans convened by consultants. 34 of these documents were analyzed. Each vary widely in terms of content and representation and use of traditional knowledges. The methods for this project consisted of content analysis of the documents and interviews with relevant planning participants. Key factors found to have affected plan content include the convening party, the presence of external partners, the number of contributing sectors, and the capacities of the respective tribes. Specificity of the problem descriptions and prospective solutions within the documents were ranked and tested against these factors. Key themes that emerged from the interviews included: the importance of community engagement and identification of expertise, the impact of resource constraints on plan content, and the importance of inclusion of traditional knowledges. The findings of this project highlight the differences in process that have led to the most robust climate plans and vulnerability assessments, as well as what enables a tribe to make its own climate plan. Additionally, this highlights the ways in which differing systems of knowledge can be used in climate planning, which has broad applications to tribal as well as state, local, and federal climate planning efforts.

Co-authors:
  • Derek Kauneckis, Ohio University George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
Poster # 10
Resilience in the Built Environment: Building Design and Control in Uncertain Conditions
Sheila Hayter, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
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Residential and commercial buildings represented nearly 40% of all US energy consumption in 2017. The majority of this use was dedicated to space conditioning for occupant comfort and productivity. This presentation will explore options for enhancing resilience in buildings through design and control while also increasing occupant comfort and well-being. Topics will include energy efficiency solutions for occupant comfort and health, passive survivability during power outages and extreme events, and building controls for efficient operation under changing conditions. The speaker will present technology solutions as well as policy considerations for implementing built environment resilience strategies.

Poster # 11
Inland Flooding: Challenges and Strategies for Identifying and Addressing Future Risk
Anne Herbst, Metropolitan Area Planning Council
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While there are readily available tools to predict risk of flooding from future sea level rise, there are no comparable tools for inland flooding. This presentation will: 1) present two methods of analysis utilizing flood records, 2) using case studies, highlight the degree to which FEMA flood maps are not predictive of current and future flooding, and 3) consider the policy implications of this research.
In March 2010, eastern Massachusetts experienced its rainiest month on record. A federal disaster declaration provided assistance to 27,000 property owners who did not have flood insurance. These claims provide a rich database for understanding where flooding will occur in extreme rain events predicted to occur more frequently in the future.
We expect to overcome FEMA privacy restrictions to access the data for the 101-community regional planning agency jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Area Planning Council. If so, the presentation will include analysis for the region. We will present data made available by one of our communities. There we found that 92% of claims were outside of FEMA flood zones and that they were remarkably aligned with an historic wetlands map. An additional community case study will utilize historic 911 records for analysis.
We will engage participants in consideration of policy challenges given the evidence we provide that much of urban and suburban flooding is likely to be driven by stormwater flooding outside of FEMA flood zones. Policy options include local regulation, retrofit support, public education, and changes to FEMA privacy requirements.

Poster # 12
Vulnerability Assessments: Different Approaches, Outcomes, and Applications
Laura Hilberg, EcoAdapt
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Vulnerability assessments are a common tool utilized in the adaptation world. They help practitioners identify which resources may be most affected by climate change and why, both critical pieces of information that can inform management choices. There are many different ways to approach, design, and conduct vulnerability assessments. The IPCC recommends evaluating resource sensitivity, exposure, and adaptive capacity, but there are many commonly utilized methods that exclude adaptive capacity evaluations or use proxies for different vulnerability components. Vulnerability assessment design and implementation can also vary by sector, the number of resources being evaluated, funding, organizational capacity, varying levels of stakeholder engagement, the intended use of assessment results, and more. Vulnerability assessment products can similarly take various forms, such as technical reports, briefings, databases, indices, and others. Different methodologies and product formats ultimately affect how and the ease and reliability with which vulnerability assessment results can be integrated in management applications, such as municipal comprehensive planning, natural resource and land management planning, or project-level planning. Building on prior national and regional vulnerability assessment methodology evaluations, and featuring updated case studies, this presentation will review a range of known vulnerability assessment approaches, identifying major strengths and weaknesses of each approach and associated management application opportunities and limitations. This presentation aims to help adaptation practitioners proactively evaluate and select a vulnerability assessment approach and products suitable for their needs, ultimately increasing the utility and integration of vulnerability information into management efforts to support longer-term, science-based, and climate-informed decision making.

Co-authors:
  • Jessi Kershner, EcoAdapt
  • Rachel Gregg, EcoAdapt
Poster # 13
Leveraging climate policy networks to improve adaptation
Derek Kauneckis, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University
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The role of policy networks has become increasingly important as some parts of the federal government have withdrawn from engagement on climate change adaptation. There are a number of reasons why networked structures are thought to be more effective than traditional government hierarchies. These include structuring coordination across diverse partnerships, allowing for issue-based cooperation, the ability to access resources beyond one’s own organization, facilitating information flows, among others. This presentation looks the structure of climate policy networks among local governments, who the most important partners are nationally, how network structures vary according to sectoral differences, and the utility local governments have found in being network members. It examines the different roles that open verses closed networks play, which organizations are acting as bridges across sectors and regional networks, and the multiple functions these networks provide. The presentation ends with practical lessons for leveraging networks to improve climate adaptation.

Poster # 14
Legal Strategies to Promote Solar Energy, Public Health, and Climate Adaptation
Jill Krueger, Network for Public Health Law
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This poster applies a public health law lens to the public health threat posed by climate change and the combustion of fossil fuels. Adverse health effects include asthma, allergies, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), among others. In addition to producing direct health consequences, poor air quality exacerbates disparities caused by the social determinants of health, in particular neighborhood and housing conditions. Widespread adoption of solar energy provides an opportunity to reduce emissions, increase health equity, and improve health. Communities that seek changes to the built environment in order to better promote health should not overlook the role of law at every level of government. Real-world examples of legal strategies explored may include: tax incentives, grants, loans, zoning, community solar gardens (including participation by low-income households), new home construction requirements, affordable housing incentives and power purchase agreements, group buys, and public-private partnerships.

Co-authors:
  • Betsy Lawton, Network for Public Health Law
Poster # 15
Leveraging Law to Reduce Public Health Consequences of Climate Change
Betsy Lawton, Network for Public Health Law - Northern Region
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Climate change poses a tremendous threat to human health, not only through direct mechanisms such as poor air quality and increased incidence and intensity of heat waves, but also by exacerbating health inequities, damaging ecosystems and food systems, and undermining public health and health care infrastructure. Accordingly, climate change has been widely recognized as a public health crisis necessitating a multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral response. Law has been an indispensable tool in responding to many past and ongoing public health challenges, such as through tobacco control and auto-safety laws, and should be leveraged now to build climate resilience and to mitigate harmful health impacts of climate change. The Five Essential Public Health Law Services (5EPHLS) framework offers a series of iterative steps based upon these past public health law successes to guide legal and policy efforts to improve health. This poster will use the 5EPHLS framework to describe opportunities for various sectors to lead and meaningfully contribute to the development, implementation, and spread of public health laws and policies aimed at reducing health consequences of climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Colleen Healy Boufides, Network for Public Health Law - Mid-States Region
  • Jill Krueger, Network for Public Health Law
Poster # 16
Leveraging Network Analysis to Increase Equity and Inclusion: Ideas and Implications for Research and Practice
Ward Lyles, University of Kansas
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Adaptation professionals, especially planners and emergency managers facilitating public processes, can use the concepts and techniques of social network analysis to understand and improve engagement of all members of their community in building resilience. Social network analysis allows for simultaneously considering the characteristics (e.g. organization affiliation, race, expertise, etc.) of individuals (or organizations) and the patterns of relationships between them (e.g. trust, communication, collaboration). Equitable adaptation planning and implementation cannot occur without engagement of all stakeholders impacted. Understanding who is – and who is not – involved in adaptation efforts, provides a stronger foundation for capacity building, project implementation, and ongoing monitoring. Our presentation will address how the structure of adaptation networks can constrain or enhance opportunities for communicating climate science with diverse populations.

This presentation synthesizes findings from multiple projects – funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Science Foundation – aimed at examining local risk reduction planning processes and implementation. In particular we will focus on connections between emergency managers and planners and the implications of these connections for inclusion of broad ranges of stakeholders in planning networks. In addition to offering theoretical insights and examples of networks more or less suitable for equitable adaptation planning, we will discuss tools and techniques available to adaptation professionals to more thoroughly understand and proactively weave their own local networks.

Co-authors:
  • Kelly Overstreet, University of Kansas
  • Penn Pennel, University of Kansas
  • Rachel Riley, Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program
Poster # 17
Tools and resources from the National Water Quality Monitoring Council
Madeline R Magee, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
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The National Water Quality Monitoring Council (NWQMC), a subcommittee of the Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI), offers many tools and resources to water-quality professionals. The NWQMC provides a national forum for coordination of comparable and scientifically defensible methods and strategies to improve water quality monitoring, assessment, and reporting while promoting partnerships to foster collaboration, advance science, and improve management within all elements of the water quality monitoring community. To aid those in the water quality monitoring community, the NWQMC provides several free tools and resources that are easily accessible through the web. Available tools and resources include the Water Quality Portal (WQP), the National Environmental Methods Index (NEMI), a series of webinars, and Aquatic Sensor Guides. In addition, the NWQMC offers a forum for collaboration, training, and exchange of ideas through workgroups and conferences. For more information on these tools and resources, please visit the NWQMC website at: http://acwi.gov/monitoring/.

Poster # 18
A review of vulnerability assessments conducted for the natural resources of the U.S. National Parks
Julia Michalak, University of Washington
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Climate change poses a significant threat to the natural resources currently conserved in parks, preserves, and other protected areas. One of the first steps in addressing potential climate impacts is to assess the vulnerability of those resources to projected changes in climate. A plethora of frameworks, approaches, and tools have been recommended for assessing vulnerability. We systematically searched the literature to identify assessments of natural resource vulnerability within National Parks. We ultimately identified 69 assessments with either an explicit or implicit goal of evaluating natural resource climate vulnerability in a way that could inform park management. From these we identified four main vulnerability assessment types: 1) comprehensive, 2) national multi-park screens, 3) systematic multi-target evaluation, and 4) single resource or process assessments. Comprehensive and single resource assessments were the most common. Nearly all the I&M parks have been included in at least one CCVA to date. However, only 18% of I&M parks have been the subject of a comprehensive CCVA that seeks to summarize all major vulnerabilities a park may face. These assessments were not equally distributed across the U.S. Parks in the midwestern U.S. tended to be the subject of assessments more often than did parks elsewhere in the country and some parks were the focus of multiple different assessments. The review of these assessments leads us to recommend a set of best practices for conducting vulnerability assessments for National Parks and for protected areas in general.

Co-authors:
  • Joshua J Lawler, University of Washington
  • Michelle Agne, University of Washington
  • Robert Emmet, University of Washington
  • Hsin-Wu Hsu, University of Washington
  • Vivian Griffey, University of Washington
Poster # 19
Resilient Water Infrastructure: Change at the District Scale
Pete Munoz, Biohabitats
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Improving sustainability at the district scale requires an integrated approach to water management. Large-scale, centralized water infrastructure has protected public health and met most of our needs for a long time. But there is a limit to building more and larger infrastructure systems, and as a nation we are rethinking our societal investment in centralizing our water management. Decentralized, small-scale systems are gaining ground because they increase efficiency, reduce energy investment, enhance resilience and protect ecosystems. They also rely on an integrated view that treats water as one resource throughout the landscape. This view operates in sharp contrast to the dominant paradigm, which divides water roughly into potable water, stormwater, wastewater, and ecological water. Each of these has an idiosyncratic regulatory structure, and both law and tradition make it very challenging to break down these divisions. But we simply can’t afford to continue to work in these silos.

Taking a truly integrated approach to water infrastructure and water management requires adjustments to the scale of our project conceptualization, the sequence of our design process, our permitting approach, and the technologies we use to manage stormwater and treat wastewater. A holistic approach varies by project and site, but here are a few of the most common elements. The oral presentation will share advice for creating projects that improve water efficiency and support natural hydrological processes at the district scale.

Poster # 20
Planning to be Resilient: Climate Change Adaptation through Local Comprehensive Planning
Stacey Justus Nordgren, Foresight Partners Consulting
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Project partners have been working to develop a suite of climate adaptation planning tools intended for use by community planners seeking to incorporate implications of climate change into policy plans and planning processes. This session will present all phases of work within the Climate Change Adaptation Implementation Tools project (the CCAIT project). First, Phase 1 worked at the local scale--partnering with the City of Bainbridge Island as a case study for incorporating climate into their 2016 Local Comprehensive Plan update. Secondly, partners created regional guidance based on the Bainbridge Island case study.

Phase 3 of the CCAIT project advanced beyond planning to the work of implementing climate savvy goals and policies. CCAIT helps address a few important questions: When a project is brought before a community for permitting, how are they considering sustainability over the long-term? Is climate change sufficiently factored into a deliberation/review process? How is long-term community risk considered during project review?
To help answer these questions the project partners developed a 3-step review process called the Climate Change Adaptation Certification (CCAC) intended for use during regulatory or procedural review. Using the CCAC as a permitting or decision-making screen will enable community services, infrastructure, ecosystems (and thereby local economies) to better anticipate and respond to climate change impacts.

Users of CCAIT should be able to formulate questions to evaluate the implications of climate change on any element of community planning, and make climate-savvy goals, policies, and implementation decisions that will generate the best long-term community outcomes.

Co-authors:
  • Lara J Hansen, EcoAdapt
Poster # 21
Tribal Resilience Liaisons 2.0: Lessons Learned
Rachael Novak, Bureau of Indian Affairs
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In 2016, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Tribal Resilience Program coordinated with US Geological Survey (USGS) and select intertribal organizations to station tribal resilience liaisons across the Department of Interior (DOI) Climate Adaptation Science Centers (CASCs). The liaisons role is to help tribal communities respond to climate change by providing extension efforts to help tribes access information, data, and expertise at the CASCs, through the BIA TRP, from other federal agencies, programs and partnering institutions. The liaison program now has two years of experience in these extension efforts; facilitating research focusing on Traditional Knowledges and integration with Western Science; and coordinating forums and information exchange. Though liaison network is still young, the lessons learned from the liaisons’ work across the country can improve communication and better meet the needs of tribes through partnerships to promote more resilient tribal communities. This poster highlights some of these lessons including developing more effective partnerships, trainings, and tools that are responsive to tribal community needs.

Co-authors:
  • David O'Donnell, Bureau of Indian Affairs
Poster # 22
Normal Weather and Utility Costs
Hugh Gilbert Peach, H. Gil Peach & Associates LLC
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This poster presents results of simple regression analysis of weather data from ten airports. By tradition, normal weather is a 30 year moving average. The poster shows results for 30, 20, 17 and 7 year averages and how they would impact what is owed to an electric or natural gas utility that is decoupled from receiving revenue based on sales. Utility infrastructure has to be paid for and maintained. The poster shows how evolving "new normal" weather has implications for utility rates.

Poster # 23
Choose Your Own Adventure: Using climate fiction reading groups to promote equity and climate adaptation.
Penn Pennel, University of Kansas
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Science fiction holds potential as a catalyst for increased public engagement for climate adaptation, particularly to address issues of inequity. Recent years have seen a rise in fiction books containing elements of climate change, coining a new term in the literary world: Climate Fiction (e.g. Flight Behavior, American War, Orleans). These ‘Cli-Fi’ books may help adaptation professionals promote and facilitate conversations that imagine complex future scenarios, especially through emotional stories that humanize climate impacts. The informality of reading groups, as compared to traditional planning meetings, can bring people from diverse backgrounds together through a fun and engaging activity that explores the often overwhelming topic of climate change. Climate fiction reading groups may provide opportunities for exploring how resilience is personally relevant, building new connections between readers, and enhancing community-wide social capital. Prioritizing diverse authors with diverse characters will appeal to a broader audience, challenge stereotypes, and even help reduce prejudice, all of which are necessary elements in addressing inequity. Fiction can activate imaginations needed to explore possible futures, new ideas for adaptation, and emotionally connect with people who are different or are generations distant from us - all through the comparative safety of a fictional future. In such ways, this be a useful approach for adaptation planners to spark collective meaning-making that promotes climate action.

