Themes and Topics

Cross-Cutting Themes 

1. State of Practice: Highlighting the implementation of adaptation actions through case studies, emerging trends and innovations, and adaptation actions, including those that overlap with mitigation.
2. Monitoring and Evaluation: Learning from past and current efforts to improve the future by measuring and communicating progress and evaluating success and effectiveness, as well as incentivizing monitoring and reporting activities; connecting lessons learned, making course corrections, and sharing failure.
3. Using Indicators in Adaptation Assessment: Methods for identifying and using key indicators for: rapid vulnerability assessment; analysis of critical system interdependencies; adaptation design; and analysis of co-benefits versus maladaptations.
4. Co-Production and Actionable Climate Science: Co-production and sharing of products between science, management, community, business and policy to empower action.
5. Cross-sectoral Adaptation: Holistic adaptation across multiple sectors, jurisdictions and scales; considering the landscape, the community, businesses, and the long term across the built, social, and natural environment (e.g.,. from wild to rural to urban); and integration into current institutions, structures, businesses, culture and planning processes (e.g., for communities, comprehensive planning, hazard mitigation planning, mitigation planning, and for businesses risk management and continuity planning, sustainability planning).
6. Equitable Adaptation: Development and implementation of equitable, community driven solutions; measuring and building adaptive capacity of communities; designing adaptation that addresses vulnerability; undertaking a community-led planning process; and addressing non-climate stressors.
7. Communication and Engagement: Communicating effectively about risk, opportunities, resilience and adaptation in the face of climate uncertainty; messaging, visualization strategies and creative tools such as art, music, and cultural and historical preservation to increase engagement and inspire adaptation action.
8. Economics of Climate Risks and Opportunities and Financing of Adaptation: Approaches to identify, assess, and manage climate-related financial risks and opportunities; incorporating climate change into capital project development and financing; mobilizing investments in climate change adaptation and building low carbon and climate resilient economies; assessing tradeoffs and mainstreaming adaptation as a worthwhile investment that pays dividends (ensuring return on investments); assessing cost of inaction; building local, regional, state, and federal capacity to fund adaptation activities.
9. Policy, Governance and Law: Building a solid foundation for change with local government and state regulations and/or mandates to support the implementation of adaptation strategies (in wild, rural and urban areas); consistently moving forward local, regional, and state action regardless of changes at the federal level.
10. Before and After Extreme Events: How can recovery from extreme events better position us for future events? Moving into an age of climate disasters, we have to “bounce forward” by planning and implementing adaptation strategies before, during, and after using extreme events as a model or mechanism for long-term resilience and/or transformation.
11. International Exchange: Alignment of national efforts with international efforts (e.g., Global Summit and IPCC) and sharing of global solutions.


Focal Topics

Agriculture and Food Security

Nature-Based Adaptation

Business Operations and Supply Chains

Natural Resources, Public Lands, Working Lands

Climate Justice (poverty, minorities and vulnerability)

Public/Private Partnership

Coastal/Marine/Freshwater Systems


Critical Infrastructure and Development (green, blue and grey)

Species Conservation and Ecosystem Health

Extreme Events (fire, hurricanes, tornados, flooding, snow storms, drought)

Tourism and Recreation

Education (youth engagement, arts, professional career development)

Traditional and Local Knowledge

Energy Adaptation


Faith Based Stewardship

Tribal and Indigenous

Integration with Hazard Mitigation Planning

Urban Design, Land Use, Architecture, and Community Planning

Historic and Cultural Resources

Water Resources (supply, quality, storage, and demand)

Insurance, Security, Preparedness and Risk Management

Well-being (public health, health care, and mental health)

Intersections Between Adaptation and Mitigation




CAKE Keywords 

Air temperature

Oxygen concentrations (hypoxia)



Culture / communities

Phenological shifts

Diseases or parasites



Public health risks


Public safety threats


Range shifts

Fishery harvest

Salinization / Saltwater intrusion


Sea level rise

Flow patterns


Growing season

Species of concern

Habitat extent

Storms or extreme weather events

Infrastructure damage


Invasive / non-native species, pests

Water quality

Lake level

Water supply


Water temperature

Ocean acidification

Other target impact (please specify)