This poster synthesizes findings from social theory, political science, and urban planning research that point to the use of fictional narratives as having the potential to reconceive and advance public engagement and scenario planning.

Poster # 24
A Small Business Disaster Resilience Study with Implications for Adaptation Planning across Geographies and Sectors
Jon Philipsborn, AECOM
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Across geographies, climate change is influencing hazard profiles, creating new and/or exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. While vulnerabilities to climate changes and extreme weather are increasingly studied and better understood there is a need for more targeted, beneficial adaptation strategies. Adaptation planning is often focused on sectors such as power, water, and transportation; however, other critical community components require attention due to their importance and role in resilience and recovery.

A small business (SME) disaster resilience study was completed along six corridors in New Orleans. Over 200 SMEs were surveyed on prior extreme weather experience, risk awareness, preparedness, and ability to recover. Results were analyzed and recommendations developed at the business, corridor, and City level. Education and engagement were key components: communication with SMEs occurred through in-person surveys, informational material, and corridor-specific trainings.
Data on preparedness to current and future hazards is lacking. This approach can be applied to SMEs and tailored for specific sectors, such as grocery or health care, to assess preparedness at individual facilities, consider regional implications, and better inform adaptation.

This presentation will review the SME resilience study’s methodology, results, and recommendations. A call for this approach to be applied to SMEs in different cities, and tailored for sector specific analysis will be made. Discussion will conclude with: 1) the importance of public and private partnerships in adaptation planning, 2) the need to identify co-benefits of adaptation initiatives, and 3) the need for more timely data collection regarding preparedness in specific geographies and sectors to inform adaptation investment.

Poster # 25
Improving Disclosure Laws so Home Buyers are Not Kept in the Dark about Flood Risk
Joel T Scata, NRDC
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Too many current and prospective homeowners are kept in the dark about a property’s vulnerability to flooding. In nearly ½ of the States sellers are not explicitly required to disclose to buyers a home’s flood history. (see: https://www.nrdc.org/flood-disclosure-map)

This is wrong. When purchasing a property, people are not just buying the house, but are also buying the risks associated with that house. Too often, home buyers are not given the information they should know about flood risks and are therefore not able to make informed decisions. And it is not just buyers that must shoulder the burden of a flooded home. Federal taxpayers are also impacted in the form of the billions of dollars spent to rebuild flood prone homes through post-flood disaster aid and bailouts of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

The proposed presentation will discuss how twenty-one states have no explicit flood hazard disclosure requirements, while the rest have varying degrees of disclosure requirements, creating a hodgepodge of policies that hinder sound decision-making. The presentation will also discuss how this problem is compounded as the ability to access such information from alternative sources, like FEMA, which has a vast repository of flood-related data, can be incredibly difficult.

The presentation will conclude by discussing how NRDC is advocating for changes to the National Flood Insurance Program that would address this problem.

Poster # 26
Managing Managed Retreat
Stefanie Sekich-Quinn, Surfrider Foundation
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Climate change is already impacting our coasts and ocean. Increased extreme weather events and rising seas are threatening communities, forcing resource managers to devise adaptation plans to protect infrastructure and ecological resources. However, not all adaptation measures are treated equally. Often times, one of the most effective ways to deal with sea level rise and coastal hazards (exacerbated by climate change) is to relocate infrastructure out of harm’s way, also known as “managed retreat.”

However, the practice of managed retreat can be laden with complex engineering challenges and emotional responses from community members. Ms. Sekich-Quinn will highlight a few case studies from around the county where Surfrider Foundation chapters are working on managed retreat. She will focus on two positive case studies where managed retreat is being implemented and will also highlight two case studies where managed retreat was not implemented. Finally, Ms. Sekich-Quinn will provide recommendations about how local communities can pursue managed retreat.

NOTE: Dr. Charles Lester will be submitting a separate proposal that also touches on “managed retreat.” Perhaps NAF organizers can group us together on a panel and include similar presenters.

Poster # 27
Resilient Power: Clean Energy Solutions for Vulnerable Communities Before and After Disasters
Annie Shapiro, Meridian Institute
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Natural disasters and severe weather are resulting in disruptive power outages at unprecedented levels of frequency and duration. Despite the heightened risk of power outages across the country, there are limited opportunities for low-income, electricity-dependent populations to access reliable backup power systems to operate critical medical devices in their home. An innovative, multi-stakeholder approach is underway to examine how novel clean energy technologies like solar + storage technology can build resilience among vulnerable communities during emergencies while simultaneously offsetting greenhouse gas emissions generating by high-polluting “peaker plants”. Stop by this poster to learn more about the energy-related challenges that communities face before and after disasters, how they can be mitigated through resilient power applications like solar + storage technology, and how multi-stakeholder collaboration can ensure that new technologies improve resilience of communities that are disproportionately impacted by climate change.

Poster # 28
Assessing Community Vulnerability to Pollutant Releases from Waste Management Facilities Due to Extreme Events
paramita sinha, RTI International
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Excessive heat, prolonged droughts, extreme floods, and more intense wildfires will not only affect communities directly, but also indirectly through impacts to infrastructure and the surrounding landscape. Indirect consequences could include higher exposures to water- and air-borne pollutants from contaminated sites and hazardous waste facilities. A key step to developing comprehensive and long-term adaptation strategies to minimize such impacts is to identify communities that are vulnerable to such events and the source of their vulnerabilities. A multi-disciplinary team involving the US Environmental Protection Agency and Research Triangle Institute are working with the cities of Phoenix AZ and Waterbury CT to conduct two case studies to develop and demonstrate a method to assess community vulnerability to potential contaminant releases from extreme events. Our method involves developing indicators for key determinants of impacts of extreme events and using spatial mapping techniques to identify vulnerable communities. Implementing this method entails gathering information on indicators of site characteristics (e.g., chemical constituents, mechanisms of release), spatial characteristics (e.g., hydrologic, topographic, weather) and community characteristics (e.g., socioeconomic, demographic). We use publicly available data that is vetted and supplemented by local stakeholders. This presentation will introduce the method we developed and highlight results from our case studies. Decision-makers can use these results to develop and prioritize targeted adaptive strategies, assess existing adaptive capacity and identify needs specific to their community. This indicator-based approach provides a transparent and replicable method that can be applied by other stakeholders to reduce potential negative health outcomes from accidental contaminant releases.

Co-authors:
  • Susan Julius, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Poster # 29
Exploring the Power of Story, Local Knowledge to Leverage Hazard Mitigation Plans for Holistic Adaptation
Kate Skaggs, Michael Baker International
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Budget, time, and capacity constraints, in addition to general uncertainties, can leave planners feeling overwhelmed at the amorphous idea of planning for climate change. This presentation will engage the audience in a discussion of how to leverage FEMA Hazard Mitigation Plans as a holistic adaptation tool for supporting this critical work; through the lens that the impacts of climate change will be experienced as exacerbated natural hazards. An approved HMP ensures that a local, state, or tribal government is eligible to receive funding from FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance program, supporting the implementation of actions listed in the plan. Participants will learn about, or share their experiences with, going above and beyond minimum HMP requirements to include a cross-sector planning team, a robust public outreach strategy, integrating climate science and uncertainty, and developing hazard mitigation/adaptation actions. The overall planning process is an existing tool for addressing climate justice and equity through the public outreach strategy, forming the planning team, and ensuring that mitigation actions advocate for underserved communities to including local and traditional knowledge. HMPs are not appropriate for all communities and that will also be discussed. An HMP is encouraged to represent a community’s values, priorities, and powerful stories to help get to inclusive, feasible mitigation actions/adaptation strategies. This session will include a limited presentation, providing a general overview of what is possible, with best practices from FEMA Region 10, while leaving time for questions and a facilitated discussion for information sharing among participants.

Co-authors:
  • Amanda Siok, FEMA
Poster # 30
Curating a multi-agency set of Federal climate indicators
Laura Stevens, NCSU/CICS-NC
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The U.S. Global Change Research Program commissioned the curation of a set of climate-relevant indicators, which are “observations or calculations that can be used to track conditions and trends”. These are considered to be “an important part of the vision for the sustained National Climate Assessment (NCA).” To this end, an interagency workgroup is managing a set of curated indicators, and working toward highlighting various efforts across the federal government related to climate indicators and how they can be leveraged for communicating key aspects of climate change. Much of this work draws on data, tools, and expertise already in place at NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information and the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - North Carolina, both located in Asheville, NC. This poster will briefly describe the background, goals, and structure of the USGCRP Indicators effort, and plans for growing - and using! - this set of “Assessment-grade” quality indicators, and insights into the indicator "platform" that spans deeper efforts by several USGCRP agencies. Interaction with, and guidance from, adaptation professionals is highly anticipated!

Co-authors:
  • Jessica Blunden, NOAA/NCEI
  • Deke Arndt, NOAA/NCEI
Poster # 31
Energy Planning for Community Resilience
Sherry stout, NREL
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Energy planning is inextricably linked to increasing community resilience. Critical communications, emergency services, and evacuation transportation all rely on energy networks. Through appropriate energy planning, decision makers can reduce the vulnerabilities of their systems and increase their community resilience. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been working for over a decade to help communities, states, tribes, federal installations, and international governments increase resilience through energy planning. This session will present lessons learned, tools available for planning, and technical assistance resources for planners at various jurisdictional levels.

Poster # 32
Climate Ready Communities
Geoff Weaver, Geos Institute
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Climate Ready Communities is an assisted do-it-yourself program that supports leaders of small to medium sized communities who want to build climate resilience, but do not have the financial resources to hire a consultant or the technical capacity to do it entirely on their own. Communities in the program benefit from the following climate resilience support:

• A free, comprehensive climate adaptation guide - A Practical Guide to Building Climate Resilience
• An affordable, companion subscription service that provides assistance in the form of templates, online tutorials, consulting time, and monthly, live support webinars
• add-on services, including climate change projections, workshop facilitation, and additional blocks of consulting hours.

Climate Ready Communities is a program of the Geos Institute's ClimateWise initiative. The poster will be a visually pleasing graphic representation of the program to allow viewers to see the various components and consider how it might help them with their particular adaptation situation.

Co-authors:
  • Marni Koopman, Geos Institute
Poster # 33
Building Regional Adaptation Capacity and Expertise (BRACE) in Canada
Mary-Ann Wilson, Natural Resouces Canada
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Adaptation knowledge and tools exist, but there are barriers to their use and a need to build capacity to increase uptake and advance adaptation actions. Natural Resources Canada’s (NRCan) is delivering the Building Regional Adaptation Capacity and Expertise (BRACE) Program in response to the Federal Provincial Territorial Pan Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change (PCF) report. This Framework identified that adaptation and resilience is an important theme and that building capacity is needed to translate knowledge into climate change adaptation action. BRACE will address regional capacity and expertise needs through activities such as internships, training, knowledge exchange, learning by doing, among others. Areas of focus include integrating adaptation into professionals’ practice and natural resource sectors’ management, and increasing nature-based infrastructure to enhance climate resilience.

This presentation will highlight BRACE’s projects as well as its role in facilitating collaboration and integration across initiatives and regions to share learning on adaptation action. The presentation will also describe how BRACE is working with provinces and a broad range of partners to establish targeted priorities for regional programming and delivery that will advance impactful adaptation actions.

Co-authors:
  • Dominique Auger, Natural Resources Canada
Poster # 34
Tribal Soil Climate Analysis Network Outreach and Support for Agriculture and Forestry
Michael A Wilson, USDA-NRCS
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The Tribal Soil Climate Analysis Network (TSCAN) is a cooperative federal and university effort to coordinate placement of climate stations on tribal lands. The project is led by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and Bureau of Indian Affairs, NOAA Northeast Regional Climate Center at Cornell University, and USDA Climate Hubs are supporting partners. Goals are to (1) provide localized climate data from TSCAN units provided to selected tribes around the U.S. for agricultural and forestry management decisions, (2) strengthen tribal outreach to support production management as well as STEM education, and (3) connect tribes with local entities to strengthen partnerships and alliances. TSCAN units monitor soil temperature and moisture at three depths, as well as multiple atmospheric parameters. Data is made available through the NRCS SCAN website. This project is also developing a web-based platform to improve data utility from the entire SCAN and TSCAN network by linking data to tools useful for agricultural production. Tools such as growing degree days, livestock heat index, and water deficit will provide producers with improved decision-support information. These data will also be a spring-board to engaging tribal students for increasing their scientific understanding of climate, land use and associated technology.

Co-authors:
  • Suzanne Baker, USDA-NRCS
  • Deb Harms, USDA-NRCS
  • Barry Hamilton, USDA-NRCS
  • Arthur T DeGaetano, Cornell University
Poster # 35
How resilient are our cities? Comparing 101 Resilient Cities' Policies and Programs
Sierra C Woodruff, Texas A&M University
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Images of children being rescued from flooding, of homes burning, of hospitalization due to extreme heat raises the question: how resilient are our cities? In this project, we measure the effort cities are dedicating to building resilience. We combine extensive web analysis and a survey of city staff in the 101 largest cities in the U.S. to quantify and compare the resilience policies and programs they have adopted. The analysis includes a diversity of policies, ranging from hardening infrastructure to withstand natural hazards, to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, to job search assistance programs. As such, this project provides unique insight into the state of resilience in U.S. cities.

To become resilient, cities must implement policies that change their physical environment and social structures. Yet, existing efforts to measure resilience have primarily focused on assessing city characteristics and capacities. Relatively few studies document the policies cities have actually adopted to build resilience. The research that does exist on resilience action tends to focus on a specific place, or high-level comparisons of city implementation of a single resilience policy. By comparing the policies the 101 largest cities have adopted, we identify common themes in how cities are building resilience and areas that need additional attention. For example, in the literature, reducing social vulnerability is central to building resilience, but are cities adopting policies that reduce social vulnerability? This work significantly advances our understanding of how cities are building resilience and opportunities for improvement moving forward.

Co-authors:
  • Kent Portney, Texas A&M University
  • Ann Bowman, Texas A&M University
  • Bryce Hannibal, Texas A&M University
  • Garett Sansom, Texas A&M University

International

Poster # 36
Apples to Elephants: Assessing and Prioritizing Climate Risks Across Sectors in British Columbia
Susan Asam, ICF
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How can a provincial or state government prioritize and manage risks across the many and varied climate change impacts they face? How can we compare and understand risks that cut across sectors, geographies, timing of impact, and durations? Even with lots of information about climate science and sector- and region-specific vulnerabilities, how can government prioritize at a provincial scale? The Province of British Columbia developed a strategic climate risk assessment framework to answer these questions, and applied it to assess and prioritize climate risks across the province. For example, all climate-related “risk events” are assessed for their present and future likelihood, as well as potential consequences in strategically important areas such as health (including mortality, morbidity, and mental health), social stability, natural resources, cultural resources, economic impacts, infrastructure services, and cost to government. The risk assessment is intended to communicate climate risks to high-level provincial decision-makers and provide an evidence-based way to analyze cross-sectoral risks and adaptation strategies.
This risk assessment is the first of its kind to apply a robust risk assessment process to cross-sectoral climate change risks. The presentation will explain lessons learned from applying this framework in B.C., including challenges and successes. The focus will be on how lessons learned in B.C. can apply to other jurisdictions. For example, the presenters will also share how issues of equity and inclusivity, particularly with respect to B.C.’s indigenous communities, were handled in the risk assessment.

Co-authors:
  • Johanna Wolf, BC Climate Action Secretariat
  • Cassandra Snow Bhat, ICF
Poster # 37
From the ground up: Simulating farmer socio-cognition and adaptive capacity in response to climate change
Karen D Buchsbaum, Antioch University New England
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Climate change impacts our agricultural system across temporal, spatial and organizational scales. In addition to making sure farmers have access resources for adaptation, it is critical to understand their decision-making process in relation to the institutions in which they are embedded.

Agent based modeling offers a rigorous way to quantitatively test hypotheses by beginning with a set of rules or assumptions about agents and their interactions and using computer simulation to reveal how these assumptions play out over time. Agents can be heterogeneous representing people or entities, interacting within a predetermined space, which can represent real geographic areas or virtual environments like knowledge spaces and social networks. Agent Based modeling allows us to shift our perspective between micro and macro from the bottom up, beyond the boundaries of scale.

A socio-cognitive approach to adaptation draws from public health and provides a conceptual framework to investigate how cognition influences decision-making and how institutions influence individual cognition and adaptive behaviors. The developers of the socio-cognitive framework propose that under certain conditions, socio-cognitive factors and perception play a larger role in adaptive capacity than socio-economic factors on both the individual and society levels.

I am designing an agent-based model that could test these assumptions under different environmental and social conditions and examine how cognitive biases impact micro-level behaviors over time and across scales. Agent based modeling can be combined with other methods to help policymakers and adaptation practitioners understand why under the same conditions, some people show adaptive behaviors while others do not.

Poster # 38
Dry Farming Collaborative: Developing global participatory climate adaptation research network
Amy Garrett, Oregon State University Extension Service
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Farmers in the Western United States are becoming increasingly affected by climate change through reduced snowmelt, increased temperatures, drought, and reductions in summer irrigation availability. Realizing the critical need to increase our knowledge and awareness of drought mitigation tools and strategies for growing with little or no irrigation, the Oregon State University (OSU) Extension Service Small Farms Program initiated the Dry Farming Project in 2013. This project began with case studies, demonstrations, and field days in Western Oregon and has grown into a multifaceted participatory climate adaptation research project with the Dry Farming Collaborative (DFC).

The DFC is a group of farmers, extension educators, plant breeders, and agricultural professionals partnering to increase knowledge and awareness of dry farming management practices with a hands-on participatory approach. More than thirty DFC growers throughout the maritime Pacific Northwest are engaged in multiple research projects conducting variety trials, researching site suitability, evaluating the efficacy of fungal inoculants in enhancing dry farmed crop performance, improving upon participatory research methods, and are innovating and experimenting with their own methods for dry farming to share back with the group.

In less than three years the DFC has gained national and international interest with more than 550 members from all over the world joining the group via FaceBook. The expansion from a local project to an international network creates opportunities for networking and exchanging information with farmers and researchers in analogous climates.

Co-authors:
  • Gabrielle Roesch-McNally, USDA Northwest Climate Hub
  • Melissa Parks, Oregon State University
Poster # 39
New trends in reduction of CO2 emissions and climate vulnerability
martina Grecequet, University of Minnesota IonE
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Mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adaptation to climate risk are the two essential ingredients of climate change policy, and they should be targeted together to achieve co-benefits simultaneously.Here, we compare changes in fossil fuel CO2 emissions per capita and in climate vulnerability scores over the past two decades in 179 countries.We use climate vulnerability scores from the well-established ND-GAIN Country Index, a composite metric covering three components of vulnerability (exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. We find that 69% of the countries decreased climate vulnerability, while increasing their per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions. These countries are successful in reduction of climate vulnerability but are increasing their GHG emissions and thus failing in mitigation efforts. In contrast, 23% of the countries have been successful in simultaneously reducing per capita CO2 emissions and climate vulnerability. Furthermore, in highly vulnerable countries, increasing CO2 emissions are not correlated with decreasing climate vulnerability.Those countries and sectors with positive trends provide examples for others to follow, as solutions at the mitigation-climate vulnerability reduction interface is essential for sustainable economic development.

Co-authors:
  • Eri Saikawa, Emory University
  • Jessica Hellmann, University of Minnesota IonE
Poster # 40
Showcasing Adaptation Examples in the Transportation, Buildings and Energy Sectors
Sarah Hendel-Blackford, Navigant
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Transportation, buildings, and energy come together uniquely in cities. For each of these infrastructure sectors across Europe, we reviewed available data for the assessment of climate impacts, vulnerability, and risk, what adaptation options and decision-making tools are used currently in these sectors, and why sectors are taking steps to adapt. This research provides a wide overview of current knowledge and state of practice of adaptation measures in Europe and international exchange of information to North America.

In Europe, the “why?” is clear. Legislation is most often cited as the driving reason for adaptation efforts in transportation, buildings, and energy. The “what’s”—what data is used and what measures are being adopted—can be far more diverse.

For example, data used to assess climate impacts are fragmented and do not always cover necessary time-frames when it comes to infrastructure. Understanding the projected costs of climate change impacts on infrastructure is another challenge the research identified.

In each infrastructure sector, the adaptation measures are categorized and their frequencies counted to gain an understanding of the state of practice. The research also identified innovative U.S. examples, such as using serious gaming to visualize climate impacts with stakeholders and the Department of Transportation working with Facebook and Google after extreme weather events that damaged transportation infrastructure.

Co-authors:
  • Rodrigo Leal, Navigant
  • Josh Arnold, Navigant
Poster # 41
Resilient and Vibrant - Case Studies Linking Adaptation and Mitigation Co-Benefits
Rodrigo Leal, Navigant
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What can cities learn from each other about the quantified benefits of action in adaptation and mitigation? The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy is the EU initiative promoting mitigation and adaptation in European cities; this poster session will include excerpts from case-studies and a recent best practice guide for climate-resilient and vibrant cities using examples from European cities that are relevant to North American cities.

One of the Mayors’ mandates is to mitigate and adapt to climate change by developing innovative solutions for cities in Europe. Member cities have worked to ensure energy performance of buildings, renature urban spaces, manage water flows, facilitate sustainable mobility, and manage urban growth to stay climate-resilient and vibrant. The demonstrated outcomes of these urban strategies show that action on adaptation mitigates climate change too. Adaptation measures undertaken by member cities also demonstrate alignment of national and international efforts. Voluntary efforts of local and regional authorities are helping to meet the EU’s climate and energy objectives, for example reducing CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030.

The presenters supported the Mayors’ efforts by researching case-studies and writing a best practice guide for climate-resilient and vibrant cities. The guide is available here:
https://www.covenantofmayors.eu/IMG/pdf/CovenantOfMayors_BestPracticePub...

Co-authors:
  • Josh Arnold, Navigant
  • Sarah Hendel-Blackford, Navigant
Poster # 42
Adaptation Finance in the Paris Agreement Era: Tracing the Adaptation Fund from negotiations to implementation
Anna McGinn, University of Maine
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The entry into force of the Paris Agreement created certainty that the international community would renew its efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change impacts. Yet, for structures under the Kyoto Protocol, like the Adaptation Fund, the era of the Paris Agreement introduced unprecedented ambiguity because parties had to actively approve the continuation of the Fund under the Paris Agreement otherwise it would fade into UNFCCC history. This poster synthesizes UNFCCC negotiations on the Adaptation Fund from 2015-present to understand their implications for the future of adaptation finance. Further, through two case studies of Adaptation Fund projects in Nicaragua and Samoa, the research explores how country rhetoric at the international level aligns with or departs from the experience of in-country implementers and communities impacted by the projects. The case studies, together with the narrative political analysis of the UNFCCC negotiations, highlight the multi-level governance challenges and opportunities embedded in climate change adaptation efforts.

Poster # 43
Stakeholder Driven Climate Adaptation in the Lao People's Democratic Republic Power Sector
Sherry Stout, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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Resilient power systems are critical in protecting and ensuring cross-sectoral economic and social development. These systems bring together diverse technical solutions and integrated planning processes to allow systems to provide reliable, safe, and secure electricity. This presentation will detail power sector vulnerabilities to climate hazards as and the process for engaging Lao PDR power sector stakeholders to conduct a vulnerability assessment and develop a resilience action plan. The speakers will present the outcomes of the assessment and planning as well as lessons learned from the stakeholder engagement process. This work will serve as a model for engaging other hydro-dependent developing nations on climate adaptation in the power sector.

Co-authors:
  • Jason Vogel, Abt Associates
  • Lorine Giangola, Abt Associates
  • Nathan Lee, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Poster # 44
Improving results through enhanced engagement in Canada’s national assessment process
Fiona Warren, Natural Resources Canada
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Science or knowledge assessments synthesize relevant information on climate change impacts and adaptation into credible and useful reports. Effective engagement at each stage of the process is essential to achieving success, both in terms of the assessment products, such as reports, and the process. Successful assessment processes raise awareness of the key issues, build capacity on adaptation and strengthen networks. They also help ensure that the end products reach appropriate audiences.
This presentation will discuss how Canada’s national assessment process has evolved over time, to increase the focus on engagement. Successes, as well as lessons learned from past processes, will be highlighted using results from informal surveys and case studies. We will then discuss how enhanced engagement has helped shape our current process, Canada in a Changing Climate: Advancing our Knowledge for Action, some of the challenges faced, our target outcomes and future goals. This will include discussion of online initiatives, our user-based advisory committee, the role of ‘amplifiers’ and student engagement.

Co-authors:
  • Joanne Egan, Natural Resources Canada

Caribbean

Poster # 45
DUNAS: Descendants United for Nature, Adaptation, and Sustainability
Amber Pairis, Center for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation-Scripps Institution of Oceanography
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In September 2017, Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico causing considerable impacts to both natural and human communities. For this small Caribbean island, the ramifications of global climate change are visceral and imminent — however, Puerto Rico’s is not a story of desperation but of resilience. In collaboration with Dr. Isabel Rivera-Collazo at Scripps Institution of Oceanography
at UC San Diego, Climate Science Alliance, Para la Naturaleza, Vida Marina-University of Puerto Rico, the Center for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and funding from the Wildlife Conservation Society-National Adaptation Fund, the DUNAS project was convened to restore coastal dunes in northern Puerto Rico that were severely degraded by Hurricane Maria. Although sand dunes are vulnerable to damage, they are critical for protecting ecological environments, cultural artifacts, and human communities. By coming together to recreate dune features that were resilient to past extreme events we can better protect critical habitats and mitigate against future climate impacts. By weaving together cultural, ecological, and community values we lay the ground work for a resilient future.

Co-authors:
  • Isabel Rivera-Collazo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
  • Alexandria Warneke, Climate Science Alliance

Great Plains

Poster # 46
Austin's Plan for Climate Resilient Assets and Operations
Zach Forrest Baumer, City of Austin, Texas
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Directed by the City Council and completed in 2018, the City of Austin Climate Resilience Assessment and Action Plan provides an overview of climate projections for Austin, an assessment of the potential impacts of extreme weather events on City-owned assets and operations, and strategies to mitigate those impacts. Resilience of City-owned assets and operations is a key factor in overall community climate resilience when we see that these contribute to 1) Utility Infrastructure that is needed to deliver energy, water, wastewater, and telecommunications utility services to the community, 2) Transportation Infrastructure such as critical arterial roadways that support the transportation and mobility of citizens, and 3) Community Facilities including recreation and activity centers, libraries, and neighborhood centers that may be utilized as relief and assistance centers in the event of a disaster. Implementing the 20+ actions within the following strategies can ensure that City assets and operations are prepared for and adaptive to extreme weather events and climate change:

1. Strengthen Emergency Response: Ensure that emergency response plans incorporate possible climate changes that could impact the protection of staff, infrastructure, and facilities during emergencies.

2. Augment Staff Safety Plans: Incorporate climate risks into staff safety plans and procedures.

3. Evaluate and Upgrade Existing Facilities and Infrastructure: Determine facility and infrastructure upgrade needs and reinforce City assets to withstand climate impacts by providing utility redundancies and other needed facility improvements.

4. Future-Proof New Facilities and Infrastructure: Integrate climate change considerations into future infrastructure and capital improvements decision-making to create co-benefits.

Co-authors:
  • Marc Coudert, City of Austin, TX
  • Rodrigo Leal, City of Austin, TX
Poster # 47
Evaluating the Utility of a New Local Climate Risk Assessment Tool
Rachel E. Riley, Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program
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Through collaborations with local and state emergency managers (EMs) and planners in Arkansas and Oklahoma, the need for a locally-relevant and trustworthy climate risk assessment tool was identified. In an era of information overload, decision makers expressed a need for a tool that could guide them to quality, trustworthy climate information that is applicable to practitioners with little to no background in climate or environmental science. Additionally, experience has indicated that the climate information in local plans is often of poor quality or inaccurate.

The Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program (SCIPP), a NOAA RISA team, in collaboration with the above decision makers, developed the Simple Planning Tool (SPT) for Climate Hazards to tackle the problem. A version of the tool was produced for each of the two states and is a compilation of relatively easy-to-use online interactive tools, maps, graphs, and summary statements that can assist planners and EMs who are assessing long-term historical and future climate risks. The latest versions of the tools are available here: http://www.southernclimate.org/pages/data-tools. A pilot test was conducted to test the SPT’s usability, and this poster describes the formal evaluation that is underway to determine the SPT's utility and to more fully understand its impact. Planners, EMs, and decision makers working in related fields participated in an online survey. The survey contained questions related to saliency, legitimacy and credibility of the SPT, along with outcomes and impacts. Results are forthcoming.

Co-authors:
  • Leah T. Kos, Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program

Hawaii & Pacific Islands

Poster # 48
Knowledge Co-production Helps a National Assessment to have Local Relevance in the Pacific Islands
Zena N Grecni, East-West Center
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Chapter 27 of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume 2, assesses climate impacts, future risks, and adaptation in Hawai‘i and the U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands. The chapter’s Key Messages assess issues such as: (1) reliable and safe water supplies, (2) marine and terrestrial ecosystem health, (3) sea level rise and coastal impacts, (4) impacts on community livelihoods and well-being, including Indigenous peoples.

The chapter development process lay the groundwork for its use by climate professionals. Through webinars, surveys, and workshops with technical experts and decision makers, authors reviewed major areas of risk and new understanding since the last national assessment. Although experts’ knowledge and views varied, group consensus moderated the extremes. The exchange between researchers and users of climate information yielded new integrated findings, and at times led to the co-production of knowledge. The inclusive process also produced new connections and partnerships.

Early evidence suggests the assessment and chapter will be useful in decision contexts. The City and County of Honolulu Climate Change Commission used the Fourth National Climate Assessment Volume 1 (Climate Science Special Report) and research for the region’s Volume 2 chapter in formulating their science-based recommendations and Sea Level Rise Guidance. The Mayor of Honolulu recently issued a directive for city departments to use the Sea Level Rise Guidance in their planning, programming, and capital improvement decisions to minimize sea level rise impacts to infrastructure and critical facilities.

Co-authors:
  • Victoria Keener, East-West Center

Mid-Atlantic

Poster # 49
Assessing Risk Posed to Large Marine Container Terminal Stemming from Sea Level Rise and Severe Strom Inundation
Tom Allen, Old Dominion University
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This research presents estimates of current and future flood risk exposure of selected structural assets at Norfolk International Marine Terminals South (NIT South) under a set of prescribed sea level rise scenarios and storm categories. The risk levels for these selected assets are determined by examining structural asset elevations relative to potential surge-related inundation under these sea level rise scenarios. The Port of Virginia recognizes that both sustainable operations and critical infrastructure planning require information related to sea level rise and future storm surge exposure. Concomitantly with storm surge, tidal flooding poses an emerging threat since sea level rise will also force tides to higher elevations, suggesting that today’s extreme high tide may be the future mean high tide and today’s “nuisance” tidal flooding may in the future recur with chronic regularity. This project estimates the vertical elevation of local mean sea level fifty years into the future, owing to relative sea level rise (including regional subsidence), and attendant increases in potential storm surge heights. The project employs five sea level rise scenarios: 1) baseline sea level and current inundation, inclusive of nuisance tidal flooding; 2) +7.9” (20cm) Relative Sea Level (RSLR); 3) +15.7” (40cm) RSLR; 4) +23.6” (60cm) RSLR; and 5) + 31.5” (80cm) RSLR. The methodology and data developed here may be applied to inform the timing and placement of planned assets. The methods and data can be leveraged in the broader pursuit of an optimization in support of long-term master planning.

Co-authors:
  • George McLeod, Old Dominion University
  • Joshua G Behr, Virginai Modeling, Analysis and S#imulation Center
Poster # 50
A Path to Trans-disciplinary Collaborative Design for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise
Mason Andrews, Hampton University
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Hampton University and Old Dominion University have developed the Coastal Community Design Collaborative, a cross-university, cross-disciplinary program, in which architecture and civil engineering and technology students develop real world interventions for communities impacted by flooding related to sea level rise. The Collaborative’ s solutions developed for the Chesterfield Heights neighborhood of Norfolk, Virginia, were the basis of a National Disaster Resilience Competition award for the Commonwealth of Virginia. As part of a National Science Foundation grant the Collaborative will build on past successes to increase participation by additional disciplines, including Hampton Roads area professionals, as participating students in this field of study. The existing course set, combines lecture, community engagement, and, most crucially, an active design studio; grant funding will allow for digitizing seminar content and improving remote campus studio connections, with monitoring on resulting impacts on collaborative quality. The content of the existing course set, the community engagement strategies and case studies from the active design studio will be presented. The planned transitions for the program will be highlighted, including how the overarching objective to model effective trans-disciplinary collaborative research and design in teaching, learning, and productivity will be achieved.

Co-authors:
  • Mason Andrews, Hampton University
  • Mujde Erten-Unal, Old Dominion University
  • Carol Considine, Old Dominion University
Poster # 51
Adapting Forest Management for Climate Change: A Framework for Building Adaptation into Practice
Katy Barlow, The Nature Conservancy
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Long-term forest ecological integrity that maintains ecosystem functions and services is at risk given the impacts of climate change. Forest land managers must now think critically on how to adapt forest management to rapid changes and uncertainty in growing seasons and temperature, seasonal precipitation and extreme weather events, the interactions with pests and pathogens, and the increasing pressure of human natural resource and urban development. Ecoregional resilience requires collaboration at the ecoregional scale. To address this critical need for forward-thinking and planning for our conservation staff The Nature Conservancy’s Central Appalachian’s program has developed a working framework on adapting forest management for climate change. Our staff manage preserves and work extensively with public and private land managers to protect and improve forested land in this landscape critical for climate resilience in the eastern US. We built our framework from existing tools and approaches used by prominent regional organizations and climate scientists, such as the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science. Our working framework guides land managers in connecting forest ecological goals to management principles that address emerging stressors due to climate change. This framework will guide our process of identifying critical questions for forest resilience and developing management tactics. We highlight two forest projects focused on climate adaptation in our program; western Maryland’s climate-informed conifer restoration research for future climates, and southwestern Virginia’s work to shift forest composition to more fire-adapted species in xeric sites. Our working group continues to challenge our assumptions on forest planning for future climates.

Co-authors:
  • G.A. Pabodha Galgamuwa, The Nature Conservancy
  • D. Stuart Hale, The Nature Conservancy
  • Campbell Moore, The Nature Conservancy
Poster # 52
PIVOTING TO THE FUTURE: PLANNING FOR FLOOD RESILIENCE IN VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA
Brian K Batten, Dewberry
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As a vibrant coastal city, Virginia Beach recognizes and is proactively planning for a changing climate and the resultant increases to natural hazards and stressors to the community fabric. The City is located in the Hampton Roads region on the mid-Atlantic seaboard, which is subject to the highest rate of historical sea level rise on the east coast. Higher sea levels and increasing heavy rainfall impact the region through recurrent flooding. The City, and the region as a whole, has responded through multi-sectoral collaboration between the municipalities, academia, the regional planning commission, military, utility providers, state and federal government, as well as private industry to promote, develop, and implement a multi-tiered response plan.

In addition to regional activities, Virginia Beach has undertaken a comprehensive effort to assess and develop holistic short- and long-term adaptation strategies. This effort, sponsored in part by a NOAA coastal resilience grant, is founded on a detailed assessment of future vulnerability and risk of built environment, diverse population, and natural assets. Overarching strategies were identified, evaluated, and prioritized for implementation across the administrative, planning, and engineering sectors of the City. This effort included 32 strategies and over 200 action items organized under seven goals traversing the City’s government, with regional, state, and federal tie-ins. These actions compliment more than a billion dollars of potential flood protection infrastructure.

Our presentation will provide an overview of the Virginia Beach’s adaptation activities and highlight challenges and successes. Additionally, we will provide context on multi-tiered collaboration and outreach activities.

Co-authors:
  • Jessica Grannis, Georgetown Climate Center
  • Jessica Fleck, Dewberry
  • Sue Kriebel, City of Virginia Beach
  • John Squerciati, Dewberry
  • Tarig Omer, City of Virginia Beach
Poster # 53
Creating Green Space: A Process to Guide Acquisition of Residential Parcels in an Urban Landscape
Joshua G Behr, Virginia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation Center
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Purpose: Coastal urban areas are experiencing sea level rise in the form of more frequent and intense flooding. Retreat from vulnerable, at-risk areas and the creation of open green space for both storm water retention and enhanced recreational activities is a common mitigation strategy. This research presents a methodology for local governments to acquire privately held urban parcels to create green space, manage water, and enhance quality of life. This methodology is demonstrated by way of a case study of parcel acquisition in Portsmouth, Virginia. Methodology: Identification of urban parcels that are most at risk requires the modeling and simulation of storms, flooding, and damage using natural systems and built environment data. Multiple storms scenarios are considered, including theoretical and historical storms. Coterminous high-damage urban blocks are identified and ranked for sequential buy-out. Costs of buy-outs are adjusted for market value, administrative overhead, strategic acquisition outlays, and demolition expenditures. An analysis of return on investment includes the over-time reduction in risk, physical damage, and loss of function. Results: It is found that parcel acquisition is more costly and time consumptive than previously theorized. Practical legal and administrative hurdles, in addition to risk perceptions and sense of place concerns from the community, may substantially extend the times and cost of parcel acquisition and green space creation. Discussion: This research is generalizable in that it provides a science-based, general framework that may be used to guide local parcel acquisition policy in response to increasing risk posed by sea level rise and flooding.

Co-authors:
  • Carol Considine, College of Engineering
Poster # 54
Using ASERT (Action-oriented Stakeholder Engagement for a Resilient Tomorrow) Framework to Engage Coastal Residents
Michelle Covi, Old Dominion University and Virginia Sea Grant
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Adaptation to climate change will require communities to engage residents to help them understand risks and encourage their participation in resilience actions. An Old Dominion University faculty team developed a program for public engagement using the ASERT (Action-oriented Stakeholder Engagement for a Resilient Tomorrow) framework to solicit resident input into the City of Virginia Beach’s NOAA-funded sea level rise adaptation resilience strategy. THE ASERT framework is a participatory approach grounded in risk communication and public participation theory. The ASERT meetings had four objectives: (1) provide an inclusive and engaging process that allows residents to participate; (2) provide information about community and household resilience in an environment that encourages social learning to promote behavioral change; (3) allow residents to give real-time perceptions of risk and feedback; (4) collect data related to residents’ risk perceptions, levels of knowledge and preparedness, to allow for targeted follow-up.
The community meetings took the form of a “Flood Resilience Game Night” with five stations including information stations, survey stations and participatory mapping stations. Mapping stations included identification of community assets, and travel disruption and problem locations related to flooding impacts. Residents were surveyed about their tolerance for flooding and their preferred flood adaptation approaches providing information that can be used by the City as it plans resilience projects. Residents’ responses were used to develop an innovative flood tolerance index to help the city understand the relationship between individual risk perception and flood tolerances, a heat map demonstrating concentrations of assets and challenges related to flooding.

Co-authors:
  • Michelle Covi, Old Dominion Unversity and Virginia Sea Grant
  • Wie Yusuf, Old Dominion University
  • Carol Considine, Old Dominion University
  • J. Gail Nicula, Old Dominion University
Poster # 55
Building Partnerships for Coastal Resilience in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey
Bari Greenfeld, US Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources
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Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering (SAGE) is a community of practice that promotes the integration of green and gray infrastructure techniques for building coastal resilience. The “systems approach” aspect of SAGE means understanding how coastal systems operate as a whole – including physical, ecological, social, and economic factors. Instead of evaluating projects parcel by parcel, a systems approach considers how projects impact each other and function together within a landscape.

SAGE is a network of practitioners around the country working to advance the use of living shorelines and other kinds of nature-based infrastructure. This network is a collaborative effort among federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, and private business and engineering firms. The strength of SAGE is the capacity to share expertise, cultivate partnerships, and leverage resources across professional disciplines and levels of government.

This poster will showcase a SAGE-supported project in Barnegat Bay. A core group of partners in Barnegat Bay established a plan that set regional goals and identified priority areas for the use of green/gray techniques. Based on this plan, they received a Green Infrastructure Grant from the Federal Highway Administration to conduct research in one of the priority areas. The grant project produced recommendations for natural and nature-based solutions to reduce flood risks along Great Bay Boulevard, a coastal highway that was impacted by Hurricane Sandy and is routinely flooded during storms and extreme high tides.

Poster # 56
Decision analysis of adaptation strategies managing heat island effects and increasing risks of heat waves
Rui Shi, Johns Hopkins University
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Heat waves are a grave threat to human health, and the risk of heat waves is likely to be amplified in the future, especially in urban areas. Climate change might increase the frequency, intensity, and duration of heat wave events, and growing urban areas mean that the urban heat island effect will magnify this risk further. Because heat island mitigation through modification of land use, vegetation, and structures can take decades to be effective, adaptation strategies should be carefully considered now. Urban planners and adaptation managers should understand the magnitude of urban heat risks and identify robust strategies for risk reduction and management. We quantitatively compare the cost-benefit and effectiveness of several adaptation strategies, such as green infrastructure, high albedo surfaces, and cooling centers, that can enhance the resilience of urban areas facing the future heat disasters. Since the frequency and severity of future heat wave events is highly uncertain, our research considers a small set but wide range of scenarios that include several typical future climate and other socio-economic conditions. Using decision trees and Bayesian updating, we compare portfolios of adaptation strategies considering their flexibility to adapt to different scenarios as more is learned about heat risks and the effectiveness of alternative strategies. This comparison will consider the trade-offs between the expense of infrastructure investment in the near term and long-term flexibility in the face of these uncertainties.

Co-authors:
  • Benjamin Hobbs, Johns Hopkins University
Poster # 57
The CCRFR - Applied Research for Decision Makers in Coastal Virginia , an Overview
Emily E Steinhilber, Old Dominion University
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The Commonwealth Center for Recurrent Flooding Resiliency (CCRFR) is a three-institution partnership created and funded by Virginia's General Assembly in 2016. From Old Dominion University, I work with faculty and university leadership, with our partners at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and the Virginia Coastal Policy Center at William and Mary Law, to create research programming to help our localities and agencies push the envelope with adaptation and find new economic opportunities.

For the last two years we have worked to develop a variety of research initiatives as well as support economic development initiatives related to flooding resilience within Virginia. This poster presentation will provide not just an overview of the research – which was conducted by faculty throughout ODU – but on the development of a diverse plan to meet the needs of Coastal Virginia including a unique partnership with RISE non-profit dedicated to driving innovation in support of resilience.

While I am research faculty, I am not housed in a college or department but within the Office of Research, and my unique background as an attorney enables me to work across the university, localities, and policymakers in support of building flood resilience. In addition to the above mentioned partnership, CCRFR annually supports localized subsidence monitoring in partnership with NASA JPL, economic impact and opportunity analysis, tourism and business resilience, resilient building and green infrastructure modeling, and more all with a view towards informing decision makers.

Midwest

Poster # 58
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment in a Great Lakes Archipelago National Park
Peggy Burkman, National Park Service
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Apostle Islands National Lakeshore is an archipelago in Lake Superior, one of the fastest warming lakes in the world. This warming has caused an increase in wind speeds over the lake at a rate of 5% per decade since the mid-1980s. In addition, 100 to 500-year storms have occurred more frequently in recent years. Consideration of this marine context resulted in several questions regarding how climate change is and will impact the parks terrestrial habitats. Will the islands serve as refugia early on but suffer from isolation as species move northward? Will increasing wind speeds and temperatures alter natural disturbance regimes and how will that influence current habitats? To answer these questions the park partnered with the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science to complete a vulnerability assessment. Methods included combining a literature review, modeling climate impacts on downscaled data, and an expert panel to evaluate effects on 12 habitat types in the park. Modeling results indicate annual temperatures increasing 6.4 (under RCP 4.5) to 11.2 (under RCP 8.5) F and precipitation increasing from 2.8 (under RCP 4.5) to 4.2 (under RCP 8.5) inches. The expert panel identified Boreal Forests, Coastal Wetlands, and Rock Cliffs as having moderate adaptive capacity and the highest (moderate-high) vulnerability. A demonstration project and effort to identify the best interpretative methods to share the results of this project are currently underway.

Co-authors:
  • Stephen Handler, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science
Poster # 59
Will Relocation be the most Sustainable Adaptation Option for Banjul City in The Gambia?
Nfamara K Dampha, Natural Capital Project (Institute on the Environment, Uni. of Minneosta)
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The “Washington D.C.” (capital city) of The Gambia, Banjul is “very highly vulnerable” to global Sea Level Rise (SLR) and its associated coastal erosion (Coates & Manneh, 2015). Proposed interventions identified in various studies/reports are in agreement with the three general theoretical frameworks for adaptation to SLR (i.e. Protection, Accommodation, and Retreat) (Fu & Song, 2017). Fu & Song (2017) accentuated that ‘retreat’ is believed to be “an implausible option.” However, my Ph.D. research proposal refutes that assertion and hypothesizes that in the long run retreat/relocation could be the only plausible adaptation option for Banjul. The question is will Banjul city be relocated to a strategic location to ensure economic vibrancy and sustainable development in The Gambia?

The only scientific study that assessed Banjul’s vulnerability to SLR was conducted in 1996 by Jallow et al. They predicted that with 1.0m SLR, the city of Banjul would be lost by the end of this century. The study concluded that if nothing is done, 1.0m SLR would lead to property loss of D1, 950 billion Dalasi (US$217 million) by 2050, which is equivalent to nearly 38% of the country’s GDP in 2016 dollars. These excluded the monetary value of the loss of public space and catastrophic damage of structures located in some parts of the city. My presentation will focus on my dissertation work on revising the statistics (Cost-Benefit Analysis) and include other critical losses SLR is/would continue to pose on The Gambian and global economy and their people.

Poster # 60
A Case Study Review: How climate indicators inform adaptation decisions at city, state, and regional scales
Michael Kolian, U.S. EPA
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Climate data and services are in ever increasing demand for assessments and other adaptation-related activities. Detailed climate projections are often the most highly sought-after information for assessing risk as climate change continues to alter the climate state away from the ‘observed’ history. However, one of the most convenient and readily available resources may be climate-relevant indicators. Recent research was conducted into the use of climate indicators in adaptation decision-making through a literature review, focused practitioner discussions, and three illustrative case studies to closely examine how climate indicators may inform adaptation decision-making (Vogel 2018, in prep).

Climate indicators play an important, multi-purpose role in the context setting stages of the decision process – such as awareness and communicating changes in observed climate and extreme events. However, the findings also suggest the potential for indicators to assist in more advanced stages of the adaptation decision process by building support among the public and decision makers and even altering the design of adaptation policies themselves.

This poster will highlight three specific case-study applications of indicators at the city, state, and regional scale that demonstrate the practical application of indicators for informing adaptation and improving resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Jason Vogel, Abt Associates
  • Dana Krishland, U.S. EPA
  • Jennifer Peers, Abt Associates
  • Alexis St. Juliana, Abt Associates
  • Heather Hosterman, Abt Associates
  • Karen Carney, Abt Associates
Poster # 61
Strategies across Scales - Adaptation Planning from Indiana Dunes to the greater Chicago Wilderness
Katherine Moore Powell, The Field Museum
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Climate change adaptation planning has many lenses through which to operate, and many scales on which to apply the actions. This challenges adaptation professionals to reach out widely for expert information about climate impacts and then focus narrowly to develop localized strategies to build climate resiliency into their area. Additionally, while often overlooked, the perspectives and traditions that local residents have of the natural world can substantially influence how they engage in climate change action - stewardship, urban planning, climate justice, and the local politics of ecology. This presentation will contrast the insights gathered while creating two distinct action-oriented plans – one in the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore region and the other for the Chicago Wilderness region. Tying these projects together is a methodology developed at the Field Museum that stepped through the climate change adaptation process in three workshops, utilizing scenario planning, and resulting in highly specified strategies. However, while the Indiana Dunes project centered on a heterogeneous unit of land within a narrow geographic area, the Chicago Wilderness project focused on one habitat type spread across a vast region. The planning process also drew participants from different stakeholder groups, with the Chicago Wilderness project inclusive of the perspective people have of the role nature plays in their communities. Lessons from these projects give important insight into strategies that result in the most effective and scalable, climate informed approaches.

Co-authors:
  • Abigail Derby Lewis, The Field Museum
  • Douglas Stotz, The Field Museum
Poster # 62
Community Resilience, Health Equity, and preserving our WEALTH (Water, Energy, Air, Land, Transportation, Health)
Rachel Myslivy, Climate + Energy Project
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Reducing climate risks positively impacts Water, Energy, Air, Land, Transportation, and Health. Kansas WEALTH convenes leading organizations to collaboratively identify opportunities to reduce climate risks and increase community resilience through the lens of health equity.
WEALTH partners represent the leading environmental organizations in Kansas who have worked together on policy or education on specific environmental/climate risks (food, energy, prairie restoration, etc.). This project challenged partners to view their work through the lens of health equity, which broadened our understanding of organizational work and potential collective action. Through a series of collaborative brainstorming sessions, the WEALTH partners identified impact areas, summed up as CLEAN activities. Investing in Communities by developing Leadership skills and Educating the public with the goal of more effective Advocacy will Normalize climate issues. Community resilience is a shared value in Kansas, and prioritizing our WEALTH resources secures the future of our state.
The partnership will circulate a Climate + Health Declaration in 2019, and will facilitate community dialogs on WEALTH topics as they intersect with Environmental Factors, Health Equity Impacts, Economic Considerations, and Solutions, including practical applications and policies at the state and local level.
This project rapidly integrated concepts of health, equity, and health equity into environmental advocacy in one of the most conservative states in the nation; the approach is applicable and replicable in states across the Midwest. This presentation will provide an overview of the goals, methods, and approach used to facilitate the WEALTH partnership, including an update on current progress.

Co-authors:
  • Dorothy Barnett, Climate + Energy Project
Poster # 63
Mapping the Connections: Environment, Equity, Economics and Solutions for WEALTH (Water, Energy, Air, Land, Transportation, Health)
Rachel Myslivy, Climate + Energy Project
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Interact with a nested systems map charting the interactions between Environmental Concerns, Health Equity Considerations, Economic Impacts, and Potential Solutions as they relate to each sector of Kansas WEALTH (Water, Energy, Air, Land, Transportation, Health). The Kansas WEALTH Wheel was collaboratively designed by systems thinking practitioners with the goal of creating a tool for community engagement. Leading environmental and public health advocates, community members, and policymakers interact with the map to create a dynamic knowledge base relevant for collective strategy and advocacy. This quick overview of the process and product will encourage participants to think more systemically about their work while providing an example of a successful project informed heavily by systems thinking.

Co-authors:
  • Dorothy Barnett, Climate + Energy Project
Poster # 64
BLUEdot Adaptation Toolkit –case study review of a scalable project approach for rapid vulnerability assessments
Ted Redmond, paleBLUEdot LLC
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With limited City budgets and staff, many municipalities are poorly equipped to advance climate adaptation in their planning and policy making. This presentation will focus on a case study of a recent project in the State of Minnesota that created a detailed climate vulnerable population assessment and responsive climate adaptation strategies for 22 Cities and one Tribal Nation for less than $1,000 per Community. The communities ranged in size from 300 to more than 85,000 and are located in all sub-regions and climate zones in the State.
The case study project represents an effective approach in identifying and using key population indicators to support rapid vulnerability assessments while providing a foundation to adaptation design within any community – particularly those with limited resources. The goals of the project were:
1) Increase awareness of climate impacts and population vulnerabilities.
2)• Increase inclusion of climate adaptation dialogue within City planning.
3)• Strengthen adaptive capacity within local government.
4) Outline priority risks, vulnerabilities, and possible near-term adaptive strategies.
5)• Lay the foundation for the development of Climate Adaptation implementation plans.
6) Prevent or reduce the risks to populations most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

Key presentation takeaways will include a review of the tools used on this project; review of lessons learned and opportunities for improvement; an overview of the Toolkit developed which can be readily replicated and transferred to other communities.

Poster # 65
100% Renewable Madison Report
Stacie Reece, City of Madison
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In March 2017, the City of Madison became the 25th city in North America to set a goal of achieving 100% renewable energy and zero net carbon emissions. In joining other cities around the US and the world, the City of Madison is demonstrating its commitment to using low carbon strategies to meet community-wide economic, environmental, and social challenges. Powering city operations with 100% renewable energy will enable city officials to accomplish multiple city policy objectives including job creation and economic development, cost savings to city taxpayers, promoting racial equity and social justice, contributing to long-term public health and vitality through improved air and water quality, and resilience in the face of more extreme weather events. Recent extreme weather events underscore the need for city officials to take bold climate action now.

See the finalized 100% Renewable Madison Report recently adopted by the City of Madison that lays out the road map on how both City operations and the community as a whole will reach these bold goals.

Co-authors:
  • Josh Arnold, Navigant
Poster # 66
The “Bite, Snack, Meal” Approach to Climate & Health Communications
Nissa A Tupper, Minnesota Department of Health
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Many Americans are generally unaware of the current and potential health consequences of climate change. Communicating about climate change has long focused on melting ice caps and a magnitude of data. This communication frame also positions impacts as distant in space (not happening here), time (not happening now), and human relevance (not happening to me). While this narrative has motivated a small fraction of Americans to engage, it has also contributed to polarized views. Research illustrates that public health professionals, as a trusted voice, have a tremendous opportunity to set the table for a different kind of conversation.

Energized by this perspective, the Minnesota Climate & Health Program completed a series of climate and health training modules, providing the opportunity to engage with new stakeholders and help shape a new narrative in Minnesota. The robust suite of materials in the seven-part training module series provided all the ingredients to create a series of communication “bites, snacks, and meals.” This approach allowed the Program to leverage one set of content in a variety of ways to connect with a diverse set of stakeholders at various engagement levels. For example, content was packaged into manageable portions across different communication platforms for content grazing (“bite”), short content summaries (“snack”), and rich, detailed content (“meal”).

This Poster will provide an overview of how the Program utilized the “Bite, Snack, Meal” communication method to bring stakeholders to the table in ways that helped bolster common ground and support new partnerships for action.

Northeast

Poster # 67
Integrated vulnerability assessment methods across natural resources, cultural resources and facilities, piloted at coastal parks
Amanda Babson, National Park Service
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How can a park prioritize climate adaptation across disparate resources? We share a framework for the National Park Service (NPS), developed with the University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center, to integrate climate change vulnerability assessment park-wide across natural resources, cultural resources and facilities. Case studies of the pilot assessment at Colonial National Historical Park (NHP) and the beta assessment at Fire Island National Seashore are included. The method is relatively rapid by using best available science, relying on existing data and capturing expert knowledge over three workshops. One difference in this framework from other frameworks is it separates adaptive capacity from vulnerability, while including both intrinsic and management components of adaptive capacity. At Colonial NHP, archeological sites on Jamestown Island are already being impacted and the vulnerability of salt marshes, roads and bridges will affect future access for adaptation at sites that will become vulnerable by mid-century. At Fire Island National Seashore, in general beach and dune habitats are less vulnerable, but may become so where actions to protect highly vulnerable infrastructure or cultural resources interfere with natural processes. Common issues across divisions were identified as a way to look at shared vulnerabilities and opportunities for coordinated planning.

Co-authors:
  • Glenn Ricci, University of Rhode Island, Coastal Resources Center
  • Don Robadue, University of Rhode Island, Coastal Resources Center
  • Pam Rubinoff, University of Rhode Island, Coastal Resources Center
  • Alanna Casey, California Coastal Commission, formerly URI
Poster # 68
Incorporating adaptation into traditional land protection programs
Alison Branco, The Nature Conservancy
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Often, land protection programs focus on preserving rare and threatened ecosystems, protecting wildlife, or limiting development. On eastern Long Island, in New York State, land protection programs have also focused on the protection of water, including the underground aquifer that is the sole source of drinking water, and coastal water bodies that are important for tourism and local quality of life. In recent years, as this region is battered by coastal storms and permanently altered by chronic flooding, the need to adapt to our changing climate, in particular to rising sea level, has become another potential benefit of land protection programs. In partnership with The Nature Conservancy and Suffolk County, and with the help of consultants from Anchor QEA, LLC, The Peconic Estuary Program has sought to update its "Critical Lands Protection Strategy" for the Peconic Estuary watershed to account for these benefits. This presentation will review the stakeholder process that has led to the creation of new criteria with which to prioritize land protection and highlight the new opportunities it has created, that will benefit both people and nature in the face of rising sea level.

Co-authors:
  • Lena DeSantis, Anchor QEA, LLC
  • Lisa Liquori, Fine Arts & Sciences, LLC
  • Stephen Lloyd, The Nature Conservancy
  • Joyce Novak, Peconic Estuary Program
Poster # 69
Building Climate Change Adaptation Capacity in Latinx Communities in Queens, NY
Ellis Calvin, Regional Plan Association
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The Regional Plan Association (RPA) partnered with the community organization Make the Road NY (MRNY) to identify ways to build the climate change adaptation capacity for its constituent primarily Latinx communities in Central Queens. Rather than a traditional adaptation or hazard mitigation plan, the goal of this project was to identify opportunities to promote resilience primarily through existing Make the Road programs through a community-led process. Make the Road is already active in advocating for environmental justice, health, labor, and immigration issues. Four workshops were held with Make the Road volunteer organizers to drive the direction of the project. After identifying the climate change and related issues of concern, the project team gathered and presented strategies for dealing with those issues. Strategies were categorized on whether they were actions that could be undertaken by individuals or families, by MRNY directly (e.g. workshops or trainings), or required government action, which MRNY could advocate for through its legislative agenda. Workshop participants were asked to determine which they felt they had the desire and capacity to undertake on each level.

When completed in October 2018, the final report will outline specific resilience-building strategies MRNY can implement through enhancing existing health and jobs programs, expanding its legislative agenda, and raising awareness of the connection between MRNY’s current issue portfolio and climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Vanessa Barrios, Regional Plan Association
  • Mandu Sen, Regional Plan Association
  • Manuela Uribe, Regional Plan Association
  • Julissa Bisono, Make the Road NY
  • Leticia Pazmino, Make the Road NY
Poster # 70
Delaware's Climate Ready Workforce Pilot Project
Jennifer de Mooy, Delaware Division of Climate, Coastal & Energy
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In 2016, the state of Delaware launched one of the first state-led efforts to address the needs of outdoor workers as a vulnerable population. The Climate-Ready Workforce pilot project addresses the health and safety risks faced by state employees who work outdoors or in work environments that are vulnerable to extreme weather. The project focuses on the risks of exposure to high heat days and other severe weather conditions, including flooding and storm-related hazards, as well as indirect impacts related to air quality, vector-borne disease, and water-related illness. Health and safety is a particular concern for agencies with at-risk workers such as transportation maintenance crews, public health workers, natural resources field staff, park rangers, landscape maintenance staff, state police, and communications and emergency personnel. The project engaged an inter-agency team, with staff from five state agencies to share health and safety policies and practices. Surveys of at-risk workers gathered input on communication, training, and leadership. The team worked with consultants from Four Twenty Seven, Inc. and Michael D. Baker to conduct a policy analysis and workforce survey and to identify best practices for protecting workforce health and safety. By addressing risks from climate and weather-related impacts, state workers will be better prepared for adapting to a changing climate – improving working conditions for state employees, reducing work-related illnesses and injuries, and supporting worker productivity.

Poster # 71
A framework: creating community profiles for adaptation professionals to understand and engage in resilience planning
Shameika N Hanson, The Nature Consrvancy
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Today we are seeing more the need for proactive adaptation with special consideration paid to communities that are vulnerable to climate change but have traditionally been underserved or excluded intentionally, or not from planning opportunities.  These community members have first-hand experience dealing with the problems they face and creating solutions, but are oftentimes overlooked during periods of major community planning and engagement.  This leaves planners and organizers with gaps of critical information that only community members can address. Residents should be a part of planning but to help plan, they must first be identified, reached out to, engaged, and educated. The process of reaching these members begins with knowing who and where they are.  For an adaptation professional looking to begin researching and profiling a community, no template exists that gives professionals a basic guide to begin this process. With the goal of profiling a community I created a tool that can be used to profile communities to further diverse and equitable community driven engagement by providing a robust way to identify stakeholders, issues, existing ties and social networks. This profile template can be used by any type of adaptation professional to create a community profile.  This tool helps to gather concrete data about a community, questions to secure secondary source data, and resources to help users find information about their community. This will provide both new and seasoned adaptation professionals with a basic template and guidance to build a community profile.

Poster # 72
MA Division of Ecological Restoration Partners with Local Organizations for Climate Adaptation and Habitat Restoration
Beth Lambert, MA Division of Ecological Restoration
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The MA Department of Fish and Game’s Division of Ecological Restoration (DER) is a fifteen-person agency that provides technical and financial assistance to local partners to plan and implement projects that share a nexus with climate adaptation and habitat restoration. DER works hand-in-hand with municipalities, landowners, and agencies to plan and implement projects such as dam removals, culvert upgrades, salt marsh restoration, and other adaptation / restoration actions. These projects advance multiple goals including climate change adaptation, public health and safety, habitat restoration, recreation, and water quality protection. This presentation shares the tools and approaches that DER has developed to catalyze and complete projects including 1) technical assistance and project management in partnership with local communities; 2) a competitive process for selection of projects that receive technical assistance, project management, or funding; 3) local and regional capacity-building for adaptation / restoration; 4) project prioritization tools; and 4) incentive funding.

Poster # 73
Building Bridges: How to create resilient transportation infrastructure through partnerships and other essential ingredients
Jessica M Price, The Nature Conservancy
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Transportation infrastructure is a critical nexus for creating resilient human and ecological communities. Effective culverts and bridges allow roads and railroads to pass over rivers, streams, and wetlands without interrupting the movement of water and wildlife. But undersized or poorly designed crossings reduce ecological connectivity and cause flooding, road and rail closures, and property damage. As we see more extreme rainfall events, coastal storms, and sea level rise across the US, it has become clear that culverts and bridges play in important role in adaptation and resilience. However, state, county, and municipal transportation agencies often lack information about the location, condition, and flood vulnerability of this infrastructure, and funding resources for their upgrade or replacement are scarce. To address this challenge, The Nature Conservancy in New York is leading a collaborative project to locate, evaluate, and prioritize culverts and bridges in target counties for upgrade or replacement based on shared social and ecological criteria. Together, we are creating an easy-to-use online atlas that enables partners to map priority crossings for replacement or upgrade in their jurisdiction. This work supports adaptation planning and action by providing a spatial inventory of all road-stream crossings in these counties and information about which crossing upgrade or replacement projects are likely to bring the greatest improvements in road reliability and ecological condition. With this information, communities can strategically plan capital investments, obtain funding, and identify partners for crossing replacement or upgrade projects.

Co-authors:
  • Nicole Maher, The Nature Conservancy
  • Alison Branco, The Nature Conservancy
  • Stephen Lloyd, The Nature Conservancy
  • Karen Leu, The Nature Conservancy
Poster # 74
Maryland’s Initiative: Building Resiliency through Restoration
Bhaskaran Subramanian, MD Department of Natural Resources
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Each year, Maryland’s coastal cities and towns experience damage to properties, infrastructure and natural resources due to climate change impacts like storm surge, wave action, and sea level rise. These damages put a financial strain on coastal communities and economies.
Coastal resources such as wetlands, shorelines, dunes and beaches act as natural defenses to storm surge and other climate change impacts. In addition, these habitats provide ecosystem services that boost the economy, improve water quality, and create recreational space. We can heighten these benefits with coastal resiliency projects.
The Resiliency through Restoration Initiative directly supports on-the-ground implementation of nature-based projects. Over the short term, the Initiative will demonstrate how nature can help protect communities from climate change impacts. Over the long term, the Initiative will reduce Maryland’s vulnerabilities and enhance resiliency of local communities, economies, and natural resources. Through the state's Community Resilience Grant, 12 innovative resiliency projects were funded in FY 2018 and 2019.
Projects cover a breadth of restoration techniques, including marsh restoration and enhancement, dune restoration, natural shoreline stabilization, beneficial use of dredged material, island restoration, stream restoration, and green storm water practices. These projects use natural and nature-based features as defenses against floods, storms and other climate change impacts.

Poster # 75
The drinking water resilience gap: When is today's resilience rigidity tomorrow?
Galen Treuer, University of Connecticut
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To be resilient to climate change, drinking water systems must respond to short-term risks while preparing for long-term changes in risk. Currently, there is a lack of empirical work on how and to what extent water systems do this, particularly research that analyzes system resilience at the state or regional level. We begin to fill this gap through an examination of the capacities of community water systems to absorb short-term shocks as well as capacities to learn from those shocks and act to reduce future risks. We investigate these capacities and how they interact using interviews (n=24) and a survey (n=85) of Connecticut community water systems. We find most systems have increased their capacity to short-term risks in response to weather impacts and regulation. Most have some (but differing levels) of capacity for learning from these experiences. However, few are preparing adequately for future risks. We present opportunities for reducing this gap by identifying and supporting systems based on resilience capacity, in addition to traditional identifiers such as system size, water source, and ownership.

Co-authors:
  • Christine Kirchhoff, University of Connecticut
Poster # 76
Strategies to Advance Investments in Coastal Resilience Solutions in Boston
Angela Wong, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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Recent studies have conducted a review of the menu of funding and financing options that could potentially be applied to state and local initiatives on climate adaptation and resilience. Cities face barriers and opportunities to implement new funding and financing options given existing municipal processes, other near-term policy priorities, and during the design of resilience projects. In order to advance investments in district-scale resilience solutions, this study investigates: What is the City of Boston’s municipal process, key questions that need to be answered, and stakeholders that need to be involved, in order to determine viability and to implement new funding and financing mechanisms for coastal resilience? What are the key barriers and potential solutions for the City to pursue funding and finance mechanisms for coastal resilience? This is a client-based masters thesis for the Boston Planning & Development Agency. The recommendations are broadened for application in other local governments across the US.

Northwest

Poster # 77
Pacific Northwest Just Transition Listening Sessions: Reclaiming Regenerative Economy and Climate Resiliency
Pah-tu Pitt, Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs
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Na’ah Illahee Fund partnered with Native community member organizers to co-host Just Transition, which is transitioning to low-carbon, regenerative economy, and Climate Resiliency listening sessions in the Pacific Northwest. It is widely known that Native communities are at the forefront of Environmental and Climate Justice, however Native voices and experiences tend to be marginalized in Environmental literature with minimal consultation by the public and private sector. Mainstream organizations are engaged in Just Transition work, however, frequently solutions may not actually benefit Native communities, although that is the assumption. Diversity within Native communities warrants further inquiry and space to discuss their particular concerns and avenues for action. Climate science and Just Transition information is shared in a culturally relevant way. Bridging the socio-ecological dimensions contributes to gaps within climate science where often-times localized information is lacking. These sessions utilize tribal participatory research methodologies, highlight different experiences and identify areas for potential collaboration. Na ‘ah Illahee Fund’s mission is to is to support and promote the leadership of indigenous women and girls in the ongoing regeneration of indigenous communities. Native women, girls, and two-spirit, LGBTQI communities are some of the most impacted by capitalism, whereas climate change is acting as another disruptor. By working at the community level, we encourage supporting and centering tribal and community-based efforts. Native peoples of the Pacific Northwest are leaders in spite of multiple settler-colonial policies and practices aimed at changing their communities.

Poster # 78
Adapting to wildfire in non-fire adapated forest systems
Crystal L Raymond, UW Climate Impacts Group
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Washington has experienced several large fire seasons in the last decade that have burned extensive areas, destroyed homes, caused significant economic damage, and brought smoke into the metropolitan areas on the coast. The adaptation literature for forest and fire management provides direction on strategies to reduce fire risk in the eastern Pacific Northwest where the historical role of fire and forest management is clear – reduce understory fuels, decrease tree density, increase fire-resistant species, and clear fuels in the wildland urban interface to protect people and structures. Fire risk is also increasing in the western Pacific Northwest, but the appropriate response in these forests that are not well adapted is less clear. Large forest landowners (such as the National Park Service and US Forest Service) want information on the change in fire risk, the extent to which fire regimes are changing, and appropriate forest management strategies after a large wildfire burns. Local communities, counties, extension services, and conservation districts are seeking information that will help them communicate the change in risk and appropriate response strategies to small forest land owners and residents in the wildland urban interface. We directly engaged multiple stakeholders in a “deep dive” workshop to understand the challenges they face in preparing for wildfire in forested regions that are not adapted to fire. Through this process we identified information gaps in regarding the magnitude of the changing risk for forests in the western Pacific Northwest, communications needs regarding this change in fire risk, and post-fire forest management strategies.

Co-authors:
  • Lara Whitely-Binder, King County
Poster # 79
Setting the Stage for the Adaptation of High-Elevation Pines
Austin Rempel, American Forests
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Whitebark pine ecosystems are keystone and foundational species in the high-elevation habitats of much of the Western United States. Whitebark pine provides an important food source for a host of species including grizzly bears, facilitates establishment of vegetation post disturbances and retains snowpack.

These and many other functions are threatened by climate change as longer periods of warmer, drier weather are fueling unprecedented native pest outbreaks and shifts in the ecosystem’s elevational and latitudinal distribution. The ecosystem is also suffering major declines due to the spread of an exotic disease, white pine blister rust, and the effects of long-term fire suppression policies.

Whitebark pine ecosystems are on the front lines of climate change as these habitats do not have much room to move higher in elevation. This limit and the challenges mentioned above have led to concern that the current ecosystem is “doomed” and adaptation efforts are of questionable value.

However, whitebark pine is uniquely suited among high-elevation species to adapt to climate change. Whitebark pine are the first trees to sprout from recent wildfire in high elevations and, therefore, are poised to adapt to a climate change influenced increase in local fire regimes. The whitebark pine is also a long-lived species that is adept to adapting to changing conditions over long-periods of time.

The latest research shows that whitebark pine can survive these threats and adapt to climate change. The catch is that the ecosystem’s ability to adapt in the future is dependent on the actions we take now.

Co-authors:
  • Diana Tomback, University of Colorado Denver
  • Robert Keane, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory
Poster # 80
Development of a comprehensive sea level rise preparedness strategy in King County, Washington
Jim Simmonds, King County Department of Natural Resources and Parks
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King County, Washington’s 2015 Strategic Climate Action Plans called for the development of a comprehensive strategy for addressing sea level rise. To accomplish this task, the County: (1) partnered with researchers to better understand sea level rise projections; (2) incorporated sea level rise into management plans for county-owned assets; and (3) began updating land use policies and codes to mitigate future risks. The County also helped establish the Puget Sound Climate Preparedness Collaborative, which is creating a unique forum for supporting climate preparedness efforts across jurisdictions. Each pillar of the strategy requires substantial staff time to develop and management and political buy-off to implement. Several key findings from this effort include
• Sea level rise presents a real challenge to King County and its residents and businesses.
• Most publically-owned assets are resilient to sea level rise, but several high-value assets, including several miles of shoreline roadway providing access to about 2,000 residents and a county-owned airport, will require substantial investment over the next several decades.
• Strengthened building requirements will limit future coastal flooding risk.
• King County has a long history of buying and restoring shoreline properties for habitat purposes. Sea level rise increases the importance of continuing and expanding this effort.
• While many parts of Puget Sound face similar issues, some ports, cities, and agricultural lands face large challenges from sea level rise, emphasizing the need for regional solutions.
• Substantial community engagement is necessary to ensure resiliency.

Poster # 81
Culturally Relevant Climate Communications in Immigrant & Refugee Communities
Jamie Stroble, King County
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The impacts of climate change affect communities differently relative to place, culture, income, language, and geographic origin. Current climate change education and outreach materials cover a wide range of topics, from observed changes & predicted impacts to mitigation strategies, but are generally geared towards an English speaking audience with a base understanding of climate change. It is imperative to craft meaningful educational materials that resonates with and can be utilized by diverse communities. In an effort to develop such materials, we collaborated with several community based organizations who represent immigrant and refugee communities to “trans-create” culturally relevant communication materials on climate change and translate materials into the native language of each group.

Through the co-creation process known as “transcreation,” we hope to create greater awareness, understanding and relatability for climate change drivers, impacts, and actions within some of our most climate vulnerable and limited-English speaking communities in King County, Washington. Over a series of meetings with community leaders from trusted community-based organizations, we worked together to co-develop content and visuals which reflect the concerns and priorities of the community they serve. After co-creating the infographic, translated versions were brought to community workshops for each language group for feedback and to verify if the content was clear & relevant, and that translation was accurate. Pilot language groups were Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, and Samoan, with more languages to come. This presentation will outline the transcreation process, co-benefits and outcomes, and provide resources for those looking to try this approach in their own work.

Co-authors:
  • Zoe Van Duivenbode, King County
Poster # 82
Blackfeet Climate Change Adaptation: Building a Coalition of People Committed to Collaborative Preparedness
Gerald O Wagner, Blackfeet Environmental
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The Blackfeet Nation climate adaptation planning process began in 2016, stemming from a regional network of partners. The four-year planning process built a coalition of people committed to preparedness, resulting in new working partnerships, a “living plan” completed in 2018, a climate change website for sharing ideas for adaptation, health-related guidance documents, internships for tribal youth, and actions being implemented from the plan. This presentation reviews how we got started, how the process grew and lessons learned along the way, accomplishments, and where the Blackfeet Nation is looking to go in the future to prepare for climate change. This presentation is given in conjunction with Libby Khumalo’s presentation on “Promoting cross-cultural communication about climate preparedness with the Blackfeet Nation”.

Southeast

Poster # 83
Use of Actionable Climate Information for Water Supply Operation and Planning
Tirusew Asefa, Tampa Bay Water
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This talk highlights the continued effort of co-producing actionable science for water supply operations and planning. Tampa Bay Water, along with its partners in Water Utilities Climate Alliance (www.WUCAonline.org), a coalition of the nation’s 12 largest utilities with over 50 million customers, and Florida Water and Climate Alliance (www.FloridaWCA.org), a state level collaborative network, has been using climate information for both operation and planning. Recent Regional Climate Modeling effort and how it is being incorporated in Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) as well as water supply planning will be discussed.

Poster # 84
North Coast Resilience - Nature Based Flood Projects in Horry and Georgetown Counties, South Carolina
Joy Brown, The Nature Conservancy - South Carolina Chapter
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The Nature Conservancy and partners convened the North Coast communities (Horry and Georgetown Counties) and stakeholders, leading to a multi-year plan to address local flooding. We have 1) contracted a parcel level analysis of flooding, 2) working with stakeholders to identify and prioritize focus areas around rivers, 3) inclusion of resilience results into county and city comprehensive plans, and 4) identification of nature-based projects that communities can implement to reduce flooding. This is a joint effort with staff from the county and town governments, federal and state partners, non-profits, private industry and educational institutions. We will produce detailed descriptions on cost and other resources needed for each project to provide the communities with shovel-ready project plans that can be implemented when funding becomes available. Incorporating the resilience results into county and municipal plans is a vital outcome for future adaptation and planning. Through education and outreach with county and municipal planning directors, we will seek opportunities for both the individual restoration projects and the resiliency analysis to be adopted into their Comprehensive Plans, which are currently being updated. As of July 2018, projects have been identified for the communities in Horry and Georgetown Counties and Clemson University finalizing the cost analysis. Join TNC's Marine Program Manager, Joy Brown, to hear more about how the project started at a regional scale and the process to define parcel level nature based projects to reduce flooding impacts in the North Coast.

Co-authors:
  • Keil Schmid, Geoscience Consultants, LLC
  • Liz Fly, The Nature Conservancy - SC Chapter
Poster # 85
Collaborative Coastal Resilience Planning in the Tampa Bay region of FL
Libby Carnahan, University of Florida IFAS Extension
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Coastal communities surrounding Tampa Bay are low-lying, highly developed, densely-populated and therefore vulnerable to sea-level rise. In response to requests from local governments in the Tampa Bay region, Florida Sea Grant (FSG) and the Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council (TBRPC) are facilitating coordinated efforts to guide sea-level rise adaptation planning in the region.
The FSG Agent is facilitating the Climate Science Advisory Panel (CSAP), an ad hoc group of experts whose goal is to provide scientific counsel to local governments planning for a changing climate. The TBRPC is convening a network of planners, developers, emergency managers and policy makers through the ONE BAY: Resilient Communities Working Group (OBRCWG) and the Tampa Bay Regional Resilience Coalition to improve the regional capacity of the area to withstand uncertainty and adverse impacts associated with sea-level rise and other coastal hazards.
Together, these groups are working to promote the pragmatic application of scientific data in public policy. This presentation will discuss various assessments, policies, and adaptation tools city and county governments have created with the guidance of the 2015 CSAP Recommended Projection of Sea Level Rise in the Tampa Bay Region. We will also provide an overview of the process, successes and future plans of the Tampa Bay Regional Resilience Coalition, initiated in 2018 and supported by by a steering committee of elected officials.

Co-authors:
  • Heather Young, Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council
Poster # 86
Keeping Miami Above Water: Translating Sea Level Rise Science Into Budgets and Capital Plans
Karina Castillo, Office of Resilience, Miami Dade County
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Miami-Dade County is one of the world’s most vulnerable regions to sea level rise. As of 2018 scores of studies have been conducted modeling future conditions for tides, storm surge, groundwater levels, water management operations, fresh water resources and shifting ecosystems. These studies have detailed the vulnerability of the region by multiple metrics and methods, focusing on everything from mangroves to manhole heights. With a wealth of data, tools and experts the challenge has now shifted to translating the science into on-going capital projects, infrastructure management systems and planning decisions. This presentation will focus on how the County has worked through the implementation process to translate between disciplines, create new design standards, a new sea level rise checklist and new policies in its Comprehensive Development Master Plan. It will also show how it worked collaboratively across departments in order to integrate sea level rise and future storm conditions into the planning and design phases of all County projects. It will also provide a road map for other government bodies working on similar implementation challenges. The presentation will include a frank discussion of the challenges integrating shifting standards into existing processes. It will end with recommendations on how to overcome these hurdles to the integration of climate science into policy and practice.

Co-authors:
  • Monica Gregory, Office of Resilience, Miami Dade County
  • Katherine Hagemann, Miami-Dade County
Poster # 87
Climate Change and Conservation in the Southeast: A Review of State Wildlife Action Plans
Patty Glick, National Wildlife Federation
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The southeastern United States is a region of exceptional biological and ecological diversity, but is undergoing rapid transformation due to high rates of population growth, urbanization, land use change, and rapidly shifting climatic conditions. This study evaluated how state fish and wildlife agencies addressed climate change in their recently updated State Wildlife Action Plans. This work was conducted as part of the Vital Futures project, a collaborative effort of the National Wildlife Federation, North Carolina State University, and University of South Carolina designed to support the Southeast Conservation Adaptation Strategy, a state/federal regional partnership. In light of significant challenges to the health and sustainability of the region’s fish and wildlife populations, SECAS represents a shared vision to ensure that efforts to protect and restore the Southeast’s wildlife and ecosystems for generations to come. State Wildlife Action Plans are an important tool to help states protect declining species and to conserve their habitats, and thus provide a framework and opportunity to foster the proactive strategies necessary to achieve the SECAS vision. The purpose of this study was to: 1) identify the approaches used to address climate change in the updated SWAPs; 2) highlight commonalities and differences in approaches used by the states; and 3) improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities that state fish and wildlife agencies face as they address climate risks. The assessment illuminates successful efforts for incorporating climate adaptation in SWAPs throughout the region and suggests opportunities for making future plan revisions even more climate smart.

Co-authors:
  • Kirsten Lackstrom, University of South Carolina
  • Kirstin Dow, University of South Carolina
  • Bruce A. Stein, National Wildlife Federation
  • M. Nils Peterson, North Carolina State University
  • Erika Chin, University of South Carolina
  • Kaly Clark, North Carolina State University
Poster # 88
After the assessment: Informing and prioritizing projects and strategies to build resilience
Matt Hutchins, NEMAC+FernLeaf
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Vulnerability and risk assessments are often a central activity of resilience and adaptation planning efforts, and are an integral part of helping communities understand the impacts they could face from threats and hazards or from changing climate conditions. However, equally important—if not more so—an assessment should also be able to help inform and prioritize the projects and strategies that a community can consider for building resilience.

In working with communities throughout the Southeast, NEMAC+FernLeaf has had the opportunity to put into practice the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit’s Steps to Resilience and have found that including a few key elements within an assessment helps to ensure its successful use in identifying and prioritizing resilience options. These include: (1) using local data and knowledge to explore threats and hazards spatially from a values-based perspective; (2) considering social equity and vulnerable populations; and (3) using transparent and policy-relevant criteria for evaluating vulnerability and risk. In practice, including these elements has allowed communities to leverage the assessments to identify where and what types of investments can be made to build resilience, ranging from broad strategies to more specific projects.

This presentation will illustrate how we have worked with communities in using assessments to inform and prioritize both projects and strategies, and how in doing so they have reduced uncertainty as to which options are most effective. We will also highlight examples of communities using the approach to target specific vulnerabilities or risks and to prioritize according to different levels of risk tolerance or aversion.

Co-authors:
  • Jim Fox, NEMAC+FernLeaf
  • Jeff Hicks, NEMAC+FernLeaf
  • Karin Rogers, NEMAC+FernLeaf
  • Nina Hall, NEMAC+FernLeaf
Poster # 89
Focusing the Frame: Engaging and Connecting with Your Resilience Audience
Karin Rogers, UNC Asheville's NEMAC
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UNC Asheville’s NEMAC has been actively engaged in the resilience field since 2014. Our work ranges from collaborating with NOAA’s Climate Program Office to develop and manage the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit and its Steps to Resilience framework to the application of that framework with various communities at multiple scales. Over the years, and most recently in collaboration with our partner FernLeaf Interactive, we’ve learned valuable lessons about engagement and communicating with different audiences.

While facilitating resilience projects, we’ve learned that municipal and jurisdictional staff don’t have an abundance of time to learn, understand, and consume a detailed and technical resilience process. Instead, they need effective and clear communication channels that allow them to reach their resilience goals, utilizing different tools for different stages of the project.

From project establishment to analysis to feedback stages to internal and external outreach, NEMAC employs effective communication techniques and strategies—oral face-to-face communication, targeted presentations, full analytical technical reports, executive summaries, informational posters, brochures, fact sheets, interactive spatial tools, and other avenues. We’ve learned when and how these are most effective, when they are not, and how users best consume the information. Using examples from four different clients (and groups of clients) working through the resilience planning process at different scales and with different foci, we’ll showcase some of these techniques and share what we’ve learned.

Co-authors:
  • Nina Flagler Hall, UNC Asheville's NEMAC
Poster # 90
Transferring Climate Adaptation Knowledge and Tools from New England to Georgetown, South Carolina
Maeve Snyder, North Inlet - Winyah Bay NERR
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Building on the successful outcomes of the New England Climate Adaptation Project (NECAP), the Georgetown Climate Adaptation Project (GCAP) utilizes Role Play Simulations (RPS) as an innovative tool to address local planning for climate adaptation. Georgetown, South Carolina experienced two major hurricanes and a thousand-year flood event between 2015 and 2018, resulting in threats to life, ecosystem impacts, infrastructure and housing damages, and lost business revenue and school days. Role Play Simulations prepare communities for collective adaptation planning using a case study exercise based on local interviews and stakeholder assessments. The simulations also incorporate climate data projections specific to Georgetown County developed by University of South Carolina faculty in the Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) program. In the RPS, a group of six hypothetical stakeholders are challenged to reach consensus on which projects out of several options the county should prioritize to address flooding. Local community members participating in the workshops will step into someone else’s shoes and collaborate to solve problems. The North Inlet - Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve and Coastal Carolina University, in collaboration with the Consensus Building Institute, will host several RPS workshops throughout fall 2018. This proposal is to present the results of these workshops. Outcomes will be evaluated using pre- and post-workshop surveys that measure participants’ attitudes toward climate change, collective adaptation planning, and the role of local government in addressing climate issues. These conversations have implications for comprehensive planning and local policy around flooding and climate change.

Co-authors:
  • Jennifer Plunket, North Inlet Winyah Bay NERR
  • Pamela Martin, Coastal Carolina University
  • Carri Hulet, Consensus Building Institute
  • Kirstin Dow, University of South Carolina
  • Greg Carbone, University of South Carolina
Poster # 91
Exploring Integrating Adaptation into a State Wildlife Agency with the Climate Adaptation Explorer
Lily Swanbrow Becker, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
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The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) has been researching, planning, and implementing climate adaptation actions for the past decade. The FWC’s Climate Adaptation Program’s mission statement reads: “intrinsically integrate adaptation into everything we do,” yet seamlessly integrating adaptation into the inner workings of the world’s largest fish and wildlife agency is a challenging prospect. In an age of information saturation where one needs a tool to help decipher which climate adaptation tool to use, the Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative (PFLCC) has collaborated with FWC to build a digital guide to climate adaptation in Florida, intended to serve as a one-stop shop for staff, conservation practitioners and the public. The “Climate Adaptation Explorer” (CAE) is an interactive online resource for climate-related content, presented in a user-friendly format designed to support the needs of resource managers, scientists, educators, or anyone interested in learning more about natural resource-focused climate adaptation in Florida. In addition to updated content from previous FWC publications, the CAE includes brand new material, such as profiles for 138 Florida species providing vulnerability status information, sea level rise maps, anticipated climate impacts, adaptation strategies and more. While many planning guides can provide useful information, “intrinsically integrating” adaptation requires communicating the most relevant information in the least obtrusive way. The CAE is a case study in integrating adaptation into a large organization through engaging and supporting the needs of a wide audience, with the goal of moving the needle toward a more resilient Florida in an uncertain future.

Poster # 92
The Science and Art of Building Community Resilience
Katelyn Widness, Kimley-Horn and Associates
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In March 2018, the City of Tallahassee launched its Community Resilience planning process with the ambition of empowering stakeholders with climate resilience science to drive innovation and collaboration. To begin, an interdisciplinary working group of City department representatives utilized the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit’s Steps to Resilience to identify critical assets based on community values, quantify the exposure of those assets to a variety of threats, and perform geospatial analysis of vulnerabilities, linking environmental and socio-economic data in new dynamic ways.

However, it was evident from the start that building community resilience requires robust, research-backed methodology, as well as the art of gaining stakeholder buy-in and changing business as usual. The team is taking an unconventional stakeholder engagement approach through a mix of educational and interactive programming that is helping to gain input and build local capacity even while the plan is being developed.

At the National Adaptation Forum, we propose to share sample results from our geospatial analysis and some of the collaborative products from stakeholder engagement activities as a promising example of bridging the gap between the theory and practice of urban resilience.

Co-authors:
  • Jeff Hicks, Fernleaf
  • Matt Hutchins, NEMAC
  • Karin Rogers, NEMAC
  • Jim Fox, NEMAC
  • Abena Ojetayo, City of Tallahassee
Poster # 93
Achieving Sustainability through Education and Economic Development Solutions (A SEEDS) Initiative
Romona Taylor Williams, North Montgomery Citizens United for Prosperity (MCUP)
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Severe flooding, due to poor storm water infrastructure has plagued Duck Hill, MS for decades. Climate impacts is expected to continue impacting the city which is comprised mostly of low wealth African American community, with increased severe precipitation events and increased heat and drought events. Duck Hill elected officials and residents in partnership with Action Community Education Resources, EcoAdapt, and Sustainability Works are engaging in a collaborative problem solving process using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) Model to address environmental and public health issues in disadvantaged communities and undergoing a Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning (CVAAP) to help increase resilience of the cities the environmental and public health issues. The project involves a multi-prone approach: identification community vision and strategic goals, community capacity building and intergenerational leadership, consensus building and dispute resolution, multi-stakeholder partnerships and leveraging of resources, constructive engagement by stakeholders, project management and implementation, and evaluation, lessons learned, and development of best practices. The CVAAP will also help to determine key indicators like who is at risk (age, location, and mobility of the local population), what areas are at risk, identify critical infrastructure, identify key natural resources, and evaluate environmental, public health and economic impacts of extreme, climate related, weather events. Following the CVAAP and data gathering process residents and their partners will develop a list of recommended solutions, a Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Plan, to be incorporated into the Township’s existing Zoning and Land Use Plan.

Southwest

Poster # 94
Evaluating Social Resilience Capacity through Networks in Maricopa County, AZ
Karina French, Institute for Sustainable Communities
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Practitioners’ capacity to build social resilience can be difficult to measure - social climate impacts are not always visible, resilience varies widely by place and community, and the intended changes are often long-term. In Maricopa County, AZ, the Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) has been building the capacity of social service practitioners to develop resilience-building strategies through cross-sector networks that respond to the needs of the most vulnerable populations in the Advancing Community Resilience Partnership (ACRP). In order to measure this “capacity-building” in the social sector, ISC has been piloting several evaluation methods that monitor the efficacy of building networks to increase resilience in the social sector. ISC used social network analysis to monitor the breadth, depth, and growth of relationships between stakeholders, evaluating both quantitative metrics and network structure through sociograms. ISC also evaluated the adoption of a resilience framework among the community of practitioners through analysis of verbal and behavioral indicators, and worked with each network of practitioners to develop a set of resilience indicators unique to that issue area. This mixture of methods gave insight into the impact network facilitation had on cross-sector relationships and the adoption of resilience thinking among practitioners. ISC is excited to share with peers what evaluation techniques proved useful, what limitations they discovered, and how others could iterate on the methods tested through the ACRP.

Co-authors:
  • Emily Mead, Institute for Sustainable Communities
Poster # 95
Connecting Wildlands and Communities: Planning for climate-ready landscapes in southern California
Megan K Jennings, San Diego State University
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Connecting Wildlands and Communities examines how future planning in southern California can meaningfully integrate natural land connectivity, water sustainability, fire risk, and the resilience of local communities, particularly underserved communities, at the wildland interface. The goal of this research is to provide an integrated planning and decision-making framework that supports multi-benefit landscape-scale planning and facilitates science-informed climate adaptation and strategies across the region. The project builds on previous work developing landscape maps to support connectivity of natural lands across California’s South Coast Ecoregion. With new funding from the California State Strategic Growth Council, the Institute for Ecological Management and Monitoring (IEMM) and the Climate Science Alliance is leading an interdisciplinary team of planners, environmental engineers, ecologists, and geographers to explore how connected landscapes can support adaptation and resilience to climate change for both ecosystems and local communities in southern California.

Using input gathered by engaging stakeholder and partners, this project is taking a comprehensive planning approach to meet State of California objectives on protecting rural communities, mitigating wildfire risk, supporting water sustainability, and protecting biodiversity. This innovative integrated approach to planning is needed to promote smart growth that supports adaptation and resilience to climate change for southern California’s ecosystems and local communities.

Co-authors:
  • Rebecca Lewison, San Diego State University
  • Diane Foote, San Diego State University
  • Alicia Kinoshita, San Diego State University
  • Jack Mikesell, San Diego State University
  • Amber Pairis, Climate Science Alliance
  • Sherry Ryan, San Diego State University
  • Emanuel Storey, San Diego State University
  • Douglas Stow, San Diego State University
  • Alexandra Syphard, Sage Underwriters
  • Erin Conlisk, Point Blue Conservation Science
Poster # 96
Fort Collins Municipal Sustainability and Adaptation Planning Process
Katy McLaren, City of Fort Collins, Colorado
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The City of Fort Collins, Colorado recently created a new Municipal Sustainability and Adaptation Plan with the support of the Sonoran Institute. Originally designed to be two separate plans, efforts to combine the planning process allowed for a more robust plan and leveraged staff time. The Exploratory Scenario Planning process allowed for multiple staff engagement opportunities and led to a robust outcome. This type of planning and combining of municipal sustainability and adaptation for climate change is leading edge. It allowed staff to create a plan with future impacts taken into consideration. Rather than planning to a fixed date and conditions with associated goals and strategies, staff is exploring multiple scenarios, planning to different conditions to address gaps and optimize opportunities. This includes multiple uncertainties the organization might face such as climate change, financial and economic variables and workforce changes. The plan will be completed in 2018 with implementation beginning in 2019.

Co-authors:
  • Michelle Finchum, City of Fort Collins, Colorado
Poster # 97
From Metaphor to Measurement: Modeling Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience on Tribal Lands
Anna Elisabeth Palmer, Ohio University Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs
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This completed master’s thesis presents the first-ever climate change vulnerability assessment of indigenous communities. National-level climate vulnerability assessments techniques were used to examine the relative vulnerability of sovereign tribal territories to climate-induced water challenges. The approach contains empirical indicators of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Exposure included numerous measures of climate variability including drought and other extreme weather events, temperature and precipitation change. Sensitivity utilized three types; human, livelihood, and physical capital sensitivities. Adaptive capacity examined both social and institutional dimensions. Results are displayed in the form of radar charts and choropleth maps offering a comprehensive picture of how differences in access to resources, class, and other socio-economic factors result in drastically different vulnerabilities across tribes that are located in a similar biophysical context. Both the utility and limitations of traditional climate vulnerability assessments for understanding tribal water challenges are discussed. These include the sovereign status of native lands, their connectivity to surrounding regions, nestedness within state and national governance systems, importance of cultural integrity, and evolving legal institutions surrounding water rights. This poster highlights the challenges of supporting climate change adaptation on socially vulnerable tribal nations throughout the American Southwest and features examples of on-the-ground adaptations that enhance climate resiliency. The findings call for a more dynamic approach to understanding the inherent adaptive capacity and resilience of tribal populations, and paths forward for improving water resource management on sovereign tribal territories.

Poster # 98
The Art of Change: Inspiring Climate Engagement Through Community Art Initiatives
Alexandria Warneke, Climate Science Alliance
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Art, in its diverse forms, can shape our perceptions of the world and plays a pivotal role in supporting societal change. The Art of Change Initiative, a program of the Climate Science Alliance, aims to bridge the gap between scientists and the community through the power of art and artists. We see the arts as a valuable tool for communicating science to diverse audiences by cutting across cultures, ages, education levels, and socioeconomic status. As part of our commitment to building a community of practice around climate adaptation, the Alliance developed the Affiliated Artists Program to work directly with artists who are exploring themes related to climate change and environmental stewardship. We work collaboratively to develop projects, programs, and opportunities to bring art and artists directly into climate resilience activities. We also facilitate the display of this artwork in the community. As the risks and impacts of our changing climate unfold, it is now more important than ever to engage children and families in unique and creative ways to inspire the kind of engagement and actions that will ensure future resilience. Through storytelling and art platforms we provide an understanding of various aspects of climate change science, natural resource conservation, and environmental stewardship in a way that is fun, interactive, hopeful, and accessible.

Co-authors:
  • Amber Pairis, Climate Science Alliance

Coasts

Poster # 99
Gulf of Mexico Climate and Resilience Outreach Community of Practice: A Model for Adaptation Dialogue
Libby Carnahan, University of Florida IFAS Extension
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Climate change is affecting the Gulf States of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas and impacts are predicted to increase. The Gulf of Mexico Climate and Resilience Outreach Community of Practice (Gulf Climate CoP) formed in 2010 to bring extension, outreach and education professionals together with government staff and elected officials to share best practices for adaptation planning. The group’s three working objectives include (1) explore the state of climate science in the Gulf region, (2) learn how coastal communities can adapt to climate change impacts, and (3) share lessons-learned related to climate communication. These objectives are met through an annual workshop that rotates in location around the Gulf. Components of each workshop include expert scientific presentations, sharing of decision-support tools, government employees sharing on-the-ground adaptation practices, breakout group working sessions, and a field tour. The Gulf Climate CoP has attracted over 300 members from diverse organizations to engage in webinars, work groups, social media, and the annual in-person meeting. The 2018 Gulf Climate CoP educated 73 extension professionals, floodplain managers, and government leaders. In post-conference evaluations participants reported knowledge gain as a result of the workshops in climate change science, visualization planning tools and local adaptation planning efforts. Gulf Climate CoP has fostered multi-state collaboration on projects including but not limited to Regional Floodplain Management Workshops, Coastal Resilience Indices, and a small grants program for coastal communities. Detailed examples of success and best practices from the CoP’s six years in operation will be shared in the poster.

Co-authors:
  • Tracie Sempier, Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium
  • Marian Hanisko, The Baldwin Group, NOAA Affiliate
  • Jody Thompson, Auburn University Marine Extension & Research Center
  • Melissa Daigle, Louisiana Sea Grant Law & Policy Program
  • Heather Wade, Texas Sea Grant
Poster # 100
Restoring Regulation - San Francisco Bay Plan Amendment to Improve Permitting for Wetland Restoration
Megan Hall, San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission
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Created in 1965 with regional authority to protect and enhance San Francisco Bay and to encourage responsible and productive use of the Bay for this and future generations, the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC) is the nation’s oldest coastal zone management agency. The San Francisco Bay Plan is BCDC's regulatory framework that guides permitting decisions for proposed development in San Francisco Bay and along the Bay’s shoreline. In 2017, BCDC initiated a Bay Plan amendment to improve the permitting process for habitat restoration projects in light of impending sea level rise. At workshops, open houses, and presentations, BCDC staff have worked with the restoration community and other stakeholders to resolve language in the Bay Plan that poses challenges to some restoration projects that would allow wetlands to better adapt to sea level rise. Language that the amendment will address relates to several challenges, including: the potential conflict between BCDC’s requirements for maximum feasible public access and wildlife protection; use of ‘minor fill’ for restoration projects that will rely on the placement of increasing amounts of sediment to prevent permanent inundation; mitigation for short-term impacts that may occur in order to achieve long-term improvements; more effective monitoring requirements; and addressing uncertainty associated with updates to the best available science-based sea level rise projections and the need for adaptive management. BCDC staff expect this amendment to be approved by our Commission in mid-2019. Through this process, we hope to enhance the resilience of San Francisco Bay ecosystems.

Co-authors:
  • Shannon Fiala, San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission
Poster # 101
California Coastal Conservancy Climate Ready Program
Kelly Malinowski, California State Coastal Conservancy
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This poster showcases the California State Coastal Conservancy's Climate Ready Program, a climate change mitigation and adaptation focused grant program entering into it's sixth round of grants. The poster includes information about projects funded by this program to date, including number of projects by type of adaptation approach (e.g. urban greening, research and modeling, etc.) as well as perfect of funding by project. The poster also includes three different case studies of projects funded under this grant program: salt marsh restoration to protect a wastewater treatment plant, urban greening to reduce urban heat islands in underserved communities, and a living shoreline to protect against flooding in Los Angeles.

Co-authors:
  • Carrie Boyle, California State Coastal Conservancy
Poster # 102
Virtual Reality Exploration of coastal flooding in future climate projections
Alexandre Martinez, University of California, Irvine
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Coastal cities are exposed to rising risk of flooding from sea level rise, increasing storm intensity and local subsidence. Climate change is expected to double coastal flooding within the next decade but some areas could experience floods 100 times stronger.

People living in at-risk areas often ignore the impact of climate change on floods intensity and frequency.

In this project, we are exploring the usage of Virtual Reality (VR) as a tool to better reach people living in coastal cities and better explain them the impact of climate change on their community. A virtual exploration of the coast in which people can be immersed in a flood, experience its intensity, and visualize the underlying mechanics that created these flooding conditions. We use a combination of GIS data and photogrammetry techniques to create a virtual environment in which people can recognize real locations in their neighborhood and then apply a water texture in Unity3D to create the flood levels desired. The user will be able to select different scenario (historical, 2035 SLR, 2050 SLR) so he can easily understand the impact of climate change on coastal flooding. Information on the model used and its meaning will be provided interactively so the user is also understanding the reason of this change. A survey has been conducted before and after the experience in order to assess how effective this experience was to inform people on how future climate is impacted flooding in their city.

Co-authors:
  • Tina Korani, San Jose State University
Poster # 103
Emergent Groundwater and Sea Level Rise, the Silent and Largely Unknown Underground Threat
Abby Mohan, Silvestrum Climate Associates
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Big ideas are needed to adapt to the triple flooding threat of sea level rise, extreme precipitation, and emergent groundwater. Of these threats, emergent groundwater is the least understood, which could be detrimental for climate adaptation planning.
San Francisco Bay has significant developed, low-lying areas near the shoreline, including many built on fill over historic marshes and mudflats. The shallow groundwater layer lurks just below the surface, and with sea level rise, emergent groundwater could flood this area from below before the end of the century. Groundwater monitoring wells in Alameda and Oakland were used to investigate the depth of the shallow groundwater layer during both dry and wet seasons. This layer is highly dynamic, responding to both tidal fluctuations and precipitation events. After this baseline was established, the response of this layer to sea level rise was examined and areas of emergent groundwater were mapped. These areas were paired with their respective sea level rise scenarios, creating a more robust assessment of potential future flood risk.
Rising groundwater levels near the surface can contribute to flooding in basements, impacts to structural stability and integrity of below-grade infrastructure and foundations, and an increased risk of liquefaction during earthquakes. Most commonly, high groundwater levels are mitigated using pumps. However, in developed areas built on fill, groundwater pumping and extraction could increase subsidence risks and enhance differential settling of roadways and structures. Communities located at the intersection between rising groundwater and rising seas will require innovative solutions to address these increasing risks.

Co-authors:
  • Kris May, Silvestrum Climate Associates
  • Kristina Hill, UC Berkeley
  • Ellen Plane, UC Berkeley
Poster # 104
Climate- Health, Wholeness and Faith- praying our future
Kristina Joy Peterson, Lowlander Center
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Adaptation to changes of land and water posses challenges to practices of faith and it’s relationship to community. In a holistic approach to climate adaptation communities may find that their voice or Spirit in relation to their life-world changing. This oral discussion stems from the multiple events experienced by Louisiana bayou communities and how those communities of faith are reflecting their faith practices both in institutions and as individuals, while giving hope and life for the future.

Co-authors:
  • Richard L Krajeski, Bayou Blue Presbyterian Church
Poster # 105
A habitat vulnerability assessment tool as a starting point for land managers creating adaptation plans
Jennifer Plunket, North Inlet-Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve
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Land managers and policymakers need relevant information to determine what actions can be taken to increase the capacity of ecological habitats to be resilient under changing climate conditions. The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tool for Coastal Habitats (CCVATCH) was created within the National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR) System to help land managers, decision makers, and researchers develop conservation, management, and restoration plans that consider the effects of climate change. CCVATCH is an evaluation process that helps to identify sources of vulnerability, provides a greater understanding of the potential impacts of climate change alone and in relation to existing non-climate stressors, and identifies data gaps and research needs. CCVATCH was used to assess salt marshes in Rhode Island and North and South Carolina through a process that involved the input of local researchers, NGOs, land managers and government staff. Identified site-specific sources of vulnerability were then matched with potential adaptation actions using an adaptation ‘menu’ that is in development with the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science. Examples from the RI, NC and SC assessments will be used to illustrate that results from vulnerability assessments of potential future climate impacts can be used to make best judgements about current, local management decisions.

Co-authors:
  • Robin Weber, Narragansett Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve
  • Hope Sutton, North Carolina National Estuarine Research Reserve
Poster # 106
Community Resilience in West Palm Beach, Florida: Investing Today for a Better Present and Future
Penni Redford, City of West Palm Beach
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Inspired by several sessions and presentations at the 2017 National Adaptation Forum in Saint Paul, we went home and worked with city leaders, staff, and other stakeholders to perform a resilience assessment. Looking at our values and assets, we found that we’re blessed with a “can do” city attitude and leadership, a slightly higher elevation than our neighbors, and a source of fresh surface water. The assessment showed that our primary risk and vulnerability comes from a growing number of heavy precipitation events that increase local flooding—rather than a primary focus on sea level rise like our neighbors to the south. We also found that we have vulnerable populations that are seeing increasing risk due to extreme heat events and storms. We are taking action by investing in stormwater systems, raising sea walls, updating our emergency management plan, protecting our vulnerable populations from extreme heat events, focusing economic development on more resilient practices, and getting stakeholders to take personal responsibility. We are keeping our assessment a living document by linking it into the city’s GIS, stormwater plan, comprehensive plan, and emergency management plan. Through all of this, we are investing today to ensure that West Palm Beach remains a great place to live and work.

Co-authors:
  • Brent Bloomfield, City of West Palm Beach
  • Nathan Kerr, City of West Palm Beach
  • Jeff Hicks, NEMAC+FernLeaf
  • Jim Fox, NEMAC+FernLeaf
Poster # 107
Sea Level Rise and Polar Ice Sheets: How to deal with 'What If?'
Ted Scambos, ESOC/CIRES University of Colorado Boulder
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Successful adaptation to rising sea levels requires understanding among policy makers, city planners and scientists specializing in sea level forecasts. For many of the components of sea level rise, the rate of rise is closely tied to air and ocean warming, and is relatively well-constrained. However, for the polar ice sheets, there is greater uncertainty and a wider range of possible contributions. The scope of potential changes in the largest polar glacier systems is large and in some cases changes can be relatively sudden and dramatic. Our poster will review the forecasts for sea level rise at present, and the separate studies of low-probability, high-risk potential outcomes for some polar glaciers in Greenland and Antarctica. It will also discuss best practices for incorporating these risks in a planning structure. The poster will discuss how stakeholders and decision makers can exchange information with researchers -- and will provide an opportunity for practitioners to discuss forecasts and their potential impacts with scientists conducting polar research. A follow-up workshop at the NAF will provide interactive discussion and activities to further identify the planning and educational needs of decision makers and practitioners, informing future scientific activities and data products. We will explore decision making approaches and techniques, with an emphasis on building an interactive community for knowledge co-production.

Co-authors:
  • Twila Moon, NSIDC/CIRES University of Colorado Boulder
  • Waleed Abdalati, CIRES University of Colorado Boulder
  • Jill Gambill, Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant, University of Georgia
Poster # 108
Canadian Collaborative Actions on Coastal Adaptation under Canada’s Adaptation Platform
John Sommerville, Natural Resouces Canada
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To address the complex array of changes, common issues, and needs related to adaptation in Canada's coastal zone, a Coastal Management Working Group (CMWG) was created in 2012 as part of Canada’s Adaptation Platform, hosted by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). The CMWG brings together key stakeholders from all levels of governments, industry and professional organizations, research institutes, non-profit organizations, and academia. In 2012, The CMWG set priorities to better understand the impacts of climate change, investigate policy drivers and barriers, evaluate adaptation options, and improve communication and engagement. Focusing on these priority areas, NRCan funded over 1.8 million in projects across Canada between 2012-2016. As a result, a great deal of progress in coastal adaptation has taken place across Canada. However, in many regions in Canada and elsewhere, efforts towards adaptation have been slowed by real or perceived barriers. To address barriers to implementing adaptation, The CMWG identified six new priorities for the 2017-2021 program of work:
•Enhancing understanding of climate risks and opportunities;
•Building capacity to undertake sustainable adaptation action;
•Increasing collaboration, engagement and the use of integrated approaches;
•Identifying and promoting policy and regulatory enablers;
•Promoting resilience through innovation and infrastructure; and,
•Improving monitoring, evaluation and reporting of adaptation actions.
In August 2017, NRCan solicited proposals for over 2 million in cost-shared projects addressing these priorities. This presentation will highlight the CMWG’s progress to date in enabling effective coastal adaptation across Canada, focusing on past successes and future priorities through the use of illustrative case study examples.

Co-authors:
  • Mary-Ann Wilson, Natural Resouces Canada
Poster # 109
A League of Our Own: Delaware’s Resilient And Sustainable Communities League (RASCL)
Danielle Swallow, DE Sea Grant
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What happens when you take a state with the second smallest land area, a population under 1 million people, and the lowest mean elevation in the Nation, and place it inside a region dominated by Mid-Atlantic states with huge populations, budgets, and adaptation networks? You get a small but scrappy league of adaptation professionals, banding together to build networks where few existed. The Resilient And Sustainable Communities League (RASCL) was formed in 2016 to improve Delaware’s capacity to thrive in the midst of changing environmental and climate conditions. Initially founded by practitioners from state agencies such as the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, the league has grown to include non-profit and academic partners. RASCL promotes information-sharing, best practices, and collaboration among practitioners and the communities they serve: several of these communities are aging, rural, and/or lacking governance structures that support comprehensive planning. This presentation will describe the characteristics and demographics of Delaware coastal communities and what makes them uniquely vulnerable to climate changes such as sea level rise. Further, it will describe the process of building a league of adaptation professionals in Delaware from scratch, including the challenges and opportunities of evolving the ad hoc group into a formal collaborative.

Co-authors:
  • Kelly Valencik, DNREC
  • Mike Tholstrup, DNREC
Poster # 110
Salt marsh vulnerabilities to sea level rise: linking assessment to adaptation in the Delaware Estuary
Jordan M West, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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The loss of coastal wetlands and their ecosystem services has been a particularly serious problem in the Delaware Estuary. For salt marshes, decreases due to erosion, nutrient enrichment, and hydrological alterations are being exacerbated and accelerated by ongoing sea level rise (SLR). Given these impacts, it is important for managers to account for SLR in adaptation planning. Yet it remains a challenge to frame SLR vulnerability in a way that facilitates direct linkages to specific management actions, thereby allowing more rigorous adaptation design. To this end, we used a relative wetland vulnerabilities framework which provides a step-by-step process that distinguishes the main components of vulnerability so that varying exposures and sensitivities can be understood and addressed in a more targeted way. Because the concept of vulnerability depends on what ecosystem service/management objective is at play, we not only assessed changes in total salt marsh habitat, but also broke salt marshes into high marsh and low marsh zones. We then explored vulnerabilities in the context of three different management examples, centered on preservation of: (1) saltmarsh sparrow nesting habitat (high marsh), (2) blue crab nursery habitat (low marsh), and (3) flood protection (total marsh). Through these examples, we illustrate how an attribute of interest (e.g., salt marsh extent) drives the vulnerability assessment process in a fashion that generates different concepts of vulnerability depending on the specific management objective. We then link the results to management programs and activities of the Partnership for the Delaware Estuary, with ideas for climate-smart adaptations.

Co-authors:
  • Jen Stamp, Tetra Tech
  • Anna Hamilton, Tetra Tech
  • Marissa Liang, ORISE Fellow at U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • LeeAnn Haaf, Partnership for the Delaware Estuary
Poster # 111
Building Coastal Resilience in Georgia: Camden County's 'Rise Ready' Flood Risk Decision Support Tool
Ashby Nix Worley, The Nature Conservancy
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As coastal communities experience population and economic growth in combination with increased coastal hazards, The Nature Conservancy recognizes both natural and human communities are becoming more vulnerable. This has highlighted a need to build resilience in these coastal landscapes, including natural solution options that provide for both hazard protection and essential habitat.

Camden County, Georgia was selected as a pilot community by The Conservancy for targeted resilience building using nature. Working alongside local and state partners, The Conservancy engaged the local community in identification of their resilience needs and is working collaboratively to bring customized flood risk online decision support tools and stakeholder workshops on flood risk awareness as solutions that help protect both human and natural communities. This work focuses on using scientific coastal hazard data to 1) inform community planning such as local land use decisions and policies 2) convey flood risk awareness to the general public in a user-friendly way and 3) identify and prioritize preservation & restoration of flood prone open space in regions that can help communities become more resilient to coastal hazards and gain CRS credits. This work builds off a strong foundation of recently completed regional resiliency trainings and workshops, established coastal hazard networks, projects and community plans, and local interest in taking action after recently experiencing 2 hurricanes within an 11 month time period. The goal is to have this project scaled to other communities along the Georgia coast as needed or desired.